Seven- Step method

Card Set Information

Author:
hscott1125
ID:
282883
Filename:
Seven- Step method
Updated:
2014-09-13 02:30:46
Tags:
ClassA
Folders:

Description:
http://apps.dmv.ca.gov/pubs/comlhdbk/comlhdbk.pdf
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user hscott1125 on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. Step1: Vehicle Overview
    Review last vehicle inspection report
  2. Step 2: Check Engine Compartment

    Check that the parking brakes are on and/or wheels chocked.You may have to raise the hood, tilt the cab (secure loose things so they do not fall and break something), or open the engine compartment door.
    • Engine oil level
    • Coolant level in radiator; condition of hoses.
    • Power steering fluid level; hose condition (if so equipped).
    • Windshield washer fluid level.
    • Battery fluid level, connections and tie downs (battery may be located elsewhere).
    • Automatic transmission fluid level (may require engine to be running).
    • Check belts for tightness and excessive wear (alternator, water pump, air compressor)--learn how much “give” the belts should have when adjusted right, and check each one.
    • Coolant level in radiator; condition of hoses.
    • Power steering fluid level; hose condition (if so equipped).
    • Windshield washer fluid level.
    • Battery fluid level, connections and tie downs (battery may be located elsewhere).
    • Automatic transmission fluid level (may require engine to be running).
    • Check belts for tightness and excessive wear (alternator, water pump, air compressor)--learn how much “give” the belts should have when adjusted right, and check each one.
  3. Step 3: Start Engine and Inspect Inside the Cab

    Get in and start Engine
    • Make sure parking brake is on.
    • Put gearshift in neutral (or “park” if automatic).
    • Start engine; listen for unusual noises.
    • If equipped, check the Anti-lock Braking System (ABS) indicator lights. Light on dash should come on and then turn off. If it stays on the ABS is not working properly. For trailers only, if the yellow light on the left rear of the trailer stays on, the ABS is not working properly.
  4. Step 3: Start Engine and Inspect Inside the Cab

    Look at the Gauges
    • Oil pressure. Pressure should come up to normal within seconds after engine is started. See Figure 2.5
    • Air pressure. Pressure should build from 50 to 90 psi within 3 minutes. Build air pressure to governor cut-out (usually around 120 – 140 psi. Know your vehicles requirements.
    • Ammeter and/or voltmeter. Should be in normal range(s).
    • Coolant temperature. Should begin gradual rise to normal operating range.
    • Engine oil temperature. Should begin gradual rise to normal operating range.
    • Warning lights and buzzers. Oil, coolant, charging circuit warning, and antilock brake system lights should go out right away.
  5. Step 3: Start Engine and Inspect Inside the Cab

    Check Condition of Controls
    • Steering wheel.
    • Clutch.
    • Accelerator (“gas pedal”).
    • Brake controls:— Foot brake.— Trailer brake (if vehicle has one).— Parking brake.— Retarder controls (if vehicle has them).
    • Transmission controls.
    • Inter-axle differential lock (if vehicle has one).
    • Horn(s).
    • Windshield wiper/washer.
    • Lights: — Headlights.— Dimmer switch.— Turn signal.— Four-way flashers.— Parking, clearance, identification, marker switch(es).
  6. Step 3: Start Engine and Inspect Inside the Cab

    Check Mirrors and Windshield
    Inspect mirrors and windshield for cracks, dirt, illegal stickers, or other obstructions to seeing clearly. Clean and adjust as necessary
  7. Step 3: Start Engine and Inspect Inside the Cab

    Check Emergency Equipment
    • Spare electrical fuses (unless vehicle has circuit breakers).
    • Three red reflective triangles, 6 fuses or 3 liquid burning flares.
    • Properly charged and rated fire extinguisher.
    • Check for optional items such as:
    • Chains (where winter conditions require).
    • Tire changing equipment.
    • List of emergency phone numbers.
    • Accident reporting kit (packet).
  8. Step 3: Start Engine and Inspect Inside the Cab

    Check Safety Belt
    Check that the safety belt is securely mounted, adjusts, and latches properly and is not ripped or frayed.
  9. Step 4: Turn off Engine and Check Lights
    Make sure the parking brake is set, turn off the engine, and take the key with you. Turn on headlights (low beams) and four-way emergency flashers, and get out of the vehicle.
  10. Step 5: Do Walk Around Inspection
    • Go to front of vehicle and check that low beams are on and both of the four-way flashers are working.
    • Push dimmer switch and check that high beams work.
    • Turn off headlights and four-way emergency flashers.
    • Turn on parking, clearance, side-marker, and identification lights.
    • Turn on right turn signal, and start walk-around inspection.
  11. Step 5: Do Walk Around Inspection

    General
    • Walk around and inspect.
    • Clean all lights, reflectors, and glass as you go along.
  12. Step 5: Do Walk Around Inspection

    Left Front Side
    • Driver’s door glass should be clean.
    • Door latches or locks should work properly
  13. Step 5: Do Walk Around Inspection

    Left Front Wheel
    • Condition of wheel and rim--missing, bent, broken studs, clamps, lugs, or any signs of misalignment.
    • Condition of tires--properly inflated, valve stem and cap OK, no serious cuts, bulges, or tread wear.
    • Use wrench to test rust-streaked lug nuts, indicating looseness.
    • Hub oil level OK, no leaks.
  14. Step 5: Do Walk Around Inspection

    Left Front Suspension
    • Condition of spring, spring hangers, shackles, u-bolts.
    • Shock absorber condition.
  15. Step 5: Do Walk Around Inspection

    Left Front Brake
    • Condition of brake drum or disc.
    • Condition of hoses.
  16. Step 5: Do Walk Around Inspection

    Front
    • Condition of front axle.
    • Condition of steering system: — No loose, worn, bent, damaged or missing parts.— Must grab steering mechanism to test for looseness.
  17. Step 5: Do Walk Around Inspection

    Condition of Windshield
    • Check for damage and clean if dirty.
    • Check windshield wiper arms for proper spring tension.
    • Check wiper blades for damage, “stiff” rubber, and securement.
  18. Step 5: Do Walk Around Inspection

    Lights and Reflectors
    • Parking, clearance, and identification lights clean, operating, and proper color (amber at front).
    • Reflectors clean and proper color (amber at front).
    • Right front turn signal light clean, operating, and proper color (amber or white on signals facing forward).
  19. Step 5: Do Walk Around Inspection

    Right Side
    • Right front: check all items as done on left front.
    • Primary and secondary safety cab locks engaged (if cab-over-engine design).

    Right fuel tank(s): — Securely mounted, not damaged, or leaking.— Fuel crossover line secure.— Tank(s) contain enough fuel.— Cap(s) on and secure
  20. Step 5: Do Walk Around Inspection

    Condition of Visible Parts
    • Rear of engine—not leaking.
    • Transmission—not leaking.
    • Exhaust system—secure, not leaking, not touching wires, fuel, or air lines.
    • Frame and cross members—no bends or cracks.
    •  Air lines and electrical wiring—secured against snagging, rubbing, wearing.
    • Spare tire carrier or rack not damaged (if so equipped).
    • Spare tire and/or wheel securely mounted in rack.
    • Spare tire and wheel adequate (proper size, properly inflated).
  21. Step 5: Do Walk Around Inspection

    Cargo Securement (Trucks)
    • Cargo properly blocked, braced, tied, chained, etc.
    • Header board adequate, secure (if required).
    • Side boards, stakes strong enough, free of damage, properly set in place (if so equipped).
    • Canvas or tarp (if required) properly secured to prevent tearing, billowing, or blocking of mirrors. 
    • If oversize, all required signs (flags, lamps, and reflectors) safely and properly mounted and all required permits in driver’s possession.
    • Curbside cargo compartment doors in good condition, securely closed, latched/locked and required security seals in place.
  22. Step 5: Do Walk Around Inspection

    Right Rear
    • Condition of wheels and rims—no missing, bent, or broken spacers, studs, clamps, or lugs.
    • Condition of tires—properly inflated, valve stems and caps OK, no serious cuts, bulges, tread wear, tires not rubbing each other, and nothing stuck between them.
    • Tires same type, e.g., not mixed radial and bias types.
    • Tires evenly matched (same sizes).
    • Wheel bearing/seals not leaking
  23. Step 5: Do Walk Around Inspection

    Suspension
    • Condition of wheels and rims—no missing, bent, or broken spacers, studs, clamps, or lugs.
    • Condition of tires—properly inflated, valve stems and caps OK, no serious cuts, bulges, tread wear, tires not rubbing each other, and nothing stuck between them.
    • Tires same type, e.g., not mixed radial and bias types.
    • Tires evenly matched (same sizes).
    • Wheel bearing/seals not leaking
  24. Step 5: Do Walk Around Inspection

    Brakes
    • Brake adjustment.
    • Condition of brake drum(s) or discs.
    • Condition of hoses—look for any wear due to rubbing
  25. Step 5: Do Walk Around Inspection

    Lights and Reflectors
    • Side-marker lights clean, operating, and proper color (red at rear, others amber).
    • Side-marker reflectors clean and proper color (red at rear, others amber).
  26. Step 5: Do Walk Around Inspection

    Rear
    • Lights and reflectors: — Rear clearance and identification lights clean, operating, and proper color (red at rear).— Reflectors clean and proper color (red at rear).— Taillights clean, operating, and proper color (red at rear).— Right rear turn signal operating, and proper color (red, yellow, or amber at rear).
    • License plate(s) present, clean, and secured.
    • Splash guards present, not damaged, properly fastened, not dragging on ground, or rubbing tires.
    • Cargo secure (trucks).
    • Cargo properly blocked, braced, tied, chained, etc.
    • Tailboards up and properly secured.
    • End gates free of damage, properly secured in stake sockets.
    • Canvas or tarp (if required) properly secured to prevent tearing, billowing, or blocking of either the rearview mirrors or rear lights.
    • If over-length, or over-width, make sure all signs and/or additional lights/flags are safely and properly mounted and all required permits are in driver’s possession.
    • Rear doors securely closed, latched/locked.
  27. Step 5: Do Walk Around Inspection

    Left Side
    • Check all items as done on right side, plus:
    • Battery(ies) (if not mounted in engine compartment).
    • Battery box(es) securely mounted to vehicle.
    • Box has secure cover.
    • Battery(ies) secured against movement.
    • Battery(ies) not broken or leaking.
    • Fluid in battery(ies) at proper level (except maintenance-free type). 
    • Cell caps present and securely tightened (except maintenance-free type).
    • Vents in cell caps free of foreign material (except maintenance-free type).
  28. Step 6: Check Signal Lights

    Get in and Turn off Lights
    • Turn off all lights.
    • Turn on stop lights (apply trailer hand brake or have a helper put on the brake pedal).
    • Turn on left turn signal lights
  29. Step 6: Check Signal Lights

    Get out and Check Lights
    • Left front turn signal light clean, operating and proper color (amber or white on signals facing the front).
    • Left rear turn signal light and both stop lights clean, operating, and proper color (red, yellow, or amber).

    Note: Checks of brake, turn signal, and 4-way flasher functions must be done separately.
  30. Step 6: Check Signal Lights

    Get in Vehicle
    • Turn off lights not needed for driving.
    • Check for all required papers, trip manifests, permits, etc.
    • Secure all loose articles in cab (they might interfere with operation of the controls or hit you in an accident).
    • Start the engine.
  31. Step 7: Start the Engine and Check

    Test for Hydraulic Leaks
    If the vehicle has hydraulic brakes, pump the brake pedal three times. Then apply firm pressure to the pedal and hold for five seconds. The pedal should not move. If it does, there may be a leak or other problem. Get it fixed before driving. If the vehicle has air brakes, do the checks described in Sections 5 and 6 of this handbook.
  32. Step 7: Start the Engine and Check

    Brake System
    Test Parking Brake(s)
    • Fasten safety belt.
    • Set parking brake (power unit only).
    • Release trailer parking brake (if applicable).
    • Place vehicle into a low gear.
    • Gently pull forward against parking brake to make sure the parking brake holds.
    • Repeat the same steps for the trailer with trailer parking brake set and power unit parking brakes released (if applicable).
    • If it does not hold vehicle, it is faulty; get it fixed.
  33. Step 7: Start the Engine and Check

    Brake System

    Test Service Brake Stopping Action
    • Go about five miles per hour.
    • Push brake pedal firmly.
    • “Pulling” to one side or the other can mean brake trouble.
    • Any unusual brake pedal “feel” or delayed stopping action can mean trouble.
    • If you find anything unsafe during the pre-trip inspection, get it fixed. Federal and state laws forbid operating an unsafe vehicle.

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview