Horse Production Exam #1

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Author:
lacamp11
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283280
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Horse Production Exam #1
Updated:
2014-09-24 22:29:57
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horse
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Horse Production Exam #1
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  1. What were some evolutionary trends of horses?
    • Taller
    • Faster
    • Less toes
    • Stronger and shorter back
  2. Scientific name of the modern horse
    Equus caballus
  3. What was significant about the horse industry in the 1960's?
    Increase in ownership for pleasure, show, racing
  4. During what time did the population of pleasure horses peak in the U.S?
    1975-1985
  5. What are 5 service enterprises in the horse industry?
    • Boarding
    • Training
    • Sales companies
    • Riding lessons
    • Reproduction specialist
  6. What are 5 product based enterprises in the horse industry?
    • Breeding stock
    • Show stock
    • Stallions
    • Racing
    • Pleasure horses
  7. What are the top 3 leading states in horse numbers?
    • Texas
    • California
    • Florida
  8. What is the name of the highest selling Thoroughbred and price?
    • The Green Monkey
    • $16,000,000
  9. Top 3 breeds in KY
    • Thoroughbred
    • Quarter Horse
    • Tennessee Walking Horse
  10. What are the top 5 countries in horse numbers?
    • U.S.A
    • China
    • Mexico
    • Brazil
    • Argentina
  11. Conformation
    physical appearance of an animal due to the arrangement of muscle, bone and other body tissue
  12. What are the four things to consider when evaluating conformation of a horse? Which is most important?
    • Balance- most important
    • Structural correctness
    • Muscling
    • Breed & sex characteristics
  13. What % of weight does a horse carry on its front end?
    60-65%
  14. How do you evaluate the neck?
    • Long
    • Clean
    • High tying
    • 2 to 1 ratio (bottom being shorter than top)
  15. How do you evaluate the back?
    • Short
    • Straight
    • Prominent withers
    • Short topline
    • Longer bottom line
  16. Conformation
    physical appearance of an animal due to the arrangement of muscle, bone and other body tissue
  17. Top 3 breeds in KY
    • Thoroughbred
    • Quarter Horse
    • Tennessee Walking Horse
  18. Two product related enterprises
    • Show stock
    • Breeding stock
  19. Two service related enterprises
    • Boarding
    • Reproduction specialist
  20. Top 3 Horse States
    • Texas
    • California
    • Florida
  21. Top 3 countries in horse numbers
    • USA
    • China
    • Mexico
  22. Scientific name of modern horse
    Equus Caballus
  23. Unsoundness
    condition which impairs the usefulness of the horse
  24. Blemish
    • physical imperfection which does not affect usefulness
    • some unsoundness will eventually become blemishes
  25. Bone Spavin
    • U
    • Ossification between bones of the hock which inhibits range of motion
  26. Bog Spavin
    • U/B
    • Filled depression at front of hock
  27. Thoroughpin
    • B
    • soft swelling in web of hock due to tendon strain can be moved manually
  28. Curb or sickle hock
    • U
    • hard swelling on back of rear canon due to thickening of the long plantar ligament
  29. Quarter Crack
    • U/B
    • vertical split in hoof wall
  30. Navicular disease
    • U
    • inflammation, deterioration or fracture of the navicular bone, generally lame
  31. Bowed Tendon
    • U
    • inflammation, stretching, damage of the flexor tendon
  32. Splint
    • B
    • Ossification of the splint bones, usually medial
  33. Thrush
    • B
    • fungal infection of the frog
  34. Quittor
    • U
    • fistula of the hoof
  35. Sidebone
    • U/B
    • Ossification of lateral cartilage, caused by poor conformation or stress
  36. Ringbone
    • U
    • Ossification of pastern bone which may involve joints
  37. Epiphysitis
    • U (may recover)
    • swelling of joints due to metabolic disorder which alters normal bone growth
  38. Wind galls/ wind puffs
    • U/B
    • soft swellings occurring on either side of tendons above fetlockor knee

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