Chapter 17 blood

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Chapter 17 blood
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2014-09-13 22:42:00
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  1. Most common white blood cell found in whole blood.
    Neutrophil
  2. Mounts an immune response by direct cell attack or via antibodies.
    Lymphocyte
  3. Kills parasitic worms.
    eosinophil
  4. Becomes a macrophage
    Monocyte
  5. Main bacteria killer during acute infection
    neutaphils
  6. Nucleus has two lobes; contains granules of lysosomal enzymes; functions in attacking parasitic worms
    Eosinophil
  7. Nucleus is multilobed; functions as a phagocyte; contains fine indistinct granules
    Neutrophil
  8. Transports CO2 and oxygen.
    Erythrocyte
  9. Contains a U‐ or an S‐shaped nucleus; granules stain very dark; releases histamine and heparin.
    Eosinophil
  10. Largest of the WBCs; crucial in defense against viruses; associated with chronic infections
    Monocyte
  11. The major contributor to plasma osmotic pressure
    Albumin
  12. Thrombin catalyzes the activation of these molecules present in plasma
    Fibrinogen
  13. Forms the structural framework of a blood clot
    fibrinogen
  14. Makes up most of plasma protein.
    Albumin
  15. Main contributor to osmotic pressure
    Albumin
  16. Antibodies released by plasma cells during immune response
    Gamma globulins
  17. Forms fibrin thread of blood clot
    fibrinogen
  18. Transport proteins that bind to lipids, metal ions, and fat‐soluble vitamins
    alpha and beta globulins.
  19. Polymorphonuclear leukocyte
    neutrophil
  20. MWhite blood cell with dark‐staining nucleus
    Monocyte
  21. Protein capable of changing shape and color in the presence of O2.
    Hemoglobin
  22. Adverse reaction of donor blood cells with recipient plasma.
    agglutination
  23. Lacking in hemophilia type A.
    Factor 8 or VIII
  24. Produced by platelets.
    Prostaglanding derivatives such as thrombozane A2
  25. A fibrous protein that gives shape to an RBC plasma membrane
    spectrin
  26. Hormone that stimulates production of RBCs
    Erythropoietin
  27. Stimulates WBC production.
    interleukins and CSF's
  28. Natural anticoagulant found in basophils
    Heparin
  29. Cancerous condition involving white blood cells.
    Leukemia
  30. Condition in which blood has abnormally low oxygen‐carrying capacity
    Anemia
  31. Abnormal excess of erythrocytes resulting in an increase in blood viscosity
    Polycythemia
  32. Free‐floating thrombus in the bloodstream.
    Embolisim
  33. The primary source of RBCs in the adult human being is the bone marrow in the shafts of the long bones. T OR F
    fasle
  34. Leukemia refers to cancerous conditions of white blood cells. T OR F
    True
  35. The immediate response to blood vessel injury is clotting. T OR F
    false
  36. The process of fibrinolysis disposes of bacteria when healing has occurred.T OR F
    False
  37. The RBC "graveyard" is the liver. T OR F
    False
  38. Hemorrhagic anemias result from blood loss. T OR F
    True
  39. White blood cells are produced through the action of colony‐stimulating factors. T OR F
    True
  40. Hemoglobin is made up of the protein heme and the red pigment globin. T OR F
    False
  41. Each heme contains an atom of iron and can transport one molecule of oxygen. T OR F
    True
  42. Each hemoglobin molecule can transport two molecules of oxygen. T OR F
    Fasle
  43. Diapedesis is the process by which red blood cells move into tissue spaces from the interior of blood capillaries. T OR F
    False
  44. Positive chemotaxis is a feedback system that signals leukocyte migration into damaged areas. T OR F
    True
  45. A condition of leukocytosis indicates over 11,000 white blood cells per cubic millimeter in the blood. T OR F
    True
  46. Basophils increase in number when parasitic invasion occurs. T OR F
    False
  47. Leukopenia is an abnormally low number of leukocyte. T OR F
    true
  48. A person with type B blood could receive blood from a person with either type B or type O blood. T OR F
    True
  49. Leukocytes move through the circulatory system by amoeboid motion.
    False
  50. Granulocytes called neutrophils are phagocytic and are the most numerous of all white blood cell types. T OR F
    true
  51. All lymphocytes are leukocytes, but not all leukocytes are lymphocytesT OR F
    true
  52. Myelocytic leukemia involves a cancerous condition of lymphocytes T OR F
    False
  53. Which of the following is a pivotal molecule associated with the external surfaces of aggregated platelets and is involved in the intrinsic and extrinsic mechanisms of blood clotting?
    A)  Thrombin
    B)  PGI2
    C)  Thromboplastin (prothrombin activator)
    D)  PF3
    D)  PF3
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  54. What is the average normal pH range of blood? 
    A)  4.65-4.75 
    B)  7.75-7.85
    C)  8.35-8.45 
    D)  7.35-7.45
    D)  7.35-7.45
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  55. The special type of hemoglobin present in fetal red blood cells is
    A)  hemoglobin A
    B)  hemoglobin F 
    C)  hemoglobin B 
    D)  hemoglobin S
    B)  hemoglobin F
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  56. Which of the choices below is the parent cell for all formed elements of blood?
    A)  megakaryocyte
    B)  pluripotent stem cell (hemocytoblast)
    C)  NK cell
    D)  polymorphonuclear cell
    B)  pluripotent stem cell (hemocytoblast)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  57. Which blood type is called the universal donor? 
    A)  AB 
    B)  B 
    C)  A 
    D)  O
    D)  O
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  58. Which of the following is a regulatory function of blood? 
    A)  maintenance of normal pH in body tissues
    B)  prevention of blood loss
    C)  transport of metabolic wastes from cells
    D)  delivery of oxygen to body cells
    A)  maintenance of normal pH in body tissues
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  59. Which of the following is a protective
    B)  pfunction of blood?
    A)  maintenance of body temperature revention of blood loss
    C)  maintenance of normal pH in body tissue
    D)  maintenance of adequate fluid volume
    A)  maintenance of body temperature
  60. Which of the statements below is an incorrect or false statement?
    A)  Transfusion of incompatible blood can be fatal.
    B)  Blood typing for the Kell, Lewis, and Duffy factors is always done before a blood transfusion.
    C)  When a transfusion reaction occurs, the oxygen‐carrying capacity of the transfused blood cells is disrupted and the clumping of RBCs in small vessels hinders blood flow to tissues beyond those points.
    D)  Unique to the ABO blood group is the presence in the plasma of preformed antibodies.
    A)  Transfusion of incompatible blood can be fatal.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  61. Which of the following might trigger erythropoiesis?
    A)  decreased tissue demand for oxygen
    B)  an increased number of RBCs
    C)  hypoxia of EPO‐producing cells
    D)  moving to a lower altitude
    C)  hypoxia of EPO‐producing cells
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  62. As red blood cells age
    A)  ATP production increases
    B)  membranes "wear out" and the cells become damaged
    C)  they will eventually be excreted by the digestive system
    D)  iron will be excreted by the kidneys
    B)  membranes "wear out" and the cells become damaged
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  63. An individual who is blood type AB negative can
    A)  receive any blood type in moderate amounts except that with the Rh antigen
    B)  donate to types A, B, and AB, but not to type O
    C)  receive types A, B, and AB, but not type O
    D)  donate to all blood types in moderate amount
    A)  receive any blood type in moderate amounts except that with the Rh antigen
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  64. The most abundant plasma protein is
    A)  bile
    B)  albumin
    C)  clotting protein 
    D)  globulin
    B)  albumin
  65. When neither anti‐A sera nor anti‐B sera clot on a blood plate with donor blood, the blood is type
    A)  O 
    B)  A 
    C)  AB 
    D)  B
    A)  O
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  66. Select the correct statement regarding blood cell formation
    A)  Yellow marrow is the main site of leukocyte formation.
    B)  Red marrow is the main site of blood cell formation throughout adult life.
    C)  Before the seventh month of fetal development, yellow marrow is the main site of blood cell formation.
    D)  The main sites of blood cell production in adults are the spleen and the liver.
    B)  Red marrow is the main site of blood cell formation throughout adult life.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  67. Blood volume restorers include all of the following except
    A)  dextran
    B)  albumin 
    C)  saline solutions 
    D)  packed cells
    D)  packed cells
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  68. James has a hemoglobin measurement of 16 g/100 ml blood. This is
    A)  normal only if James is an infant
    B)  within the normal range
    C)  abnormally low
    D)  above normal
    B)  within the normal range
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  69. Which of these is not a normal plasma protein?
    A)  fibrinogen
    B)  gamma globulin 
    C)  thromboplastin
    D)  albumin 
    C)  thromboplastin
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  70. All of the following can be expected with polycythemia except
    A)  high blood pressure
    B)  increased blood volume 
    C)  low blood viscosity
    D)  high hematocrit 
    C)  low blood viscosity
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  71. No visible cytoplasmic granules are present in  A)  eosinophils 
    B)  neutrophils
    C)  basophils 
    D)  monocytes
    D)  monocytes
  72. Which of the following is not a phase of hemostasis?
    A)  coagulation 
    B)  fibrinolysis 
    C)  platelet plug formation
    D)  vascular spasm
    B)  fibrinolysis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  73. Place the following in correct developmental sequence: 
    1. reticulocyte
    2. proerythroblast
    3. normoblast
    4. late erythroblast  
    A)  2, 4, 3, 1
    B)  1, 3, 2, 4 
    C)  2, 1, 3, 4 
    D)  1, 2, 3, 4 
    A)  2, 4, 3, 1
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  74. A lack of intrinsic factor, leading to a deficiency of vitamin B12 and large pale cells called macrocytes, is characteristic of
    A)  polycythemia
    B)  aplastic anemia
    C)  pernicious anemia 
    D)  sickle‐cell anemia 
    C)  pernicious anemia
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  75. The slowest step in the clotting process is
    A)  production of fibrin strands
    B)  release of PF3
    C)  formation of prothrombin activator
    D)  binding fibrin strands
    C)  formation of prothrombin activator
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  76. Thromboembolic disorders
    A)  include thrombus formation, a clot in a broken blood vessel
    B)  include embolus formation, a clot moving within the circulatory system
    C)  result in uncontrolled bleeding
    D)  are caused by vitamin K deficiency
    B)  include embolus formation, a clot moving within the circulatory system
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  77. Which of the following is not a cause of bleeding disorders?
    A)  excess secretion of platelet‐derived growth factor (PDGF)
    B)  a defect in the clotting cascade
    C)  thrombocytopenia, a condition of decreased circulating platelets
    D)  vitamin K deficiency
    A)  excess secretion of platelet‐derived growth factor (PDGF)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  78. Which of the following is characteristic of all leukocytes?
    A)  They are nucleated
    B)  They have cytoplasmic granules.
    C)  They are phagocytic.
    D)  They are the most numerous of the formed elements in blood.
    A)  They are nucleated
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  79. Which of the following is true about blood plasma?
    A)  It contains about 20 dissolved components.
    B)  It is about 90% water
    C)  It is the same as serum but without the clotting proteins.
    D)  The main protein component is hemoglobin.
    B)  It is about 90% water
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  80. Platelets
    A)  have a life span of about 120 days
    B)  stick to the damaged area of a blood vessel and help seal the break
    C)  have multiple nuclei
    D)  are the precursors of leukocytes
    B)  stick to the damaged area of a blood vessel and help seal the break
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  81. Which sequence is correct for the following events? 
    1. fibrinogen → fibrin
    2. clot retraction
    3. formation of thromboplastin
    4. prothrombin → thrombin 
    A)  3, 4, 1, 2 
    B)  3, 2, 1, 4
    C)  4, 3, 1, 2 
    D)  1, 2, 3, 4 
    A)  3, 4, 1, 2
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  82. Fred's blood was determined to be AB positive. What does this mean?
    A)  His blood lacks Rh factor.
    B)  There are no antibodies to A, to B, or to Rh antigens in the plasma.
    C)  He can only receive blood from a donor who is AB positive
    D)  Antibodies to A and B are present in the red cells.
    B)  There are no antibodies to A, to B, or to Rh antigens in the plasma.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  83. Sickling of red blood cells can be produced in those with sickle‐cell anemia by
    A)  travel at high altitude and vigorous exercise
    B)  malaria and travel at high altitude
    C)  vigorous exercise
    D)  travel at high altitude
    A)  travel at high altitude and vigorous exercise
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  84. All of the following conditions impair coagulation except
    A)  severe hypocalcemia 
    B)  vascular spasm
    C)  liver disease
    D)  vitamin K deficiency 
    B)  vascular spasm
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  85. When can erythroblastosis fetalis not possibly happen in the child of an Rh negative mother?
    A)  if the child is Rh+  
    B)  if the father is Rh+ 
    C)  if the child is type O positive
    D)  if the father is Rh‐  
    D)  if the father is Rh‐
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  86. Complications of aplastic anemia generally do not include
    A)  suppressed immunity
    B)  bleeding disorders
    C)  impaired formation of all formed elements D)  increase of leukocytes as a result of erythrocyte loss
    D)  increase of leukocytes as a result of erythrocyte loss
  87. Blood is a ________.
    A)  colloid 
    B)  suspension
    C)  heterogeneous compound
    D)  homogeneous compound 
    B)  suspension
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  88. What organ in the body regulates erythrocyte production?
    A)  brain 
    B)  kidney 
    C)  pancreas 
    D)  liver
    B)  kidney
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  89. The formed element ________ can kill parasitic worms.
    Eosinophil
  90. A(n) ________ is a committed granular leukocyte stem cell that produces neutrophils
    Myeloblast
  91. The rarest leukocyte is the ________.
    basophils
  92. Potent platelet aggregates that attract more platelets to the site of an injury are ________ and ________.
    Adensine diphosphate
  93. The universal recipient blood type is ________.
    AB
  94. When monocytes migrate into the interstitial spaces, they are called ________.
    Macrophages
  95. Destruction of the hematopoietic components of red marrow leads to a condition called ________.
    Aplastic anemia
  96. ________ is the stage of development in the life of an erythrocyte during which the nucleus is ejected.
    Normnoblast
  97. Hemoglobin is composed of ________ polypeptide chains.
    four

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