Like a train made up of a chain of cars, a _____ is made of identical building blocks called _____
linked by ______ _____
All polymers are assembled by _____ ___ and broken down by _______
(simple sugars) are the monomers from which more complex carbs are built
2 monosaccharides joined by a covalent bond
made up of many monomer building blocks
The formula of Glucose
is a simple aldosic monosaccharide found in plants. It is one of the three dietary monosaccharides, along with fructose and galactose, that are absorbed directly into the bloodstream during digestion
are an important class of biological polymers. Their function in living organisms is usually either structure- or storage-related.
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monomers linked together by covalent bond
A type of strong chemical bond in which two atoms share one or more pairs of valence electrons
An extensively branched glucose storage polysaccharide found in the liver and muscle of animals; the animal equivalent of starch.
A polymer of may monosaccharaides, formed by dehydration reactions.
The simplest carbohydrate, active alone or serving as a monomer for disaccharides and polysaccharides. Also known as simple sugars, monosaccharaides have molecular formulas that are generally some multiple of CH2O.
A structural polysaccharide, consisting of amino sugar monomers, found in many fungal cell walls and in the exoskeletons of all arthropods.