from Latin and Italian sonare, "to sound" literally means a piece played as opposed to a piece sung.
- Origins 1590's- Gabrielli at St. Marks
- Early- Corelli, Torelli, Vivaldi 4 movments (de chiesa and de camera)- solo sonatas, trio sonatas or ensemble sonatas
Pre-Classical (1720-1750)-Scarlatti, CPE Bach. Dev. of Keyboard sonata
Vienese Classical Keyboard (1770-1790)- Haydn, Mozart, Beethoven (3 movements)
Beethoven Sontas 1790,s- earl, middle and late (4 movements)
Romantic (1800's)- Schubert, Weber, Mendelssohn
20th Century- Debussy, Scriabin, Ives, Bartok, Stravinsky, Cage, Carter