Goni Positions and Norms

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Author:
amills1
ID:
282656
Filename:
Goni Positions and Norms
Updated:
2014-09-10 16:27:32
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goni
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Goni Positions and Norms
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  1. Shld flexion
    • 180 degrees 
    • Axis: Lateral aspect of greater tubercle
    • Prox arm: Midaxillary line of thorax
    • Distal: midline humerus, lat epi or olecranon process can be landmarks
    • thumb fwd
  2. shld /
    • 60 degrees
    • axis: lateral aspect of g. tubercle
    • prox: midaxillary line of thorax
    • distal: lateral midline of humerus
    • thumb fwd
  3. shld abd
    • 180 degrees
    • axis: anterior aspect of acromion process
    • proximal: parallel to sternum
    • distal: anterior mid-line of humerous
  4. IR/ER
    • ER WNL 90
    • IR WNL 70
    • fulcrum: olecranon process
    • prox: perpen or parallel to floor
    • distal: ulna, ulnar process can be reference
    • towel under arm to ensure parallel to floor
  5. elbow flexion and /
    • 150, 0
    • fulcrum: lat epicondyle of humerus
    • prox: lat humerus, acrom process for reference
    • distal: lat midline radial styloid process for ref
  6. forearm pron, supin
    • 80,80
    • Goni on outside for pronation, on inside for supination. Hand starts with thumb up.
    • fulcrum: lateral and proximal to ulnar styloid process
    • prox: parallel to anterior midline of humerus
    • distal: Where least bulk on forearm and parallel to the styloid processes
  7. wrist flexion, ext
    • 80, 70
    • Axis: lateral triquetrum
    • prox: midline ulna, ulnar styloid as ref
    • distal: 3rd metacarpal
  8. radial, ulnar deviation
    • 20, 40
    • axis: dorsal capitate
    • prox: midline forearm
    • distal: 3rd metacarpal
  9. hip flexion, ext
    • 120, 30
    • axis: g. tubercle
    • prox: lateral midline of pelvis
    • distal: midline femur, lat epi as ref
    • contralateral leg straight
  10. hip abd, add
    • 40, 20
    • axis: asis
    • prox: along the line between asis's
    • distal: midline femur, patella as ref
  11. hip IR, ER
    • 45, 45
    • axis: mid patella
    • prox: perpend floor
    • distal: midline tibia, tib tub and midway between mallleoli for ref
    • towel under leg to ensure parallel femur to floor
  12. knee flexion, ext
    • 140, 5
    • axis: lat epi of femur
    • prox: midline femur
    • distal: lat midline fibula, fib head and lat mal as ref
  13. DF, PF
    • 15, 50
    • Axis: lateral of lat malleolus
    • Prox: midline fibula, head of fib for ref
    • distal: lateral aspect of 5th metatarsal head
  14. inv
    • 35
    • axis: midway between malleoli
    • prox: anterior midline lower leg, tib tub for ref 
    • distal: 2nd metatarsal
    • starting position: push foot into PF and inv
  15. ever
    • 15
    • axis: midway between malleoli
    • prox: anterior midline lower leg, tib tub for ref
    • distal: 2nd metatarsal
    • starting position: push foot into DF and ever

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