Texas Gov't Exam 1

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  1. What barrier to voting in post Reconstruction Texas was rarely used?
  2. What eliminated barriers to voting for blacks?
    voting rights act of 1965
  3. How can one get his/her name on the ballot in Tx?
    being named by a national party committee
  4. Electronic voting in Tx:
    costly but viewed as a necessary investment
  5. Describe early voting in Tx.
    permitted w/o giving an explanation since 1998
  6. Closed primary election:
    contest excludes supporters of other political parties
  7. Open primary election:
    voters do not declare party affiliation to partipate
  8. NOT an example of direct democracy.
    elections on constitutional amendments
  9. Suffrage:
    right to vote
  10. Eliminated the use of white primaries in Tx:
    SCOTUS decision
  11. Voting Rights Act of 1965:
    was initiated by American federal gov't, not the Tx state gov't
  12. Electoral candidate w/o political part affiliation:
    independent candidate
  13. Help America Vote Act:
    standardized election procedures
  14. What day are national elections held:
    first Tuesday after the first Monday in November
  15. Candidate who already holds the office up for election:
  16. Second order elections refer to:
    election in which offices below the national chief executive are elected
  17. Voter turnout:
    # of ppl casting ballots in a given election
  18. Describes the development of political parties in Tx:
    democratic party support has dominated election results for most of the state's history
  19. describe patronage:
    rewards from elected officials for campaign supporters
  20. NOT a function of political parties
    build cohesion between the state party and the directives of the nat'l party
  21. NOT part of the state party organization:
    state convention delegates
  22. Theoretical view that each party should hold firmly to a clear and consistent set of policies refers to:
    responsible party model
  23. "Chronic minority"
    • group that rarely wins elections
    • rarely achieves majority status
    • sees few reasons for active engagement
    • must look outside its area for representation
  24. Temporary party organization:
    where ordinary party members meet
  25. Permanent party organization:
    where party officials meet
  26. Political party plank:
    individual issue positions of the party platform
  27. By the year ____, Democrats were unable to effectively challenge Republican for any statewide office.
  28. Grassroots organization:
    group in which decistion making resides w/ avg citizens
  29. What would make a runoff primary necessary?
    no candidate receiving a majority of the votes
  30. 2 party officers that primary voters elect?
    • precinct chair
    • county chair
  31. Tx 2 step:
    candidates must win a 2 step election process
  32. Organized interests:
    benefit by the vacuum left by a lack of party competition in Tx
  33. Texas economic interest group:
    Tx State Teachers Assn.
  34. The phenomena of legislators and members of the executive branch moving easily from gov't office to lucrative positions w/ lobbying firms:
    revolving door
  35. Idea that a greater number of organized interests means wider participation and a healthier democracy:
    pluralist perspective
  36. Idea that a greater number of narrow interests makes it difficult to formulate public policy that will serve the broader public interest:
  37. Public interest group:
    org. that pursue noneconomic policies on behalf of the general populace
  38. Trade assn:
    org. of similar businesses working together to advance shared goals
  39. Labor union:
    org that represents the interests of working ppl seeking better pay and better working conditions
  40. _____ is the method used by organized interests to try to shape public policy by influencing those elected or appointed to office (usually face to face)
  41. _____ is when a group takes its case to court, filing a lawsuit b/c it believes the rights of its members have been violated.
  42. How does the part time nature of Tx gov't create greater opportunity for the influence of organized interest than in states w/ full time gov't?
    legislators rely on interests for the information they provide
  43. Organized interests can best overcome the free rider problem to join by providing:
    selective incentives that only group members can enjoy
  44. A benfit of joining a group that is merely the good feelings one enjoys from voicing his/her support for a worthy cause is a(n):
  45. Tx Office of State Federal Relations would be an example of which type of organized interest?
  46. Contributing funds to candidates through a political action committee (PAC) is an example of organized interest:
  47. Organized interests represent constituents  in the following ways:
    • speak for voters
    • voice concerns
    • forum to share position of certain issue
    • bring party leaders attn to important issues
  48. What is the defined feature of the astroturf movement?
    propelled primarily by political elites
  49. What is true about Tx law on lobbyist and political contributions to legislators?
    no restrictions as long as they are registered with the state
  50. Quote:

    those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it
    George Santayana
  51. quote:

    if the ppl are to be our governors, they must arm themselves with knowledge
    James Madison
  52. quote:

    i know of no safe depository of the ultimate powers of the society but ppl themselves; and if we think them not enlightened enough to exercise their control with a wholesome discretion, the remedy is not to take if from them, but to inform their discretion by education
    Thomas Jefferson
  53. quote:

    a popular gov't, w/o popular information, or the means of acquiring it, is but a prologue to a farce of a tragedy...a ppl who mean to be their own governors must arm themselves w/ the power which knowledge gives
    James Madison
  54. quote:

    a man who has nothing for which he is willing to fight; nothing he cares about more than his own personal safety, is a miserable creature who has no chance of being free, unless made and kept so by the exertions of better men than himself
    John Stuart Mill
  55. quote:

    do not despise compromise, for it is the cement that keeps this country together
    Henry Clay
  56. quote:

    gov't is too important to be a spectator sport
    Barbara Jordan
  57. quote:

    mischief's of a faction
    James Madison
  58. quote:

    taxes are what we pay for civilized society
    Oliver Wendall Holmes
  59. quote:

    the legitimate object of gov't, is to do for a community of ppl, whatever they need to have done, but cannot do, at all, or cannot so well do, for themselves in their seperate, and individual capacities
    Abe Lincoln
  60. quote:

    its not the critic that counts
    Theodore Roosevelt
  61. quote:

    all the forces of darkness need to succeed...is for ppl to do nothing
    Edmund Burke
  62. quote:

    it is better to be silent and be thought a fool than to open one's mouth and remove all doubt
    Abe Lincoln
  63. quote:

    monsters exist, but they are too few in number to be truly dangerous
    Primo Levi
  64. definition:

    minimal role for gov't and maximum individual rights.
    philosophy of Thomas Jefferson and authors of the Constitution
    ppl have natural rights apart from gov't
    classical liberalism
  65. definition:

    gov't should solve social problems
    gov't should regulate work place and the economy
    respect for civil liberties
    modern (contemporary) liberalism
  66. definition:

    more citizen voter involvement
    attempts to give them a greater voice in the decision making process
  67. definition:

    minimal role for gov't
    pro business (corporation)
    opposed to minimum wage
    traditional conservatism
  68. definition:

    religious right
    radical right
    personal moral beliefs
    social conservatism
  69. definition:

    believe gov't cannot fix social and economic problems
    focused on creating wealth
    anti welfare and redistribution of wealth
  70. definition:

    some elements of anarchism
    want little to no gov't
    oppose moral crime laws (abortion, porn)
    oppose regulations on business
    want gold standard
  71. 8 great works of American literature:
    • 1. Democracy in America (Tocqueville)
    • 2. Declaration of Independence (Jefferson)
    • 3. Federalist Papers (Jefferson)
    • 4. Constitution
    • 5. Bill of Rights
    • 6. Gettyburg Address
    • 7. Inaugural Address (Lincoln)
    • 8. President Grant's memoirs
  72. Amendment that gave women the right to vote:
    19th amendment
  73. First female governor:
    Miriam (MA) Ferguson-Tx-1925
  74. 26th Amendment:
    18-20 y/o were given the right to vote
  75. Texas primary date:

    Texas runoff date:
    1st Tuesday in March of even yrs

    4th Tuesday in May of even yrs
  76. smallest geographical political unit:
    election precinct
  77. open primary:

    closed primary:
    all candidates on one ballot

    voting limited to party membership
Card Set:
Texas Gov't Exam 1
2014-09-18 01:20:11
Texas govt exam1

Exam 1 notes and reviews
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