Psychology

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Author:
Melina.gonzales
ID:
282733
Filename:
Psychology
Updated:
2014-09-11 12:39:55
Tags:
test
Folders:
psychology
Description:
first psych test
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  1. subfields
    • biological
    • behavioral
    • cognitive
    • community
    • counseling
    • clinical
    • developmental
    • engineering
    • environmental
    • health
    • I/O
    • forensic
    • positive
    • personality
    • sport
    • school
    • education
    • social
  2. approaches
    • behavioral
    • biological
    • cognitive
    • evolutionary
    • humanistic
    • psychodynamic
  3. behavioral approach
    • our actions and choices are altered by reward and punishment
    • observation
  4. biological approach
    • our bodies' DNA and "biology" determine how we go about the world
    • emphasizes nervous system, hormones, genetics
  5. cognitive approach
    • how we view the world
    • --> perceive, encode, retain, remember, our overall inflection of everything
  6. evolutionary approach
    • we are driven by how our ancestors survived. Genes, traits passed down to us
    • actions are mentality driven to adapt for survival
  7. humanistic approach
    sees world and self in community and how we strive for personal growth
  8. psychodynamic
    • actions driven (aggressively) by instinctual motives to survives
    • sex, hunger, shelter
    • internal conflicts like sex = aggression towards environment
  9. (development of psychology)
    Behaviorism
    • Watson Skinner
    • studies behavior through learning principles
    • Operant and classical conditioning
  10. (development of psychology)
    Functionalism
    • Eichener Wundt/James
    • Minds work when adapting to environment
    • Natural
  11. (development of psychology)
    Structuralism
    • James/Tichener Wundt
    • Conscious experience and its structure
    • experimental introspection
  12. (development of psychology)
    Psychoanalysis
    • Freud
    • conflicts are in mind, unexpressed sexual
    • Explain personality and behavior --> develop techniques to treat mental disorders
    • Therapy/individual cases
  13. (development of psychology)
    Gestalt
    • Kofka, Wertimer, Kohler
    • Whole is not equal to the sum of its parts
    • Phi phenomena
  14. Critical thinking questions to ask/consider
    • what am i being asked to believe
    • what evidence is supported to assertion
    • what other evidence is there
    • alternative ways to interpret info
    • evidence for alternatives
    • reasonable conclusions
  15. variable
    factor in experiment that can be moved or manipulated
  16. theory
    statement based on results
  17. hypothesis
    testable, reasonable estimate on an experiment
  18. operational definition
    • how the OP is defined/proceeded
    • statement exact operations used in research
  19. IV
    manipulated for DV
  20. DV
    affected and studied
  21. experimental group
    given the treatment
  22. control group
    baseline, usually neutral, placebo
  23. confound
    uncontrollable variable --> a factor intentionally (or not) affecting DV besides IV
  24. research methods
    • case study
    • experiment
    • survey
    • natural observation
    • correlation
  25. case study
    intense, long study on individual or group
  26. survey
    mass produced physical survey
  27. natural observation
    without interference
  28. correlation
    test of two groups and the effect present
  29. experiment
    manipulation of IV and study of its effects on DV

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