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What is solitary play? What age participates in solitary play? What are some example of solitary play?
- Independent Play
- Begins in infancy and is common in toddlers
- Important for all age groups
- Examples: seeing self in mirror, playing with mobile, making block towers
Who participates in parallel play? What are some examples of parallel play?
- Side by side with similar toys, but no interaction
- Usually Associated with Toddlers
- Example: two ids playing with cars but not playing with each other
What is associative play? Who participates in associative play? Give some examples of associative play
- Group play without group rules or goals
- No formal organization
- Similar toys and may trade toys
- Toddler into preschool
- Example: free play at a daycare
What is cooperative play and at what age does it occur? Give an example of cooperative play
- Organized with group goals
- Usually one group leader
- Kids are either in or out of the group
- Begins in late preschool
- Examples: playing pretend (playing house), sports games, board games
What is onlooker play and what age participates in onlooker play?
- Child observes other playing
- Starts in toddlerhood, but can be observed at any age
What are the classifications of play according to Piaget?
- Practice Play: functional or sensorimotor. Contains repetitive muscle movements such as running, gathering and dumping things
- Symbolic Play: Uses games or interactions to address an issue. Involves the use of an object (syringe), a theme (injection) and roles (nurse & child).
- Games: learn rules and to take turns (late preschool to school age children)
What are subcategories of play according to Piaget?
- Dramatic play: act our roles (such as acting our parental roles in playing house)
- Familiarization play: handling objects in a way that is fun and non-threatening
What is the purpose of play?
- Enhances fine and gross motor development
- Increases problem solving abilities
- Strengthens language abilities
- Reduces stress and is a way of coping
- Increases self-esteem
- Helps develop social skills
- Learn teamwork and competition
- Helps in forming moral values
What is the function of play in the hospital?
- Facilitates mastery over unfamiliar situation
- Opportunity to learn about body parts, body function, disease
- Corrects misconceptions about medical equipment through familiarization
- Provides diversion and promotes relaxation
- Increases feelings of security
- Lessens homesickness
- Encourages interactions with others
- Provides and expressive outlet for creative ideas
- Provides a means for accomplishing therapeutic goals
Give some example of play activities that can be used in the hospital
- Fluid intake with little measuring cups or squirting filled syringes in mouth, slushies, tea parties
- Deep breathing by blowing bubbles or party blowers
- Range of Motion by dancing, playing twister, riding tricycles, modeling clay, rock walls
- Soaks by playing with toys in tub
- Let kids give fake injections to dolls and use the syringes to paint
- Ambulation by letting the ids use push toys or have a parade
- Extend the environment by moving the beds into a play room with others