Semes2_Anat_Week_3_Nervous System_Elisa_GBC_2

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Semes2_Anat_Week_3_Nervous System_Elisa_GBC_2
2014-09-15 20:38:33
Semes2 Anat Week Nervous System Elisa GBC
Semes2_Anat_Week_3_Nervous System_Elisa_GBC_2
Semes2_Anat_Week_3_Nervous System_Elisa_GBC_2
Show Answers:

  1. What is the function of the CNS?
    • Sensory input
    • integration of the info
    • Motor out put
  2. What is the function of the PERIPHERAL nervous system (PNS)
    The PNS nevers extend from the brain to the spine cord

    Function - serve as communication lines among the sensory organs
  3. The PNS is apart of the outside nervous system
    •Sensory (afferent)(TOWARDS) division–Nerve fibers that carry information to the central nervous system

    •Motor (Efferent) (exit) division–Nerve fibers that carry impulses away from the central nervous system organs
  4. The Motor or EFFERENT division breaks down into which 2 sub division?

    a. Voluntary and Involuntary
    b. Somatic and Autonomic
    c. CNS and PNS
    d. All of the above
    b. Somatic and Autonomic!!!

    •Somatic nervous system = voluntary

    •Autonomic nervous system = involuntary
  5. What are the FOUR types of nervous tissue?

    • Astrocytes–
    • Microglia
    • Oligodendrocytes
    • Ependymal cells
  6. What is the function of an Astrocytes
    * Star shaped cell the count for nearly HALF neural tissue.

    *they have swollen ends that cling to neurons that anchor them to the blood capillaries.

    * they help to protect neurons from harmful substances in the blood

    * help to control the chemical environment in the brain by mopping up leaked potassium ions

  7. what is the function of the Microglia?
    the shape is spider like

    they are phagocytes that monitor neurons and dispose of debri

    (For example - Dead brain cells and bacteria
  8. What is the function of Ependymal cells?
    * The Ependymal cells line the central cavity of the brain & spinal cord

    * The beating of the cilia help circulate cerebrospinal fluid
  9. What is the function of the Oligodendrocytes?
    they wrap their flat extentions around nerve fibers producing fatty insulin called myelin sheaths
  10. What is the function of –Dendrites?
    DEndrites convey incoming electrical messages toward the cell body
  11. What is the function of the Axons?
    Axons generate nerve impulses and conduct them AWAY from the cell body
  12. what is another name for neurons?
    Nerve cells
  13. Never cells:
    transmit messages from one part of the body to the other
  14. What and where is grey matter?
    Grey matter contains mostly un-myelinated fibers & cell bodies
  15. What is WHITE matter?
    White matter consists of thick myelinated fibers (tracks)
  16. What do you call the bundles of nerve fibers running in the CNS?

    A.  Tracts
    B.  Nerves
    A.  Tracts
  17. What do you call the bundles of nerve fibers running in the PNS?

    A.  Nerves
    B.  TRacts
    A.  Nerves
  18. Sensory (afferent) (towards) neurons do what?
    •detect stimuli such as light, heat, pressure; •transmit information about stimuli to CNS;
  19. Motor (efferent) neurons do what?
    • Carry impulses from the central nervous system to viscera, muscles, or glands
  20. what are the two Functional Properties of Neurons
    •Irritability = –respond to a stimulus and convert it to a nerve impulse

    •Conductivity = –transmit the impulse to other neurons, muscles, or glands
  21. What does it mean when the neuron is polarized?
    it means there are LESS positive ions sitting on the inner face of the neuron than there are on the outside
  22. True or false?

    As long as the inside of the cell remains more negative than the outside, the neuron will stay active

    The inside of the cell must always be more NEGATIVE
  23. What is an action potential?
    The action potential is an explosion of electrical activity that is created by a depolarizing current.  (A LONG DISTANCE SIGNAL)
  24. What is another name for action potential?
    Nerve impluse
  25. What is a resting membrane potential is?
    Resting membrane of a neuron is about -70 mV.

    This means that the inside of the neuron is -70 mV 

    At rest, there are more sodium ions outside the neuron 

    More potassium ions inside that neuron.
  26. Is sodium more positive outside the cell or inside the cell?
    Na+ is the major positive ion outside the cell
  27. Resting neuron:
    –The plasma membrane at rest is polarized

    –As long as inside is more negative than outside, the cell stays at rest
  28. What does a resting neuron have to be at rest?

    A. more negative inside
    B. more negative outside?
    A. more negative inside
  29. Action potential initiation and generation:
    A stimulus depolarizes the neuron’s membrane

    The membrane is now permeable to sodium as sodium channels open

    A depolarized membrane allows sodium (Na+) to flow inside the membrane