The Birth of Modern America 1865-190

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Author:
dear_cody0423
ID:
282769
Filename:
The Birth of Modern America 1865-190
Updated:
2014-09-11 19:20:27
Tags:
History Pre AP Modern America 1865 1900
Folders:
History
Description:
Miners and Ranchers Farming the Plains Dry Farming Native Americans
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  1. (Miners and Ranchers)
    The West's rich deposits __________, silver, and copper served the needs of growing industries in the East and brought the first wave of settlers that populated the states of the West.
    Gold
  2. (Miners and Ranchers)
    While many Americans were headed to the ________ Mountains to mine gold and silver after the Civil War, others began building vast cattle ranches on the Great Plains.
    Rocky
  3. (Miners and Ranchers)
    A vast area of grassland owned by the government.
    Open Range
  4. (Miners and Ranchers)
    The open range provided land where ranchers could _______ their herds free of charge.
    Graze
  5. (Miners and Ranchers)
    During the Civil War eastern cattle were killed in huge numbers to _____ the armies of the Union and Confederacy.
    Feed
  6. (Miners and Ranchers)
    By the 1860's railroads had reached the Great Plains, ranchers and livestock dealers realized if they could round up the longhorns and drve several hundred miles north to the railroad, they could be sold for a huge _____ and shipped east to market.
    Profit
  7. (Miners and Ranchers)
    The first successful attempt at a cattle drive
    long drive
  8. (Miners and Ranchers)
    Some cattle went straight to the _____ while others were sold to ranchers who were building up their herds.
    Slaughterhouse
  9. (Miners and Ranchers)
    Used to fence in cattle
    Barbed Wire
  10. (Miners and Ranchers)
    This _____ the long drives since the cattle were in an enclosed area easy to round up.
    disended
  11. (Farming the Plains)
    The construction of the _____ is an important factor in the settlement of the Great Plains.
    Railroads.
  12. (Farming the Plains)
    Laws that gave an applicant ownership of land.
    Homestead Act.
  13. (Farming the Plains)
    For a $10 registration fee, and individual could file for a homestead- tract of ______ land available for settlement.
    Public
  14. (Farming the Plains)
    The Homestead Act provided a _____ method for settlers to acuire clear title to property in the West.
    legal
  15. (Farming the Plains)
    Many _____ and new farming methods revolutionized agriculture.
    Inventions
  16. (Farming the Plains)
    Plant seeds deep in the ground where there was enough moisture for them to grow.
    Dry Farming
  17. (Farming the Plains)
    These new machines made _____ farming possible.
    Dry
  18. (Farming the Plains)
    Many sodbusters, those who plowed the soil on the Plains, eventually _____ their homesteads through drought, wind erosion, and overuse of the land.
    Lost
  19. (Farming the Plains)
    Some farmers tried to make it through by _____ their land taking bank loans based on the value of their property.
    Mortgaging
  20. (Native Americans)
    Some lived in _____ as farmers and hunters and some were nomads who roamed the land following their main source of food the buffalo.
    Communities
  21. (Native Americans)
    People who roamed the land following their main source of food, the buffalo.
    Nomads
  22. (Native Americans)
    Native Americans resisted by _____ wagon trains, stagecoaches, and ranches.
    attacking
  23. (Native Americans)
    Payments to reservations dwellers, once per year.
    Annuities
  24. (Native Americans)
    These _____ often made up stories that dept was owed to them by the Dakota and took their money.
    Traders
  25. (Native Americans)
    The Dakota were _____ and asked traders if they could get food on a loan.
    Starving
  26. (Native Americans)
    _____ Dakota's were sentenced to death but President Lincoln reduced the number to 38.
    307
  27. (Native Americans)
    Congress formed the Indian Peace Commission which proposed creating two large ______ on the Plains.
    Reservations
  28. (Native Americans)
    Congress formed two large reservations on the Plains.
    Indian Peace Commission
  29. (Native American)
    The army would be given ______ to deal with any groups who refused to report or remain in there territory.
    Authority
  30. (Native Americans)
    The Lakota saw no reason why they should abide by a treaty that American settlers were _____.
    Violating
  31. (Native Americans)
    The government responded by sending a _____ commanded by General Alfred Terry.
    Expedition
  32. (Native Americans)
    Custer Launched a three-pronged attack in broad daylight on one of the _____ groups of Native American Warriors.
    Largest
  33. (Native Americans)
    The Native American warriors first beat the cavalry from the south and turned on Custer and his 210 men and  ______ them all.
    Killed
  34. (Native Americans)
    This policy became ______ in 1887 when Congress passed the Dawes Act.
    Law
  35. (Native Americans)
    Allotted each head of household 160 acres of reservation land for farming.
    Dawes Act.
  36. (Native Americans)
    Some Native Americans succeeded as farmers or ranchers but some ______ to see their reservation split up.
    Hated.

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