Metro- Worster- HWMI Test I

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Metro- Worster- HWMI Test I
2014-09-14 02:22:07
Music History
Metro HWMI with Dr. Worster Test Review I
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  1. Mass for Christmas Day
    • (b) Kyrie
    • (c) Gloria
    • (d) Gradual: Viderunt omnes
    • (e) Alleluia: Dies sanctificatus
    • (f) Credo
    • (h) Sanctus
    • (i) Agnus Dei
  2. b) Kyrie
    ♫Lord have mercy. Christ have mercy. Lord have mercy. 

    ♫Kyrie's origins > Byzantine processional Litany.

  3. (c) Gloria
    ♫aska: Greater Doxology. 

    ♫formula of praise, Asks for mercy. The priest then prays for everyone there.

  4. (d) Gradual: Viderunt omnes
    ♫ one of two Elaborate chants. Soloist or soloists with responses from choir. 

    ♫ means stair step.

    ♫ Graduals are more melismatic than responories.
  5. Viderunt omnes
  6. (e) Alleluia: Dies sanctificatus
    ♫ one of two Elaborate chants. Soloist or soloists with responses from choir.

    ♫  means praise God. > Hebrew
  7. Dies sanctificatus
  8. (f) Credo
    • ♫ End of the liturgy word concluded with Credo. 
    • ♫ Statement of faith that tells of Jesus' main events in life.
  9. (h) Sanctus
    ♫ happens during offertory.

    ♫ means holy x 3

  10. (i) Agnus Dei
    ♫ follows the lords prayer

    ♫ means lamb of God

    ♫ also adapted from the Byzantine litany.

  11. 4. Chants from Vespers for Christmas Day
    • (a) First Antiphon: Tecum principium and psalm Dixit Dominus
    • (b) Hymn: Christe Redemptor omnium
  12. (a) First Antiphon: Tecum principium and psalm Dixit Dominus
    • ♫ antiphon: is a chant sung at the start and end of a psalm. ♫ from Greek: Sounds returning.
  13. (b) Hymn: Christe Redemptor omniu
  14. Genres and forms of chant
    • ♫ recitation formulas
    • ♫ Psalm tones
    • ♫ Office antiphons
    • ♫ office hymns
    • ♫ antiphonal psalmody in the mass
    • ♫ responsorial psalmody in office and mass
    • ♫ chants of mass ordinary
    • ♫ style and use
  15. Genres and forms of chants: Recitation formulas
    • ♫ recitation formulas
    •      ♬ project words clearly with out           embellishments, syllabic 
    •      ♬ reciting tone A or C 
    •      ♬by a priest 

    ♫ examples Collect, Epistle, Gosple
  16. Genres and forms of chants:  Psalm tones
    • ♫ in the office 
    • ♫ made so they can fit any psalm
    • ♫ one tone for each of the modes
    • ♫ used reciting tone 9th 
    • ♫ each tone has a intonation > rising motive only for the first verse
    • ♫ each tone has a mediant > cadence for the middle of the verse  
    • ♫ each tone has a termination > final cadence for each verse.
    • ♫ the structure of the music reflects that of the text. 
    • ♫ has two statements, second one echos the first 
    • ♫ the last verse is followed by the Lesser Doxology
  17. Lesser Doxology
    ♫ a formula for praise to the trinity, sung to the same psalm tone.
  18. Genres and forms of chants: Office Antiphons
    • ♫ aska canticle
    • ♫ not whole in itself; started and ended with an antiphon
    • ♫ ABB...BBA 
    • ♫ someone being commemorated 
    • ♫ mode  of the antiphon determines the  mode of psalm  tone
  19. Genres and forms of chants: Office hymns
    • ♫ sacred song
    • ♫  strophic 
    • ♫  several stanzas all sung to the same melody 
    • ♫  4 to 7 line stanzas 
    • ♫  contour of moving by seconds and thirds to a peak, then descending to a cadence.
  20. Genres and forms of chants: antiphonal psalmody in the mass
    • ♫ psalmody > singing of the psalms 
    • ♫ introit to antiphon, one psalm versem lesser doxology,  reprise of antiphon, ABB'A. 
    • ♫ more elaborate than office antiphons
  21. Genres and forms of chants: responsorial psalmody in office and mass
    • ♫ OFFICE examples psalms Gregorian chant responsories and the gradual. 
    •      ♬ several forms: respond, verse, full/partial repetition of the respons.
    •      ♬ graduals are more melesmatic than responsories,
    •      ♬ some  the end of the verse repeats or vaires the end of the response. 
    • ♫MASS examples alleluia and Offertory 
    •     ♬alleluia: respond on the word alleulia, psalm verse, repeat respond. 
    •      ♬alleulia is extended on the final syllable by a jubilus. joy beyond words. 
    • ♫ BOTH shortened to one verse with choir response before and after

  22. Genres and forms of chants: chants of the mass of the ordinary
    • ♫Gloria, Credo, Sanctus, Agnues Dei, Kyrie
    • ♫ Gloria and Credo:
    •         ♬have melodies feature recurring motives. no set form. the priest starts, choir finishes.   
    •        ♬sung by choir now days syllabic melodies
    •        ♬ clearer pitch centers and melodies
    • ♫ CREDO: syllabic style, longest text, statement of faith
    • ♫ GLORIA: long text, neumatic.
    • ♫Sanctus and Agnus Dei: Both neumatic mostly. repetition, 
    • ♫ SANCTUS: starts with the word sanctus, 3 times and end with 'hosanna in excelsis' 
    • ♫ AGNUS DEI: prayer 3 times altering the last time AAA, ABA or all three end the same AB CB DB
    • ♫KYRIE: incredibly repetitive. florid, melismas. multiple forms AAA BBB AAA' ; AAA BBB CCC'; ABA CDC EFE'. 
    •      ♬antiphonally 1/2 choirs alternating statments.
  23. Genres and forms of chants: styles and uses
    • ♫ formulas awesome for being easy to memorize, project clearly, applied to many texts. 
    • ♫ antiphons and hymns asses melodic interest.
    • ♫melismatic chants for decorative beauty, jewels, soloists, 
    • ♫ all from psalms Jewish practice
  24. 5. Ascribed to Wipo of Burgundy: Victimae paschali laudes
    • ♫ Wipo was Chaplin of the holy empire
    • ♫ example of sequence
  25. Victimae paschali laudes
  26. 6. Quem queritis in Presepe and Melisma
  27. 6. Quem queritis in Melisma
  28. 7. Hildegard of Bingen:
    • ♫Ordo virtutum: closing chorus, In principio omnes
    • ♫noble family, Germany, prioress of convent. music from her visions, wrote poems,
  29. 7. Hildegard of Bingen: Ordo virtutum
    • ♫ oldest serving drama not attached to the church 1151. 
    • ♫ means the virtues
  30. 8. Bernart de Ventadorn: Can vei la lauzeta mover
  31. 9. Comtessa de Dia: A chantar
  32. 10. Adam de la Halle:

    ♫Jeu de Robin et de Marion: Rondeau, Robins m’aime
  33. Jeu de Robin et de Marion: Rondeau, Robins m’aime
  34. 11. Walther von der Vogelweide:

  35. Palästinalied
  36. 12. Cantiga 159: Non sofre Santa María, from Cantigas de Santa Maria
  37. 13. La quarte estampie royal, from Le manuscript du roi
  38. 14. Organa from Musica enchiriadis
    (a) Tu patris sempiternus es filius(b) Sit gloria domini(c) Rex caeli domine
  39. (a) Tu patris sempiternus es filius
  40. (b) Sit gloria domini
  41. (c) Rex caeli domine