Pediatric Play Exam 1

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Pediatric Play Exam 1
2014-09-14 19:26:36
LCCC Nursing Pediatric

For Gosselin's Exam 1
Show Answers:

  1. What is solitary play? What age participates in solitary play? What are some example of solitary play?
    • Independent Play
    • Begins in infancy and is common in toddlers
    • Important for all age groups
    • Examples: seeing self in mirror, playing with mobile, making block towers
  2. Who participates in parallel play? What are some examples of parallel play?
    • Side by side with similar toys, but no interaction
    • Usually Associated with Toddlers
    • Example: two ids playing with cars but not playing with each other
  3. What is associative play? Who participates in associative play? Give some examples of associative play
    • Group play without group rules or goals
    • No formal organization
    • Similar toys and may trade toys
    • Toddler into preschool
    • Example: free play at a daycare
  4. What is cooperative play and at what age does it occur? Give an example of cooperative play
    • Organized with group goals
    • Usually one group leader
    • Kids are either in or out of the group
    • Begins in late preschool
    • Examples: playing pretend (playing house), sports games, board games
  5. What is onlooker play and what age participates in onlooker play?
    • Child observes other playing
    • Starts in toddlerhood, but can be observed at any age
  6. What are the classifications of play according to Piaget?
    • Practice Play: functional or sensorimotor. Contains repetitive muscle movements such as running, gathering and dumping things
    • Symbolic Play: Uses games or interactions to address an issue. ┬áInvolves the use of an object (syringe), a theme (injection) and roles (nurse & child).
    • Games: learn rules and to take turns (late preschool to school age children)
  7. What are subcategories of play according to Piaget?
    • Dramatic play: act our roles (such as acting our parental roles in playing house)
    • Familiarization play: handling objects in a way that is fun and non-threatening
  8. What is the purpose of play?
    • Enhances fine and gross motor development
    • Increases problem solving abilities
    • Strengthens language abilities
    • Reduces stress and is a way of coping
    • Increases self-esteem
    • Helps develop social skills
    • Learn teamwork and competition
    • Helps in forming moral values
  9. What is the function of play in the hospital?
    • Facilitates mastery over unfamiliar situation
    • Opportunity to learn about body parts, body function, disease
    • Corrects misconceptions about medical equipment through familiarization
    • Provides diversion and promotes relaxation
    • Increases feelings of security
    • Lessens homesickness
    • Encourages interactions with others
    • Provides and expressive outlet for creative ideas
    • Provides a means for accomplishing therapeutic goals
  10. Give some example of play activities that can be used in the hospital
    • Fluid intake with little measuring cups or squirting filled syringes in mouth, slushies, tea parties
    • Deep breathing by blowing bubbles or party blowers
    • Range of Motion by dancing, playing twister, riding tricycles, modeling clay, rock walls
    • Soaks by playing with toys in tub
    • Let kids give fake injections to dolls and use the syringes to paint
    • Ambulation by letting the ids use push toys or have a parade
    • Extend the environment by moving the beds into a play room with others