2014 Semester 2 ITM

Card Set Information

2014 Semester 2 ITM
2014-09-14 08:53:30

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  1. What type of graphics are there?
    Bitmap and Vector
  2. what's BITMAP?
    Graphics made up of pixels in a grid
  3. What's Vector?
    Graphics made up of lines and shapes
  4. Common bitmap formats?
    • BMP
    • GIF
    • JPEG
    • JPG
    • PNG
    • PICT (Macintosh)
    • PCX
    • TIFF
    • PSD (Adobe Photshop)
  5. Common Vector formats?
    • AI (Adobe Illustrator)
    • SWF (Flash)
    • DXF AutoCAD
  6. Lossless?
    A compression format where you don't lose quality because the quality is stored for later
  7. Lossy?
    Lossy is a compression type that you do lose quality, the quality is thrown away when you compress
  8. Lossy formats?
    JPEG images, MPEG video/sound
  9. Lossless formats?
    GIF images, lossless WMA
  10. Image resolution refers to?
    The detail an image holds. Higher resolution means more image detail
  11. Colour depth is also referred to as...?
    Bit depth
  12. What is bit depth?
    A computer graphics term describing the number of bits used to represent the colour of a single pixel in a bitmapped image.
  13. Higher colour depth does what?
    Gives a broader range of distinct colour.
  14. One bit represents?
    One pixel
  15. Each pixel has colour and tone, what effect does this have?
    The more colour and tones an image has, the greater the bit depth.
  16. What is the processor speed?
    Processor speed measures (in megahertz or gigahertz; MHz or GHz) the number of instructions per second the computer executes.
  17. What is RAM?
    • RAM stands for Random Access Memory.
    • It is made up of small memory chips that form a memory molecule. Every time a program is opened, it gets loaded from the hard drive into the RAM. Reading data from the RAM is much faster than reading date from the hard drive.
  18. Define Graphics card
    A printed circuit board that controls the output to a display screen.
  19. What is a digital camera?
    A digital camera is a camera that takes video or still photographs, or both, digitally by recording images via an electronic image sensor.
  20. What is an analog camera?
    An analog camera is one that uses film rather than some type of electronic sensor, such as a charge-coupled device (CCD) or a complementary metal oxide semiconductor chip (CMOS).
  21. What are the types of storyboards?
    • Linear
    • Non-linear
    • hierarchical
    • composite
  22. What is a linear storyboard?
    • Eg: A short film in order of sequence of events.
    • Definition:
  23. Define ergonomics
    Scientific discipline concerned with the understandings, designing and arranging of things so that people can use them safely and easily.
  24. What is a non-linear storyboard?
    • Eg: Websites 
    • A non-linear storyboard has no particular structure; the user moves between different sections in any direction.
  25. What is a hierarchical storyboard?
    A hierarchical layout is used to define a series of levels and sub levels. This approach is referred to as top down design.
  26. What is a composite storyboard?
    • Eg: Games
    • A combination of the other storyboards
  27. What is storage?
    a technology consisting of computer components and recording media used to retain digital data.
  28. What is the motherboard?
    The motherboard is the main circuit board of your computer and is also known as the mainboard or logic board. Each motherboard has a collection of chips and controllers known as the chipset.
  29. Different screen types:
    LCD screen, plasma, rear projection, Digital Light Processing (DLP)
  30. Define sound cards
    a device which can be slotted into a computer to allow the use of audio components for multimedia applications.
  31. Define keyboard
    a panel of keys that operate a computer or typewritter
  32. Define mouse
    A small handheld device which is moved across a mat or flat surface to move the cursor on a computer screen.
  33. Internal and external storage devices
    • USB
    • compact disc
    • digital video disc
    • hard drives
  34. List aspects of design
    • functionality
    • aesthetics
    • factors determining appropriateness of design: -economics
    • environment
    • manufacturing techniques
    • sustainability
    • decoration
    • anthropometrics and ergonomics

    • material suitability
    • selection
  35. WHS stands for and list things
    • Work Health and safety
    • signage
    • WHS principles and requirements
    • personal protective equipment
    • safe working practices
    • first aid
    • materials handling
  36. Define output devices
    (output device) electronic or electromechanical equipment connected to a computer and used to transfer data out of the computer in the form of text, images, sounds, or other media
  37. Define input devices
    (input device) data input device: a device that can be used to insert data into a computer or other computational device
  38. What is authoring?
    Authoring is the process of combining materials such as video, graphics, sound, animation, documents, and files into a format suitable for viewing on the appropriate device. Such devices include DVD players, computers, and the internet.
  39. Appropriate software for publishing?
    • disk- Macromedia director
    • internet- dreamweaver, microsoft front page
    • video/film- adobe photoshop
    • paper- MS word
  40. Technical factors include...?
    • Tools
    • Equipment/plant
    • Production techniques eg. Mass production, mechanisation, specialisatoin.
  41. Structural factors include...?
    • Marketing and Sales
    • Organisation
    • Production
    • Workplace Environment
  42. Environmental Factors include...?
    • Recycle/Reuse
    • Resources, alternative and limitations
    • Pollution
    • Government Legislation
  43. Sociological factors include...?
    • Workplace Cultures
    • Issues relating to a business
    • Role of a business in Focus Industry
  44. WHS includes...?
    • Safe Working Practices
    • Signage
    • Personal Protective Equipment
    • WHS Principles and Requirements
    • Materials Handling
  45. Personnel Issues?
    • Industrial Relations
    • Entry level training requirements
    • Roles of Industry personnel in the focus industry
    • Pay and wages
    • Holiday rights
    • discrimination
    • unions
    • unfair dismissal
  46. Things relating to sociological effects are?
    Pollution, technological change, companies restructuring and so on affecting the quality of life.
  47. How do sociological problems affect people?
    • POLLUTION can have serious adverse affects on people's health.
    • Air pollution can lead to breathing difficulties and asthma
    • noise pollution interrupts sleep
    • effluent (liquid waste or sewage discharged into a river or the sea) entering waterways poisons fish and wildlife that, when eaten, will affect the health of humans. 
    • Technological change and restructuring leads to staff redundancy, workers needing to be retained, lifestyle changes and unemployment.
  48. Organisation - Three types of businesses?
    • Sole Traders
    • Partnerships
    • Companies
  49. Advantages and Disadvantages of sole traders
    • Adv:
    • Small organisation
    • Low cost
    • Receives all profits

    • Disadv:
    • unlimited liability
    • high risk
  50. Advantages and Disadvantages of Partnerships?
    • Adv:
    • Reduces time
    • Share workload
    • Easier to borrow money due to larger capital base.

    • Disadv:
    • Each partner is equally liable and responsible
  51. Disadvantages and Advantages of companies?
    • Adv: 
    • Limited Liability for all shareholders
    • More capital available
    • company can afford to hire specialists

    • Disadv:
    • Division between ownership and management
    • shareholders rarely participate in decision making
  52. Marketing plan is made up of?
    • Market research
    • Marketing gross
    • Marketing strategies
    • monitor and control ($$)
  53. Marketing and advertising can be broadcasted through?
    • radio
    • television
    • junkmail
    • bilboards
    • magazines
    • youtube
  54. Prod. and efficiency cycle?
    • PROFIT
  55. Efficiency plan?
    Input --> Time, energy, materials --> output

    • v
    • More input, more output vice versa.
  56. Why do businesses need to restructure?
    • The emergency of new technologies
    • the need to attract investment
    • environmental considerations
    • changes in a workplace culture
    • the necessity to reduce costs and improve profits
  57. Industrial relations include?
    • Equity/EEO (equal employment opportunity)
    • Unions
    • Group negotiated contracts
    • individual contracts
    • career and training opportunities
    • specialisation and multi-skilling
    • roles of industry personnel
    • work practices
  58. Two new laws for WHS?
    • Work Health and Safety Act 2011
    • Work Health and Safety regulation 2011
  59. the Anti-discrimination Act of 1977 provides protection for workers who are...?
    • Women
    • Aboriginal people and Torres Straight Islanders
    • Members of racial, ethnic, and ethno-religious minority groups
    • People with a disability
  60. What's an EIS?
    • An EIS is an environmental impact study
    • it will detail the potential effects of a development on the physical and social environment. 
    • They should assess the existing site and conditions and evaluate the anticipated impacts on the flora, fauna, economy, historical and social factors of the new development.
  61. Mass production includes
    The large-scale production of goods in factories.

    • Standardisation of parts
    •               V
    • Division of labour
    •               V
    • Development of machinery
    •               V
    • Successful production process to integrate machine and human tasks.
  62. Advantages of mass production
    • Efficiency of production: less time is taken to produce goods.
    • 'economies of scale' : cheaper to make products in large quantities. 
    • workers only need to be trained in one or two tasks.
  63. disadvantages of mass production
    • Boredom for the workers
    • occupational overuse syndrom (RSI)
    • Low job satisfaction
    • large stock piles of finished goods waiting to be sold
  64. Advantages of specialisation and generalisation
    • Specialist workers become quicker at producing goods.
    • Production becomes cheaper per good because of this.
    • Production levels are increased.
    • Each worker can concentrate on what they are good at and build up their expertise.
  65. Disadvantages of specialisation and generalisation
    • Greater costs of training workers
    • Quality may suffer if workers become bored by the lack of variety in their jobs
    • Workers may eventually be replaced by machines.
    • Workers quality and skills may suffer.