Therapeutics Case Common Medical Abbreviations

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Therapeutics Case Common Medical Abbreviations
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Therapeutics Case Common Medical Abbreviations
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  1. A & O
    alert and oriented
  2. A & P
    • auscultation and percussion
    • anterior and posterior
    • assessment and plan
  3. A & W
    alive and well
  4. A1C
    hemoglobin A1C
  5. aa
    of each
  6. AA
    • aplastic anemia
    • alcoholics anonymous
  7. AAA
    abdominal aortic aneurysm
  8. AAL
    anterior axillary line
  9. AAO
    awake alert and oriented
  10. ABC
    • absolute band count
    • absolute basophil count
    • aspiration, biopsy, and cytology
    • artificial beta cells
  11. Abd
    abdomen
  12. ABG
    aterial blood gases
  13. ABI
    ankle brachial index
  14. ABP
    arterial blood pressure
  15. ABW
    actual body weight
  16. ABx
    antibiotics
  17. AC
    before meals
  18. ACC
    American College of Cardiology
  19. ACE
    Angiotensin-converting enzyme
  20. ACEI
    angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor
  21. ACG
    American COllege of Gastroenterology
  22. ACL
    anterior cruciate ligament
  23. ACLS
    advanced cardiac life support
  24. ACR
    • albumin:creatinine ratio
    • American College of Rheumatology
  25. ACS
    acute coronary syndrome
  26. ACT
    activated clotting time
  27. ACTH
    adrenocorticotropic syndrome
  28. AD
    • Alzheimer's disease
    • right ear
  29. ADA
    • American diabetes association
    • adenosine deaminase
  30. ADE
    adverse drug effect/rxn
  31. ADH
    antidiuretic hormone
  32. ADHD
    attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder
  33. ADL
    activities of daily living
  34. ADR
    adverse drug reaction
  35. AED
    antiepileptic drug
  36. AF
    atrial fibrillation
  37. AFB
    • acid-fast bacillus
    • aortofemoral bypass
    • aspirated foreign body
  38. Afeb
    afebrile
  39. AFP
    alpha-Fetoprotein
  40. A/G
    albumin-globulin ratio
  41. AHA
    American Heart Association
  42. AI
    aortic insufficiency
  43. AIDS
    Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
  44. AKA
    • above-knee amputation
    • alcoholic ketoacidosis
    • all known allergies
    • also known as
  45. AKI
    acute kidney injury
  46. ALD
    alcoholic liver disease
  47. ALFT
    abnormal liver function test
  48. ALL
    • acute lymphocytic leukemia
    • acute lymphoblastic leukemia
  49. ALP
    alkaline phosphatase
  50. ALS
    amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
  51. ALT
    alanine aminotransferase
  52. AMA
    • against medical advice
    • American Medical Association
    • antimitochondrial antibody
  53. AMI
    acute myocardial infarction
  54. AML
    acute myelogenous leukemia
  55. Amp
    ampule
  56. ANA
    antinuclear antibody
  57. ANC
    absolute neutrophil count
  58. ANLL
    acute nonlymphocytic leukemia
  59. AODM
    adult onset diabetes mellitus
  60. A & O x 3
    awake and oriented to person, place, and time
  61. A & O x 4
    awake and orientated to person, place, time, and situation
  62. AOM
    acute otitis media
  63. AP
    anteroposterior
  64. APACHE
    acute physiology and chronic health evaluation
  65. APAP
    acetaminophen
  66. aPTT
    activated partial thromboplastin time
  67. ARC
    AIDS-related complex
  68. ARDS
    adults respiratory distress syndrome
  69. ARF
    • acute renal failure
    • acute respiratory failure
    • acute rheumatic fever
  70. AROM
    active range of motion
  71. AS
    left ear
  72. ASA
    aspirin
  73. ASCVD
    arteriosclerotic cardiovascular disease
  74. ASD
    atrial septal defect
  75. ASH
    asymmetric septal hypertrophy
  76. ASHD
    arteriosclerotic heart disease
  77. AST
    aspartate aminotransferase
  78. ATG
    antithymocyte globulin
  79. ATN
    acute tubular necrosis
  80. AU
    each ear
  81. AV
    • arteriovenous
    • atrioventicular
  82. AVM
    arterovenous malformation
  83. AVR
    aortic valve replacement
  84. AWMI
    anterior wall myocardial infarction
  85. BAC
    blood alcohol concentration
  86. BAL
    bronchioalveolar lavage
  87. BBB
    • bundle branch block
    • blood brain barrier
  88. BC
    blood culture
  89. BCG
    bacillus calmette guerin
  90. BCNP
    board certified nuclear pharmacist
  91. BCNSP
    board certified nutrition support pharmacist
  92. BCNU
    carmustine
  93. BCOP
    borad certified oncology pharmacist
  94. BCP
    birth control pill
  95. BCPP
    board certified psychiatric pharmacist
  96. BCPS
    board certified pharmacotherapy specialist
  97. BE
    barium enema
  98. BID
    twice a day
  99. BKA
    below knee amputation
  100. BM
    • bone marrow
    • bowel movement
  101. BMC
    bone marrow cells
  102. BMD
    bone mineral density
  103. BMR
    basal metabolic rate
  104. BMT
    blood marrow transplantation
  105. BNP
    brain natriuretic peptide
  106. BP
    blood pressure
  107. BPD
    bronchopulmonary dysplasia
  108. BPH
    benign prostatic hyperplasia
  109. bpm
    beats per minute
  110. BPRS
    brief psychiatric rating scale
  111. BR
    bedrest
  112. BRBPR
    bright red blood per rectum
  113. BRM
    biological response modifier
  114. BRP
    bathroom privileges
  115. BS
    • bowel sounds
    • breath sounds
    • blood sugar
  116. BSA
    body surface area
  117. BSO
    bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy
  118. BTFS
    breast tumor frozen section
  119. BUN
    blood urea nitrogen
  120. Bx
    biopsy
  121. C & S
    culture and sensitivity
  122. CA
    • cancer
    • calcium
  123. CABG
    coronary artery bypass graft
  124. CAD
    coronary artery disease
  125. CAH
    chronic active hepatitis
  126. CAM
    complementary and alternative medicine
  127. CAPD
    continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis
  128. CBC
    complete blood count
  129. CBD
    common bile duct
  130. CBG
    • capillary blood gas
    • corticosteroid binding globulin
  131. CBT
    cognitive-behavioral therapy
  132. CC
    chief complaint
  133. CCA
    calcium channel antagonist
  134. CCB
    calcium channel blocker
  135. CCE
    clubbing cyanosis edema
  136. CCK
    cholecystokinin
  137. CCMS
    clean catch midstream
  138. CCNU
    lomustine
  139. CCPD
    continuous cycling peritoneal dialysis
  140. CCU
    coronary care unit
  141. CD
    Crohn's disease
  142. CDAD
    Clostridum difficult associated diarrhea
  143. CDC
    Centers of Disease Control and Prevention
  144. CEA
    carcinoembryonic antigen
  145. CF
    cystic fibrosis
  146. CFS
    chronic fatigue syndrome
  147. CFU
    colony-forming unit
  148. CHD
    coronary heart disease
  149. CHF
    congestive heart failure
  150. CHO
    carbohydrate
  151. CHOP
    cyclophosphamide, hydroxydaunorubicin(doxorubicin), Oncovin(vincristine), prednisone
  152. CI
    cardiac index
  153. CK
    creatine kinase
  154. CKD
    chronic kidney disease
  155. CKD-EPI
    chronic kidney disease-epidemiology collaboration
  156. CKD-MBD
    chronic kidney disease-mineral and bone disorder
  157. CLcr
    creatinine clearance
  158. CLL
    chronic lymphocytic leukemia
  159. CM
    costal margin
  160. CMG
    cystometrogram
  161. CML
    chronic myelogenous leukemia
  162. CN
    cranial nerve
  163. CNS
    central nervous system
  164. c/o
    complains of
  165. CO
    • cardiac output
    • carbon monoxide
  166. COLD
    chronic obstructive lung disease
  167. COPD
    chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  168. CP
    • chest pain
    • cerebral palsy
  169. CPA
    costophrenic angle
  170. CPAP
    continuous positive airway pressure
  171. CPK
    creatine phosphokinase
  172. CPP
    cerebral perfusion pressure
  173. CPR
    cardiopulmonary resuscitation
  174. CR
    complete remission
  175. CRF
    • chronic renal failure
    • corticotropin-releasing factor
  176. CRH
    cortico-releasing factor
  177. CRI
    • chronic renal insufficiency
    • catheter-related infection
  178. CRNA
    certified registered nurse anesthetist
  179. CRNP
    certified registered nurse practitioner
  180. CRP
    c-reactive protein
  181. CRTT
    certified respiratory therapy technician
  182. CS
    central supply
  183. CSA
    cyclosporine
  184. CSF
    • cerebrospinal fluid 
    • colony-stimulating factor
  185. CSW
    cerebral salt wasting
  186. CT
    • computed tomography
    • chest tube
  187. CTA
    clear to auscultation
  188. CTB
    cease to breathe
  189. cTnI
    cardiac troponin I
  190. CTZ
    chemoreceptor trigger zone
  191. CV
    cardiovascular
  192. CVA
    • cerebrovascular accident
    • costovertebral angle
  193. CVAT
    costovertebral angle tenderness
  194. CVC
    central venous catheter
  195. CVP
    central venovenous hemodiafiltration
  196. CVVH-DF
    continuous venovenous hemodiafiltration
  197. Cx
    • culture
    • cervix
  198. CXR
    chest x-ray
  199. DAA
    direct-acting antivirals
  200. D & C
    dilation and curettage
  201. d4T
    stavudine
  202. D5NS
    5% dextrose in normal saline
  203. D5W
    5% dextrose in water
  204. DBP
    diastolic blood pressure
  205. D/C
    • discontinue
    • discharge
  206. DCC
    direct current cardioversion
  207. ddC
    zalcitabine
  208. ddI
    didanosine
  209. DES
    diethylstilbestrol
  210. DI
    diabetes insipidus
  211. DIC
    disseminated intravascular coagulation
  212. Diff
    Differential
  213. DIP
    distal interphalangeal
  214. DJD
    degenerative joint disease
  215. DKA
    diabetic ketoacidosis
  216. dL
    deciliter
  217. DM
    diabetes mellitus
  218. DMARD
    disease-modifying anti rheumatic drug
  219. DNA
    deoxyribonucleic acid
  220. DNR
    do not reuscitate
  221. DO
    doctor of osteopathy
  222. DOA
    • dead on arrival
    • date of admission
    • duration of action
  223. DOB
    date of birth
  224. DOE
    dyspnea on exertion
  225. DOT
    directly observed therapy
  226. DP
    dorsalis pedis
  227. DPGN
    diffuse proliferative glomerulnephritis
  228. DPI
    dry powder inhaler
  229. DRE
    digital rectal examination
  230. DRG
    diagnosis-related group
  231. DS
    double strength
  232. DSHEA
    dietary supplement health and education act(1994)
  233. DST
    dexamethasone suppression rate
  234. DTIC
    dacarbazine
  235. DTP
    diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis
  236. DTR
    deep tendon reflex
  237. DVT
    deep vein thrombosis
  238. Dx
    diagnosis
  239. eAG
    Estimated average glucose
  240. EBV
    Epstein-Barr virus
  241. EC
    enteric-coated
  242. ECF
    extended care facility
  243. ECG
    electrocardiogram
  244. ECMO
    extracorporeal membrane oxygenator
  245. ECOG
    eastern cooperative oncology group
  246. ECT
    electroconvulsive therapy
  247. ED
    emergency department
  248. EEG
    electroencephalogram
  249. EENT
    eyes ears nose throat
  250. EF
    ejection fraction
  251. EGD
    esophagogastroduodenoscopy
  252. EIA
    enzyme immunoassay
  253. EKG
    electrocardiogram
  254. EMG
    electromyogram
  255. EMT
    emergency medical technician
  256. Endo
    • endotracheal 
    • endoscopy
  257. EOMI
    extraocular movements intact
  258. EPO
    erythropoietin
  259. EPS
    extrapyramidal symptoms
  260. EPT
    • early pregnancy test
    • expedited partner therapy
  261. ER
    • estrogen receptor
    • emergency room
  262. ERCP
    endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography
  263. ERT
    estrogen replacement therapy
  264. ESKD
    end stage kidney disease
  265. ESLD
    end stage liver disease
  266. ESR
    erythrocyte sedimentation rate
  267. ESRD
    end stage renal disease
  268. ESWL
    extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy
  269. ET
    endotracheal
  270. ETOH
    ethanol
  271. FB
    • finger-breadth
    • foreign body
  272. FBDSI
    functional bowel disorder severity index
  273. FBS
    fasting blood sugar
  274. FDA
    food and drug administration
  275. FDP
    fibrin degradation products
  276. FEF
    forced expiratory flow(rate)
  277. FEM-POP
    femoral-popliteal
  278. FENA
    fractional excretion of sodium
  279. FEV1
    forced expiratory volume in 1 second
  280. FFP
    fresh frozen plasma
  281. FH
    family history
  282. Fio2
    fraction of inspired oxygen
  283. fL
    femtoliter
  284. FM
    face mask
  285. FOBT
    fecal occult blood test
  286. FOC
    fronto-occipital circumference
  287. FODMAPs
    fermentable oligo-, di-, and monosacchardies and polyols
  288. FPG
    fasting plasma glucose
  289. FPIA
    fluorescence polarization immunoassay
  290. FSH
    follicle stimulating hormone
  291. FTA
    fluorescent treponemal antibody
  292. f/u
    follow-up
  293. FUDR
    floxuridine
  294. FUO
    fever of unknown origin
  295. Fx
    fracture
  296. G6PD
    glucose-6-phosphate dehygrogenase
  297. GABHS
    group A beta-hemolytic streptococcus
  298. GAD
    generalized anxiety disorder
  299. GB
    gallbladder
  300. GBS
    • group B Streptococcus
    • Guillain-Barre syndrome
  301. GC
    Gonococcus
  302. G-CSF
    granulocyte colony-stimulating factor
  303. GDM
    gestational diabetes mellitus
  304. GE
    • gastroesophageal 
    • gastroenterology
  305. GERD
    gastroesophageal reflux disease
  306. GFR
    glomerular filtration rate
  307. GGT
    gamma-glutamyltransferase
  308. GGTP
    gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase
  309. GI
    gastrointestinal
  310. GM-CSF
    granulocyte-macrophae colony stimulating factor
  311. GN
    • glomerulonephritis
    • graduate nurse
  312. gr
    grain
  313. GT
    gastrostomy tube
  314. gtt
    drop
  315. GTT
    glucose tolerance test
  316. GU
    genitourinary
  317. GVHD
    graft-versus-host disease
  318. GVL
    graft-versus-leukemia
  319. Gyn
    gynecology
  320. H & H
    hemoglobin and hematocrit
  321. H & P
    history and physical examination
  322. H/A
    headache
  323. HAART
    highly active antiretroviral therapy
  324. HAM-D
    hamilton rating scale for depression
  325. HAV
    hepatitis A virus
  326. Hb, hgb
    hemoglobin
  327. HbA1C
    hemoglobin A1C
  328. HBeAg
    hepatitis B early antigen
  329. HBIG
    hepatits B immune globulin
  330. HBP
    high blood pressure
  331. HBsAg
    hepatitis B surface antigen
  332. HBV
    hepatitis B virus
  333. HC
    • hydrocortisone
    • home care
  334. HCG
    human chorionic gonadotropin
  335. HCO3
    bicarbonate
  336. Hct
    hematocrit
  337. HCTZ
    hydrochlorothiazide
  338. HCV
    hepatitis C virus
  339. Hcy
    homocysteine
  340. HD
    • Hodgkin's disease
    • hemodialysis
  341. HDL
    high density lipoprotein
  342. HE
    hepatic encephalopathy
  343. HEENT
    head eyes ears nose and throat
  344. HEPA
    high-efficiency particular air
  345. HF
    heart failure
  346. HFA
    hydrofluoroalkane
  347. H. flu
    Haemophilus influenaze
  348. HGH
    human growth hormone
  349. HH
    hiatal hernia
  350. HHS
    hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state
  351. Hib
    Haemophilus influenzae type b
  352. HIV
    human immunodeficiency virus
  353. HJR
    hepatojugular reflux
  354. HLA
    • human leukocyte antigen
    • human lymphocyte antigen
  355. HMG-CoA
    hydroxy-methylglutaryl coenzyme A
  356. H/O
    history of
  357. HOB
    head of bed
  358. HPA
    hypothalamic-pituitary axis
  359. hpf
    high-power field
  360. HPI
    history of present illness
  361. HPV
    human papilloma virus
  362. HR
    heart rate
  363. HRT
    hormone replacement therapy
  364. HS
    at bedtime
  365. HSCT
    hematopoietic stem cell transplantation
  366. HSM
    hepatosplenomegaly
  367. HSV
    herpes simplex virus
  368. HTN
    hypertension
  369. Hx
    history
  370. I & D
    incision and drainage
  371. I & O
    intake and output
  372. IABP
    intra-arterial balloon pump
  373. IBD
    inflammatory bowel disease
  374. IBS
    irritable bowel syndrome
  375. IBS-C
    irritable bowel syndrome with constipation
  376. IBS-D
    irritable bowel syndrome with diarrhea
  377. IBS-SSS
    irritable bowel syndrome symptom severity score
  378. IBW
    ideal body weight
  379. ICD
    implantable cardioverter defibrillator
  380. ICP
    intracranial pressure
  381. ICS
    intercostal space
  382. ICU
    intensive care unit
  383. ID
    • identification 
    • infectious disease
  384. IDDM
    insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus
  385. IFN
    interferon
  386. Ig
    immunoglobulin A
  387. IgA
    immunoglobulin A
  388. IgD
    immunoglobulin D
  389. IHD
    ischemic heart disease
  390. IJ
    interal jugular
  391. IM
    • intramuscular 
    • infectious mononucleosis
  392. IMV
    intermittent mandatory venilation
  393. INH
    isoniazid
  394. INR
    international normalized ratio
  395. IOP
    intraocular pressure
  396. IP
    intraperitoneal
  397. IPG
    impedance plethysmography
  398. IPI
    international prognostic index
  399. IPN
    interstitial pneumonia
  400. IPPB
    intermittent positive pressure breathing
  401. IPS
    idiopathic pneumonia syndrome
  402. IRB
    institutional review board
  403. ISA
    intrinsic sympathominmetic activity
  404. ISDN
    isosobide dinitrate
  405. ISH
    isolated systolic hypertension
  406. ISMN
    isosorbide mononirate
  407. IT
    intrathecal
  408. ITP
    idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura
  409. IU
    international unit
  410. IUD
    intrauterine device
  411. IV
    • intravenous
    • roman numeral IV
    • symbol class 4 controlled substances
  412. IVC
    • interior vena cava
    • intravenous cholangiogram
  413. IVDA
    intravenous drug abuse
  414. IVF
    inravenous fluids
  415. IVIG
    intravenous immunoglobulin
  416. IVP
    • intravenous pyelogram
    • intravenous push
  417. IVPB
    intravenous piggyback
  418. IVSS
    intravenous Soluset
  419. IWMI
    inferior wall myocardial infraction
  420. JODM
    juenile-onset diabetes
  421. JRA
    juvenile venous distention
  422. JVD
    jugular vein distention
  423. JVP
    jugular venous pressure
  424. K
    potassium
  425. kcal
    kilocalorie
  426. KCL
    Potassium chloride
  427. KDIGO
    kidney disease: improving global outcomes
  428. KOH
    potassium hydroxide
  429. KUB
    kidney ureters bladder
  430. KVO
    keep veins open
  431. L
    liter
  432. LAD
    • left anterior descending
    • left axis deviation
  433. LAO
    left anterior oblique
  434. LAP
    leukocyte alkaline phosphate
  435. LBBB
    left bundle branch block
  436. LBP
    low back pain
  437. LCM
    left costal margin
  438. LDH
    lactate dehydrogenase
  439. LDL
    low density lipoprotein
  440. LE
    lower extremity
  441. LES
    lower esophageal sphincter
  442. LFT
    liver function test
  443. LHRH
    luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone
  444. LIMA
    left internal mammary artery
  445. LLE
    left lower extremity
  446. LLL
    left lower lobe
  447. LLQ
    left lower quadrant(abdomen)
  448. LLSB
    left lower sternal border
  449. LMD
    local medical doctor
  450. LMP
    last menstrual period
  451. LOC
    • loss of consciousness
    • laxative of choice
  452. LOS
    length of stay
  453. LP
    lumbar puncture
  454. LPN
    licensed physical therapist
  455. LPO
    left posterior oblique
  456. LPT
    licensed physical therapist
  457. LR
    lactated ringer's
  458. LS
    lumbosacral
  459. LTCF
    long-term care facility
  460. LUE
    left upper extremity
  461. LUL
    left upper lobe
  462. LUQ
    left upper quadrant
  463. LVEF
    left ventricular ejection fraction
  464. LVH
    left ventricular hypertrophy
  465. MAP
    mean arterial pressure
  466. MAR
    medication administration record
  467. mcg
    microgram
  468. MCH
    mean corpuscular hemoglobin
  469. MCHC
    mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration
  470. MCL
    midclavicular line
  471. MCP
    metacarpophalangeal
  472. MCV
    mean corpuscular volume
  473. MD
    medical doctor
  474. MDI
    metered-dose inhaler
  475. MDRD
    modified diet in renal disease
  476. MEFR
    maximum expiratory flow rate
  477. mEq
    milliequivalent
  478. mg
    milligram
  479. MHC
    major histocompatibility complex
  480. MI
    • myocardial infraction
    • mitral insufficiency
  481. MIC
    minimum inhibitory concentration
  482. MICU
    medical intensive care unit
  483. mL
    milliliter
  484. MM
    multiple myeloma
  485. MMA
    methylmalonic aicd
  486. MMEFR
    Maximal midexpiratory flow rate
  487. MMR
    measles-mumps-rubella
  488. MMSE
    mini mental state examination
  489. MOM
    milk of magnesia
  490. MPV
    mean platelet volume
  491. MRG
    murmur/rub/gallop
  492. MRI
    magnetic resonance imaging
  493. MRSA
    methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
  494. MRSE
    methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus epidermidis
  495. MS
    • mental status
    • mitral stenosis
    • musculoskeletal
    • multiple sclerosis
    • morphine sulfate
  496. MSE
    mental status exam
  497. MSM
    men who have sex with men
  498. MSW
    master of social work
  499. MTD
    maximum tolerated dose
  500. MTP
    metatarsophalangeal
  501. MTX
    methotrexate
  502. MUD
    matched unrelated donor
  503. MUGA
    multiple gated acquisition
  504. MVA
    motor vehicle accident
  505. MVI
    multivitamin
  506. MVR
    • mitral valve replacement
    • mitral valve regurgitation
  507. MVS
    • mitral valve stenosis
    • motor vascular and sensory
  508. NAAT
    nucleic acid amplification test
  509. NAD
    no acute/apparent distress
  510. NAFLD
    nonalcoholic fatty liver disease
  511. NASH
    nonalcoholic steatohepatitis
  512. N/C
    • noncontributory
    • nasal cannula
  513. NC/AT
    normocephalic/atraumatic
  514. NG
    nasogastric
  515. NGT
    nasogastric tube
  516. NHL
    non-hodgkin's lymphoma
  517. NIDDM
    non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus
  518. NIH
    national institutes of health
  519. NKA
    no known allergies
  520. NL
    normal
  521. NNRTI
    nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor
  522. NOS
    not otherwise specified
  523. NPH
    • neutral protamine Hagedorn
    • normal pressure hydrocephalus
  524. NPN
    nonprotein nitrogen
  525. NPO
    nothing by mouth
  526. NRTI
    nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor
  527. NS
    • neurosurgery
    • normal saline
  528. NSAID
    nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug
  529. NSCLC
    nonsmall cell lung cancer
  530. NSR
    normal sinus rhythm
  531. NSS
    normal saline solution
  532. NSVD
    normal spontaneous vaiginal delivery
  533. NTG
    nitriglycerin
  534. NT/ND
    nontender/nondistended
  535. N/V
    nausea and vomiting
  536. NVD
    • nausea/vomiting/diarrhea
    • neck vein distention
    • nonvalvular disease
    • neovascularization of the disk
  537. NYHA
    new york heart association
  538. O & P
    ova and parasites
  539. OA
    osteoarthritis
  540. OB
    obstetrics
  541. OBS
    organic brain syndrome
  542. OCD
    obsessive-compulsive disorder
  543. OCG
    oral cholecystogram
  544. OD
    • right eye
    • overdose
    • doctor of optometry
  545. OGT
    oral glucose tolerance test
  546. OHTx
    orthotopic heart transplantation
  547. OLTX
    orthotopic liver transplantation
  548. OME
    otitis media with effusion
  549. OOB
    out of bed
  550. OPD
    outpatient department
  551. OPG
    ocular plethysmography
  552. OPV
    oral poliovirus vaccine
  553. OR
    operating room
  554. ORT
    oral rehydration therapy
  555. OS
    left eye
  556. OSA
    obstructive sleep apnea
  557. OT
    occupational therapy
  558. OTC
    over the counter
  559. OU
    each eye
  560. P
    • pulse
    • plan
    • percussion
    • pressure
  561. P & A
    percussion and ausculation
  562. P & T
    peak and trough
  563. PA
    • physician assistant
    • posterior-anterior
    • pulmonary artery
  564. PAC
    premature atrial contraction
  565. PaCO2
    arterial carbon dioxide tension
  566. PaO2
    arterial oxygen tension
  567. PAOP
    pulmonary artery occlusion pressure
  568. PAT
    paroxysmal atrial tachycardia
  569. PBI
    protein-bound iodine
  570. PBSCT
    peripheral blood stem cell transplantation
  571. PC
    after meals
  572. PCA
    patient-controlled analgeisa
  573. PCI
    percutaneous coronary intervention
  574. PCKD
    polycystic ovarian syndrome
  575. PCN
    penicillin
  576. PCOS
    polycystic ovarian syndrome
  577. PCP
    • primary care physician
    • phencyclidine
    • Pneumocystis (carinii) jiroveci pneumonia
  578. PCWP
    pulmonary capillary wedge pressure
  579. PDA
    patent ductus arteriosus
  580. PDE
    phosphodiesterase
  581. PE
    • physical examination
    • pulmonary embolism
  582. PEEP
    positive end-expiratory pressure
  583. PEFR
    peak expiatory flow rate
  584. PEG
    • percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy
    • polyethylene glycol
  585. PERLA
    pupils equal, react to light and accommodation
  586. PET
    positron emission tomography
  587. PFT
    pulmonary function test
  588. pH
    hydrogen ion concentration
  589. PharmD
    doctor of pharmacy
  590. PI
    • principal investigator
    • protease inhibitor
  591. PICC
    peripherally inserted central catheter
  592. PID
    pelvic inflammatory disease
  593. PIP
    proximal interphalangeal
  594. PKU
    phenylketonuria
  595. PMD
    private medical doctor
  596. PMH
    past medical history
  597. PMI
    point of maximal impulse
  598. PMN
    polymorphonuclear leukocyte
  599. PMS
    premenstrual syndrome
  600. PNC-E
    postnecrotic-cirrhosis-ethanol
  601. PND
    paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea
  602. PNH
    paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria
  603. po
    by mouth
  604. POAG
    primary open-angle glaucoma
  605. POD
    postoperative day
  606. POS
    polycystic ovarian syndrome
  607. PP
    patient profile
  608. PPBG
    postprandial blood glucose
  609. ppd
    packs per day
  610. PPD
    purified protein derivative
  611. PPH
    past psychotic history
  612. PPI
    proton pump inhibitor
  613. PPN
    peripheral parental nutrition
  614. pr
    per rectum
  615. PR
    • progesterone receptor
    • partial remission
  616. PRA
    • panel-reactive antibody
    • plasma renin activity
  617. PRBC
    packed red blood cells
  618. PRN
    • when necessary 
    • as needed
  619. PSA
    prostate-specific antigen
  620. PSCT
    peripheral stem cell transplant
  621. PSE
    portal system encephalopthy
  622. PSH
    past surgical history
  623. PSVT
    paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia
  624. PT
    • prothrombin time
    • physical therapy 
    • patient
    • posterior tibial
  625. PTA
    prior to admission
  626. PTCA
    percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty
  627. PTE
    pulmonary thromboembolism
  628. PTH
    parathyroid hormone
  629. PTSD
    posttraumatic stress hormone
  630. PTT
    partial thromboplastin time
  631. PTU
    propylthiouracil
  632. PUD
    peptic ulcer disease
  633. PVC
    premature ventricular contraction
  634. PVD
    peripheral vascular disease
  635. Q
    every
  636. QA
    quality assurance
  637. QD
    every day
  638. QI
    quality improvement
  639. QID
    4 times a day
  640. QNS
    quantity not sufficient
  641. QOD
    every other day
  642. QOL
    quality of life
  643. QS
    quantity sufficient
  644. R & M
    routine and microscopic
  645. RA
    • rheumatoid arthritis
    • right atrium
  646. RADT
    rapid antigen detection test
  647. RAIU
    radioactive iodine uptake
  648. RAO
    right anterior oblique
  649. RBBB
    right bundle branch block
  650. RBC
    red blood cell
  651. RCA
    right coronary artery
  652. RCM
    right costal margin
  653. RDA
    recommended daily allowance
  654. RDP
    random donor platelets
  655. RDS
    respiratory distress syndrome
  656. RDW
    red cell distribution width
  657. REM
    rapid eye movement
  658. RES
    reticuloendothelial system
  659. RF
    • rheumatoid factor
    • renal failure
    • rheumatic fever
  660. Rh
    rhesus factor in blood
  661. RHD
    rheumatic heart disease
  662. RLE
    right lower extremity
  663. RLL
    right lower lobe
  664. RLQ
    right lower quadrant(abdomen)
  665. RML
    right middle lobe
  666. RN
    registered nurse
  667. RNA
    ribonucleic acid
  668. R/O
    rule out
  669. ROM
    range of motion
  670. ROS
    review of systems
  671. RPGN
    rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis
  672. RPh
    registered pharmacist
  673. RPR
    rapid plasma reagin
  674. RR
    • respiratory rate
    • recovery room
  675. RRR
    regular rate and rhythm
  676. RRT
    registered respiratory therapist
  677. RSV
    respiratory syncytial virus
  678. RT
    radiation therapy
  679. RTA
    renal tubular acidosis
  680. RTC
    return to clinic
  681. RT-PCR
    reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction
  682. RUE
    right upper extremity
  683. RUQ
    right upper quadrant(abdomen)
  684. RVH
    right ventricular hypertrophy
  685. S1
    1st heart sound
  686. S2
    2nd heart sound
  687. S3
    3rd heart sound(ventricular gallop)
  688. S4
    4th heart sound(atrial gallop)
  689. SA
    sinoatrial
  690. SAAG
    serum ascites-albumin gradient
  691. SAD
    seasonal affective disorder
  692. SAH
    subarachnoid hemorrhage
  693. Sao2
    arterial oxygen percent saturation
  694. SBE
    subacute bacterial endocarditis
  695. SBFT
    small bowel follow-through
  696. SBGM
    self blood glucose monitoring
  697. SBP
    • systolic blood pressure
    • spontaneous bacterial peritonitis
  698. SC
    • subcutaneous
    • subclavian
  699. SCID
    severe combined immunodeficiency
  700. SCLC
    small cell lung cancer
  701. SCr
    serum creatinine
  702. SDP
    single donor platelets
  703. SEM
    systolic ejection murmur
  704. SG
    specific gravity
  705. SGOT
    serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase
  706. SCT
    stem cell transplantation
  707. SGPT
    serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase
  708. SH
    social history
  709. SIADH
    syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion
  710. SIDS
    sudden infant death syndrome
  711. SIMV
    synchronized intermittent mandatory ventilation
  712. SIRS
    systemic inflammatory response syndrome
  713. SL
    sublingual
  714. SLE
    systemic lupus erythematous
  715. SJS
    Steven's-Johnson Syndrome
  716. SMBG
    self-monitoring of blood glucose
  717. SNF
    skilled nursing facility
  718. SNRI
    serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor
  719. SNS
    sympathetic nervous system
  720. SOS
    sinusoidal obstruction syndrome
  721. SOB
    • shortness of breath
    • side of bed
  722. S/P
    status post
  723. SPEP
    serum protein electrophoresis
  724. SPF
    sun protection factor
  725. SRI
    serotonin reuptake inhibitor
  726. SRMD
    stress-related mucosal damage
  727. SSKI
    saturated solution of potassium iodide
  728. SSRI
    selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor
  729. STAT
    • immediately
    • at once
  730. STD
    sexually transmitted disease
  731. STI
    sexually transmitted infection
  732. SUP
    stress ulcer prophylaxis
  733. SV
    stroke volume
  734. SVC
    superior vena cava
  735. SVR
    • supraventricular rhythm
    • systemic vascular resistance
  736. SVRI
    systemic vascular resistance index
  737. SVT
    supraventricular tachycardia
  738. SW
    social worker
  739. SWI
    surgical wound infection
  740. Sx
    symptoms
  741. T
    temperature
  742. T & A
    tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy
  743. T & C
    type and crossmatch
  744. TAH
    total abdominal hysterectomy
  745. TB
    tuberculosis
  746. TBG
    thyroid-binding globulin
  747. TBI
    • total body irradiation
    • traumatic brain injury
  748. T. bili
    total bilirubin
  749. T/C
    to consider
  750. TCA
    tricyclic antidepressant
  751. TCN
    tetracycline
  752. TED
    thromboembolic disease
  753. TEE
    transesophageal echcardiogram
  754. TEN
    toxic epidermal necrolysis
  755. TENS
    transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation
  756. TFT
    thyroid function test
  757. TG
    triglyceride
  758. THA
    total hip arthroplasty
  759. THC
    tetrahydrocannabinol
  760. TIA
    transient ischemic attack
  761. TIBC
    total iron-binding capacity
  762. TID
    3 times a day
  763. TIH
    tumor induced hypercalcemia
  764. TIPS
    transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt
  765. TKA
    total knee arthroplasty
  766. TLC
    therapeutic lifestyle changes
  767. TLI
    total lymphoid irradiation
  768. TLS
    tumor lysis syndrome
  769. TM
    tympanic membrane
  770. TMJ
    temporomandibular joint
  771. TMP/SMX
    tremethoprim-sulfamethoxazole
  772. TnI
    troponin I (cardiac)
  773. TnT
    troponin T
  774. TNTC
    too numerous to count
  775. TOD
    target organ damage
  776. TPN
    total parental nutrition
  777. TPR
    temperature pulse respiration
  778. T. prot
    total protein
  779. TSH
    thyroid-stimulating hormone
  780. TSS
    toxic shock syndrome
  781. TTP
    thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura
  782. TUIP
    transurethral incision of the prostate
  783. TURP
    transurethral resection of the prostate
  784. Tx
    • treat
    • treatment
  785. UA
    • urinalysis
    • uric acid
  786. UC
    ulcerative colitis
  787. UCD
    usual childhood diseases
  788. UE
    upper extremity
  789. UFC
    urinary free cortisol
  790. UGI
    upper gastrointestinal
  791. UOQ
    upper outer quadrant
  792. UPT
    urine pregnancy test
  793. URI
    upper respiratory infection
  794. USP
    united states pharmacopeia
  795. UTI
    urinary tract infection
  796. UV
    ultraviolet
  797. VA
    veteran's affairs
  798. VAMC
    veteran's affairs medical center
  799. VDRL
    general disease research laboratory
  800. VF
    ventricular fibrillation
  801. VL
    vital load
  802. VLDL
    very low density lipoprotein
  803. VNA
    visiting nurses' association
  804. VO
    verbal order
  805. VOD
    veno-occlusive disease
  806. VP-16
    etoposide
  807. VA/Q
    ventilation/perfusion
  808. VRE
    vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus
  809. VS
    vital signs
  810. VSS
    vital signs stable
  811. VT
    ventricular tachycardia
  812. VTE
    venous thromboembolism
  813. WA
    while awake
  814. WBC
    white blood cell
  815. W/C
    wheelchair
  816. WDWN
    well-developed, well-nourished
  817. WHO
    world health organization
  818. WNL
    within normal limits
  819. W/U
    work-up
  820. Y-BOCS
    Yale-Brown obsessive-compulsive scale
  821. yo
    year-old
  822. yr
    year
  823. ZDV
    zidovudine

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