SGU ANATOMYII HORSE THORAX.
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How many pairs of ribs does a horse have?
Why does the lumbar area apear short.
The thoracic cage is long.
The ribs progressively slope caudally producing what?
a laterally compressed chest.
Horses intercostal spaces are wide or thin?
Wide (ribs are slender).
The sternum tilts?
The caudal angle of the scapula is at the level of the ___ rib?
The vertex of the diaphram is at?
the lower part of the 6th intercostal space or 7th rib.
1) The right crus attaches to?
2) The left?
3) The sternal?
- 1) the first four or five lumbar vertebrae (via the ventral longitudinal ligament)
- 2) the first two lumbar vertebrae
- 3) xiphoid cartilage
Why is the costodiaphragmatic line of pleural reflection of clinical importance?
The diaphragm attaches to the costal wall, caudal to this line; and the peritoneal cavity can be punctured behind this line without entering the pleural cavity.
What is the costodiaphragmatic recess? Why is it unique in the horse?
The costodiaphragmatic recess is the narrow space bordered immediately by the diaphragm and thoracic wall. In the horse is within the thoracic cage, narrow and extensive.
True or False? The mediastinum is poorly supported by subpleural connective tissue?
Which lung lobe is larger?
Where can the cardiac notches be found in the left and right lung lobes?
- -3rd to 6th intercostal spaces (left lung).
- -3rd to 4 intercostal spaces (right lung).
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