SOCY 151- Chapter 2

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HPizir
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282850
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SOCY 151- Chapter 2
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2014-09-18 20:31:16
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SOCY 151- Chapter 2
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  1. The ways of thinking, the ways of acting, and the material objects that together form people's way of life
    Culture
  2. The ideas created by members of a society
    Nonmaterial Culture
  3. The physical things created by members of a society
    Material Culture
  4. People who interact to a defined territory and share a culture
    Society
  5. Personal disorientation when experiencing an unfamiliar way of life
    Culture Shock
  6. Anything that carries a particular meaning recognized by people who share a culture
    Symbol
  7. A system of symbols that allows people to communicate with one another
    Language
  8. The process by which one generation passes culture to the next
    Cultural Transmission
  9. The idea that people see and understand the world through the cultural lens of language
    Sapir-Whorf Thesis
  10. Culturally defined standards that people use to decide what is desirable, good, and beautiful and that serve as a broad guidelines for social living
    Values
  11. Specific ideas that people hold to be true
    Beliefs
  12. Rules and expectations by which a society guides the behavior of its members
    Norms
  13. Norms that are widely observed and have great moral significance
    Mores
  14. Norms for routine or casual interaction
    Folkways
  15. Attempts by society to regulate people's thought and behavior
    Social Control
  16. knowledge that people use to make a way of life in their surroundings
    Technology
  17. The use of simple tools to hunt animals and gather vegetation for food
    Hunting and Gathering
  18. The use of hand tools to raise crops
    Horticulture
  19. The domestication of animals
    Pastorialism
  20. Large-scale cultivation using plows harnessed to animals or more powerful energy sources
    Agriculture
  21. The production of goods using advanced sources of energy to drive large machinery
    Industry
  22. The production of information using computer technology
    Postindustrialism
  23. Cultural patterns that distinguish a society's elite
    High culture
  24. Cultural patterns that are widespread among a society's population
    Subculture
  25. Cultural patterns that strongly oppose those widely accepted within a society
    Counterculture
  26. A perspective recognizing the cultural diversity of the United States and promoting equal standing for all cultural traditions
    Multiculturalism
  27. The dominance of European cultural patterns
    Eurocentrism
  28. Emphasizing and promoting African Cultural Patterns
    Afrocentrism
  29. The close relationships among various elements of a cultural systems
    Cultural Intergration
  30. The fact that some cultural elements change more quickly than others, disrupting a cultural system
    Cultural Lag
  31. The practice of judging another culture by the sandards of one's own culture
    Ethnocentrism
  32. The practice of judging a culture by its own standards
    Cultural Relativism
  33. Traits that are part of every known culture
    Cultural univerals
  34. The personal traits and social positions that members of a society attach to being female or male
    Gender
  35. A theoretical approach that explores ways in which human biology affects how we create culture
    Sociobiology
  36. Ancient Greek Civilization
    Culture
  37. Peace Sign
    Symbol
  38. French, Spanish, English...
    Language
  39. Heirlooms, folktales, religion
    Cultural transmission
  40. Honesty, Responsibility, Loyalty
    values
  41. Pro-Life, Marriage before sex
    Beliefs
  42. Adultery, Murder, Rape
    mores
  43. difference between right and wrong
    Mores
  44. hygiene, eating with proper utensils, eye contact, shaking someones hand
    Folkways
  45. Drink+Drive=Get arrested
    Social Control
  46. 5 star restaurants, ballet, opera, private jet
    high culture
  47. style fads, fast food, sports, music
    "pop" culture
  48. preps, jocks, nerds, goths
    Subculture
  49. hippies, amish, terrorists
    Counterculture
  50. immigration (melting pot)
    Multiculturalism
  51. Speaking English
    Eurocentrism
  52. African American history month
    Afrocentrism
  53. Women today are more likely to work and go to school, but will change marrying age
    Cultural integration
  54. Family
    cultural lag
  55. holds that people perceive the world through the cultural lens of language
    sapir-whorf thesis

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