Music History Test 2

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tresa
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282622
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Music History Test 2
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2014-09-10 07:00:18
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  1. List the six parts of the Ordinary of the Mass
    in order
    • Kyrie, Gloria, Credo, Sanctus, Agnus Dei, Ite
    • Missa Est
  2. ORDER: Bernard de ventadorn, Boethius, Hildegard, Perotin, Machaut, Guido, Leonin, Charlemagne, Fall of Rome, Beatrice de Dia, Pythagoras, Elanor of Aquitaine
    1. Pythagoras

    • 2. Fall of Rome (476
    • C.E.)

    3. Boethius (480-524)

    4. Charlemagne (742-814)

    5. Guido de Arrezzo (c. 991-1033)

    • 6. Hildegard (12th century
    • (1098-1179)

    7. Eleanor of Aquitaine (c. 1122-1204)

    8. Bernard de Ventadorn (c.1135-c1195)

    9. Beatrice de Dia (1175)

    10. Leonin (fl. 1160-1201)

    11. Perotin (c. 1160-1236)

    12. Machaut (c. 1300-1377)
  3. Identify five events that characterized the
    Calamitous 14th Century
    • Famine
    • Papal schism
    • 100 years war
    • black death
    • economic crisis
    • ice age
    • political instability
  4. Identify four reasons why the Messe de
    Nostre Dame is significant to the history of Western Music: (6)
    • 1. First polyphonic setting of all parts
    • of the Mass Ordinary
    • 2. All 6 movements written for four voices
    • 3. First Cyclic Mass (linked by same
    • theme)
    • 4. New approach to sonority: voices cover
    • larger spectrum
    • 5. Cantus placed higher than bass (Contratenor bassus)
    • 6. Use of double leading tone cadences.
  5. Name three innovations attributed to Guido de
    Arrezzo
    • Guidonian hand
    • Solfege
    • Created hexachords that isolated the
    • isorhythm
  6. Identify and define the three genres that make
    up the forms fixe of 14th
    Century France
    • Ballade: AAB
    • Virelai: AbbaAbbaAbbaA
    • Rondeau: ABaAabAB
  7. Ballade
    • AAB
    • Three stanzas, each sung to the same
    • music and ending with the same line of poetry.
    • Formal pattern aab 
    • The ending of the b section sometimes
    • has the same music as the end of the A
    • The highest voice, called the cantus or
    • melody, carries the tune and is supported by slower-moving lower voices.
  8. Virelai
    • AbbaAbbaAbbaA
    • Refrain with stanzas using new material
    • Capital letters indicate repetitions of
    • both text and music
    • Lowercase letters indicate repetition of music
    • with new text
    • Three stanzas is typical 
    • Can be a monophonic or polyphonic
    • composition
  9. Rondeau
    • ABaAabAB
    • The medieval rondeau has two musical
    • phrases and a refrain
    • There are two musical sections (a and
    • b).
    • Capital letters sets a text refrain 
    • Lower case letters used to set a new
    • line of poetry
    • Varied rhythms, syncopations, stepwise
    • melodies, long melismas on structural points
  10. Discuss the role of music in Ancient Greece
    society concentrating on public religious festivals, music in the theatre, and
    private festivities
    • Olympics (athletics, games, music)
    • Paean=hymn to the gods
    • Dithyramb=wild party song

    • Symposium—social gathering of
    • males…drinking, music
    • Skolion (song setting of a lyrical
    • poem) Epitaph of Seikilos oldest surviving full piece

    • All plays sung     
    • Stasimon Chorus from Orestes
    • -papyrus
    • -7 fragments exist
    • -By Euripides

    • music monophonic
    • Lyre: seven strings, plucked
    • Kithara: seven stringed wooden lyre
    • Aulos: wind instrument

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