Nutritionally, fungi are described as ______ chemoheterotrophs.
Mycology is the study of ____.
Carolus Linnaeus assigned a two-part name consisting of the genus and species to all organisms; this "two name-naming" is called binomial _____.
Injecting the mild ____ virus into people to build up immunity against the deadly smallpox virus is an example of the procedure called vaccination, discovered by Edward Jenner.
Kingdom ____ includes organisms with chitin cell walls.
Robert Hooke first used the term "____" in a biological way, while observing thin slices of cork under a microscope.
The blue-green mold ____ was the original source of the first major antibiotic, penicillin.
____ is the study of fungi.
The genus part of the scientific name is a Latin ____ (part of speech)
The genus ____ includes hardy bacteria that can digest unusual foods such as crude oil, antiseptics, disinfectants, and antibiotics.
Kingdom ____ includes protozoans, slime molds, and algae.
Lyme disease is transmitted by the bite of an infected ____ tick.
Domain ____ includes the single kingdom Archaebaceria.
Viruses and large molecules such as proteins and nucleic acids are measured in units called ____ (nm).
Rhizobium(found in the root nodules of plants called legumes) changes N2into NH3 and then into nitrates and/or nitrites in process called ____.
DNA ____ is a procedure used to measure how similar the DNA is between two species.
In 1665, Robert ____ is credited with coining the term "cell" while observing a thin slice of cork under a microscope.
Bacteriology is the study of ____, which are organisms with prokaryotic cells.
_____'s Manual of Determinative Bacteriology organizes bacteria by observable or testable traits so they can be identified.
Antonie von _____ discovered microscopic pond water organisms he called "wee beasties;" he also used his microscope to see his own blood cells, bacteria from his tooth tarter, and even his sperm swimming!
Domain Bacteria includes the single kingdom ____.
Plant cell walls are composed of the polysaccharide ____.
The small size of cell helps to maximize the surface area to ____ ratio.
Joseph ____ applied the germ theory of disease to medical procedures and developed aseptic technique; soaking surgical instruments and dressings in carbolic acid (phenol) killed bacteria in wounds.
____ is a form of symbiosis where one partner of the relationship benefits, and the other parter (called the host) is harmed in some way.
Alexander ____ discovered first major antibiotic, named penicillin.
____ is a form of symbiosis where both partners benefit from the relationship.
Injecting the mild cowpox virus into people to build up immunity against the deadly ____ virus is an example of the procedure called vaccination, discovered by Edward Jenner.
____ DNA technology (or genetic engineering) has enabled us to produce human insulin and human growth hormone in bacteria.
The Cell Theory states that cells are the structural, ____, and reproductive units of life.
Cells are measured in metric units called ____ (μm)
____ technique was developed by Joseph Lister; involves killing bacteria on surgical instruments and wound dressings with phenol (carbolic acid).
Protists, fungi, plants and animals all have ____ cells, containing a membrane-found nucleus.
The first major antibiotic discovered was ____, produced by a blue-green mold "contaminating" bacterial cultures being studied by Alexander Fleming.
For Escherichia coli, coliis the _____.
Carolus Linnaeus assigned a two-part name consisting of the genus and species to all organisms; this "two name-naming" is called ____ nomenclature.
Many microbes are involved in the ____ process, recycling atoms from dead organisms back into the ecosystem.
In genetic engineering, human genes for insulin or growth hormone are combined with a small loop of bacterial DNA called a ____; when the recombinant DNA is inserted into a bacterium, it begins to produce the desired protein.
___ means "before a nucleus."
Carolus ____ is the "Father or Taxonomy" who started the biological classification system still in used today.
Cell walls of fungi are composed of the polysaccharide _____.
____ provides the genetic instructions for all cells.
Enzymes are biological ___ that speed up chemical reactions within cells.
____ is the study of protozoans, such as Amoeba.
A _____ is a "partnership" between two different organisms; it may benefit one or both.
Some bacteria are capable of ____; using sunlight energy to combine carbon dioxide and water into glucose, and also release oxygen as a by-product.
Louis ____ disproved spontaneous generation with his famous swan-neck flask experiment; he also showed that living test cause fermentation of grapes into wine, and that bacteria can "spoil" the wine by further breaking down the alcohol into acid.
Aseptic technique was developed by Joseph Lister; involves killing bacteria on surgical instruments and wound dressings with ____ (carbolic acid)
Grouping organisms in a classification system should indicate the amount of ____ relatedness.
Recombinant DNA technology (or genetic engineering) has enabled us to produce human insulin and human ___ ____ in bacteria
In 1969, Robert ____ proposed a 5 kingdom classification system based on cell type, body form and mode of nutrition.
A major ecological importance of microbes is that they form the base of ___ chains and ___ webs in nature.
____ disease is transmitted by the bite of an infected deer tick.
Recombinant DNA technology (or genetic engineering) has enabled us to produce human ___ and human growth hormone in bacteria
The small size of cell helps to maximize the ___ ___ to volume ratio.
One use of bacteria in bioremediation is during _____ treatment, providing safe drinking water.
Using microbes to help clean up oil spills and treat sewage are example of ____.
In order to manufacture new parts, cells must be able to obtain and use ____.
The species part of a scientific name is a Latin _____ (part of speech).
____ is the newest classification category, higher than kingdom; There are three of these, Archaea, Bacteria and Eukarya.
Rudolf Virchow was the first person to witness ___ ___ under the microscope.
Koch's postulates provides a _____ (a sequence of experimental steps) to determine which microbe causes a specific disease.
Injecting the mild cowpox virus into people to build up immunity against the deadly smallpox virus is an example of the procedure called _____, discovered by Edward Jenner.
A scientific name is composed of two parts; the genus and ____.
In the 1700's, Carolus Linnaeus based his classification system in ____ because it was a non changing 'dead' language, all educated people of the day studied it, and many other languages are based in it.
The process by which living yeast cells turn glucose into alcohol is called _____.
Rudolf Vichow was the first person to witness a cell dividing into two cells' proposed the theory of ____ saying cells come from pre-existing cells.
An agricultural application of our knowledge of nitrogen-fixation is called ___ ___.
Kingdom ____ includes muticellular, eukaryotic organisms with cellulose cell walls that are photoautorophs.
Hybrid DNA is composed of two strands from different species' the fewer hydrogen bonds holding them together, the ___ genetic relatedness there is between the two species.
Domain Archaea contains the single kingdom____.
The erroneous belief of ___ ___ was finally disproved by Louis Pasteur and his famous swan-neck flask experiment.
The ___ ___ ___ ___ states that microbes cause disease; at first, this was actually hard for people to believe because they thought disease was punishment from God.
Germ Theory of Diease
Antonie von Leeuwenhoek referred to the myriad legumes where it changes N2 into NH3 and then into ____ and/or nitrites in a process called nitrogen-fixation
ATP is the ____ storage molecule of all cells.
Microbiology is the study of _____ (sometimes called microorganisms) that can only be seen well with a microscope.
The plural of genus is ____.
Members of kingdom Animalia have eukaryotic cells without a cell wall, are muticellular, and are ____ chemoheterotrophs.
The Cell Theory states that cells are the structural, functional, and ____ units of life.
Nutritionally, plants are described as ___ because they use sunlight energy to build carbon compounds from CO2.
Because Pseudomonascan digest crude oil, it can be used to help bioremediation of ___ ___.
Protozoology is they study of ____, such as Amoeba.
For Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcusis the ____.
____ (genus) (lives in the root nodules of plants legumes) where it changes N2 into NH3 and then into nitrates and/or nitrites in process called nitrogen-fixation.
Rhizobium (lives in the root nodules of plants _____) where it changes N2 into NH3 and then into nitrates and/or nitrites in process called nitrogen-fixation.
_____ is a form of symbiosis where one partner of the relationship benefits, while the other partner is neither helped nor harmed.
The process of briefly heating alcohol to kill off spoilage bacteria is called _____.
The Cell Theory states that cells are the ______, functional, and reproductive units of life.
_____ is the study of microbes (sometimes called microorganisms) that can only be seen well with a microscope.
____ is the study of disease.
Rhizobium (lives in the root nodules of plants legumes) where it changes N2 into NH3 and then into nitrates and/or ____ in process called nitrogen-fixation.
Prokaryotic means "before a ____" and eukaryotic means "true or good ____"
Robert ____ came up with a protocol (a sequence of experimental steps) to determine which microbe causes a specific disease.
During the DNA hybridization procedure, ____ enzymes are used to cut separate strands of DNA into short pieces.
The ___ ___ states that cells are the structural, functional, and reproductive units of life.
Joseph Lisster applied the germ theory of disease to ____ procedures and developed aseptic technique; soaking surgical instruments and dressings in carbolic acid (phenol) killed bacteria in wounds.
The ____ is the partner that is harmed in a parasitic symbiosis.
___ are biological catalysts that speed up chemical reactions in cells.
Domain ____ includes kingdoms Protista, Fungi, Plantae, and Animalia.
The Germ Theory of Disease emerged during the ___ ___ of microbiology (from 1860 to 1920) due to many discoveries about microbes and diseases.
The ___ ___ (or black death) epidemic of 1350 resulted in the death of 1 out of ever 2 Europeans.
____ is the area of microbiology that studies bacteria.
Rudolf _____ was the first person to witness a cell dividing into two cells' proposed the theory of biogenesis saying cells come from pre-existing cells.
___ is the energy storage molecule of all cells.
Robert Whittaker's 1969 kingdom ___ was eventually divided into two kingdoms, Archaebateria and Bacteria.
___ is the study of viruses.
Phycology is the study of ____.
Koch's ____ provided a protocol (a sequence of experimental steps) to determine which microbe causes a specific disease.
Edward ___ discovered vaccines as prevention for disease.
Members of kingdom ____ have eukaryotic cells without a cell wall, are multicellular , and are ingestive chemoheterotrophs.
Louis Pasteur's famous ___-neck flasks were a critical part of his experiment to finally disprove spontaneous generation.
Hybrid DNA is composed of two strands from different species; the more hydrogen bonds holding them together, the ____ genetic relatedness there is between the two species.
The study of parasites is ____.
The study of how the body defends itself against invaders is ____.