The Mystery Of History Volume II A- The Early Church.txt

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            And the first followers of
    • The Apostles filled with the Holy Spirit, spoke in different tongues. Peter preached, 3000 people saved, on the day of Pentecost - 50 days in Greek- 50 days after Passover. Jews given law 50 days after the Exodus, 3,000 people died. At the beautiful gate, Peter and John heal lame man. Acts 5:12-16 they brought the sick out into the streets, so that at least the shadow of Peter would fall apron them, all were healed. The Holy Spirit fell apon the Gentiles. Shows that God kept his promise to Abraham. Peter and John in prison. Angel let them out. Steven stoned, was the first Christian martyr.
    • c. A.D. 33. and following
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    • Saul of Tarsus persecuted the believers was a devout Jew, son of a Pharisee, the most faithful Jews of the day. On his way to Damascus, bright light, herd a voice (Jesus), became blind, became a Christian. Pharisees shocked, Christians frightened, not sure of him. Escaped in a basket lowered over the city wall. Returned to Tarsus. Stayed for 10 years. Barnabas found Saul and took him to Antioch. Stayed for a year teaching. Saul and Barnabas go to Judea to relive suffering brethren. Some believe name Paul used to signify the change in his life, others believe he took the name from one of his first converts, and some think Saul was his jewish name, and Paul was his roman name.
    • c. A.D. 35
  3.         Paul's Missionary Journeys
    • Paul and Barnabus were the first missionaries of Christ. Paul's First Missionary Journey traveled to nine cities with Barnabus. He taught in synagogues, preformed miracles. Many believed. Mob threw stones at Paul untill they thought he was dead (Paul survived). Paul's Second Missionary Journey, traveled to twelve cities, traveled with Silas and Timothy, but not Barnabus. Paul healed slave girl, so the girl's owners got upset, so he and Silas were beatened and prisoned. They a sang praises, then earthquake. The Jailer became a Christian. At Athens, Paul Taught at Mars Hill, many Greeks believed. Paul stayed in Corinth, making and selling tents with Prisilla and Aquilla. Paul's Third Missionary Journey, At Ephesus, Demetrius the silversmith gathered a large crowd because he was losing money because he made idol. In Jerusalem the Jews wanted to kill Paul. Paul's nephew told Roman centurion, who helped Paul escape to Caesarea. There, Paul stood trial before Felix, Festus, and Herod Agrippa, who all found him not guilty. Paul requested that the emperor hear his case. Traveled to Rome, was shipwrecked. In Malta, he survived his poisonous snakebite, healed a man of a severe fever. In Rome, he was under house arrest. Died as a martyr under rule of Nero.
    • c. A.D. 46-66
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    At age 17 became roman emperor. First humble and bothered by his first death sentence and the gladiators, but later developed cruel, selfish and paranoid disposition. Thought his mother was going to take his kingdom, his mistress Poppaea convinced him that it was true. Had his mother, his wife Octavia, half brother Seneca, and chief officer all killed. Hanged out in gangs, went to Greece, regularly preformed Greek theatre, played the lyre, and chariot raced. Publicly wined about the layout of the city, little room to build new palaces. Rome burned as he played the lyre by his window, blamed fire on the Christians. Said they drank human blood and ate human flesh (came from the bread and wine) had Peter and Paul killed. Christians hid in catacombs. Rome hated Nero, wanted to kill him, Nero tried to kill himself, his assistant did it for him.A.D. 37-68
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    •First Wave of Christian Persecution:By Emperor Nero, had Peter and Paul Killed•Second Wave Of Christian Persecution:By Emperor Domitian who wanted to be worshiped, John refused, exiled to isle of Patmos.•Third Wave Of Christian Persecution:Under Emperor Trajan, had Ignatius thrown to the lions in the colosseum. Symphorosa and seven sons perished. Faustines and Jovita killed. Polycarp bound to stake and burned alive. Emperor Antonius Pius stopped persecution• Fourth Wave Of Christian Persecution:Under Marcus Aurelius, Romans Chant the Christians to the lions. Justian Martyr (where the term martyr originated) a philosopher, died. Blandina a slave girl said " I am a Christian, among us no no evil is done".30 years later......•Fifth Wave Of Christian Persecution:Perpetua and Felicites Died • Sixth and Seventh Waves Of Christian Persecution:Christians Tortured • Eighth Wave Of Christian Persecution:Cyprian of Carthage beheaded for not sacrificing to Emperor Valerian"The blood of the martyrs is the seed of the church." - Tertullian c. A.D. 64-257
  6. Josephus
    • Josephus and Nero contemporaries. Josephus was a serious student. At age 16 he studied the 3 sects of Judaisim - Pharisees, Sadducees, and Essenes. When he was 19 he joined the Pharisees. Took a trip to Rome Thought the Jews would not stand a chance against Rome. Jews rebelled against Romans. Josephus was the commander of the Galileans. Forced to surrender, Josephus was imprisoned. When Vespasian, a friend of Josephus, became emperor, he set him free. He was employed by Vespasian's son - Titus Flavius - as an interpreter and meditator. Jews wanted to revolt again, Josephus tried to persuade them not to. At the end of the first Jewish revolt, Jerusalem destroyed, temple obliterated. Diaspora: Jews scattered to other countries. Josephus adopted Titus's family name- Flavius. Best Jewish Historian that ever lived. Wrote the Works Of Josephus.
    • A.D. 66
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    Fortress on a steep plateau in Israel. Zealots (sircarii, or daggermen) fled during First Jewish Revolt. They found Masada. Herod the Great lived there as a boy, used in wars with the Parthians, later Herod made it a stronger fortress. Had cisterns and storehouses to hold many years worth of food and rainwater. The Zealots under Eleazar Ben Yair took Masada. When the Emperor found out that nearly 1,000 Jews were at Masada, he sent 20,000 soldiers to Masada. The soldiers built a dirt ramp, and brought a battering ram up the ramp. They knocked out the outer wall, but then the ramp collapsed. 960 Jews commit suicide. Romans find Masada empty. Now soldiers swear allegiance to Israel at Masada. A.D. 66-73
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    In 1947 Bedouin Shepard boy exploring caves near Dead Sea, discovered hundreds of parchments: The entire Old Testament except Esther, The Apocrypha, and the records of the customs of the people who wrote these documents - The Essenes. They may have sprung from the Maccabees. The Essenes lived far away from cities, their library located at Qumran, near limestone cliffs and fossil beds of the dead sea. Most writings in Hebrew, but also in Aramaic and Greek. Scrolls well preserved due to the dry air of the region. Written on calfskin, sheepskin, papyrus & parchment. 200 - 400 people lived in Qumran, they raised sheep and cattle, farmed, and made date honey. They also had a potters shop and tannery (where leather is made). The Essenes may have left Qumran because of earthquakes or maybe because of the Romans.c. 100 B.C. - c. A.D. 75
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    August 24, A.D. 79 - Pompeii undergoing elections, traded with Egypt and Spain. (in A.D. 62 there was an earthquake.) Vesuvius - a volcano, looked peaceful. Contents of the mountain blew 12 miles high in the sky. Pumice fell back to earth, most of the debris stayed in the sky. 10 times stronger than Mt. St. Helens. Smoke blocked out the sun, indoors people thought it was an earthquake, outdoors people fled, but 2,000 residents died. Ash fell from the sky and suffocated hundreds of others who died in the avalanche of hot air and gases. 1700's found the city undisturbed, people in exact positions that they perished. Locals called it civitas, ancient city in Latin. A.D. 79
  10. Bar-Kokhba
    Bar- KokhbaWhen Jerusalem was destroyed in A.D. 70 Emperor Hadrian had another city built on top and named it Aelia Capitolina ( after himself, his middle name was Aelius.). He built a temple for jupiter on the spot were the temple had been. Bar-Kokhba (name means "star") was a powerful military leader, called himself Prince of Israel. He raised an army of 400,000 men. The qualification for being in his army : cut off part of your finger. Legend claims that he stopped a cannonball with his leg and kicked it back at the enemy. He was strict- threatened to punish if did not do exactly what he said. He claimed to be the Messiah, a priest believed and convinced others. For a time Jewish State established, regained Jerusalem, new coins. Romans attack city of Bethar, 80,000-580,000 Jews killed, holy books burned, Bar-Kokhba died. Jews felt betrayed. Hecklers changed letter in his name to give meaning of liar. Yagael Yadin found letters written by Bar-Kokhba to generals, titled Bar-Kokhba as President of Israel. A.D. 135
  11. The Apostles Creed
    Apostles Creed - Christians felt it necessary to write basis of their faith. Creed - statement of beliefs, comes from Latin word credo meaning " I believe". Written only 100 or more years after Jesus taught.c. A.D. 150
  12. St. Valentine
    • Two Christian men named Valentine who live around Rome in the third century who were bolth martyred on February 14, A.D. 269. one beheaded in Rome and was a priest, church built in his honor, the other died in Interamna, a town 6 miles from Rome. Little known about the second Valentine, some scholars think there was only one Valentine and that the church records got mixed up. Feb. 15 - Lupercalia - Romans honor juno (goddess of women and marriage) and pan (god of nature), young men and women draw names for a partner, spend time and exchange gifts, cupid believed to be involved. Cupid : "god of love" soon of venus "godess of love, it was thought that a shot of cupids arrows make someone fall in love.💘 495 - Pope Gelasius declares February 14 as St. Valentines Day to replace Lupercalia. The two holidays eventually blended.
    • A.D. 269
  13. Diocletian Divides the Roman Empire
    • Between Marcus Aurelius and Diocletian, 28 men tried to be emperor and none of them lasted very long. Diocletian: the army voted him emperor. He decided the Roman Empire was to big for one person to rule. Gave western half to Maximan. They called themselves Augusti, and the men serving under them Caesars. He also divided the halves into smaller parts: Prefectures (ruled by prefects), Dioceses (ruled by vicars), and provinces (ruled by governors). Rome was divided into 120 provinces. Made more gold and silver coins, which caused inflation. Made limits on Howard much money a mäng could make. Food was scarce. Taxes went up, the population went down. Gave himself and Maximan the title Dominus Noster (Meaning "Our Lord"), Christians not comfortable with calling them their lord. Diocletian demanded to be worshiped as jupiter. A man named george refused, put to death on April 23, 303. Diocletian destroyed all copies of scripture he could find, and the Christian village of Phrygia was burned.🔥
    • A.D. 284 - 305
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               and the Edict of Milan
    • For three centuries after the resurrection, Christians were persecuted. Constantine I, also called Constantine the Great, Emperor of the Western Roman Empire, officially brought persecution to an end. In 312 beat Maxentius in the battle of Milan Bridge. The arch of Constantine built to remember the victory. During this battle supposedly saw vision of a cross in the sky with the Latin words: In hoc signo vinces, meaning: In this sign you shall conquer. Later supposedly saw vision of Christ, and had a dream, saw Greek letters chi and rho first two letters of the word christos. Viewed Christianity with the greatest respect, using the cross and letters as his battle symbol. In 313, signed the Edict of Milan, a document that ensured freedom for all Christians. Constantine was not baptized until near his death. Defeated Castern, Eastern Emperor in 324. Then he moved the roman capital to the ancient city of Byzantium (Now Istanbul) which sits at the entrance to the black sea. Constantine named it New Rome, but quickly became known as Constantinople. Constantine invited 300 bishops to The Council Of Nicaea. Nicene Creed written, says Jesus is the same as God, a great lie.
    • 313
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    • India's Golden Age- Gupta Dynasty, Most Famous Gupta Leader was Samudragupta who reigned as king of India for 50 years, moved the capital, expanded the empire, sponsored work of scientists, artists, and architects, was a great poet, and a musician. In the Golden Age, good astronomy and chemistry. Superb iron making (an iron pillar in Delhi over 1,900 years old still stands untarnished.).Created Arabic numbers, concept of zero, decimals, and Algebra. Beautiful and comfortable cloth, first used cotton, terms muslin and calico. Two most famous works of indian literature: the Mahabharata and the Ramayana. Hinduism flourished, Age also known as the Classical Hindu Period. Traditions passed down in form of hymns and writings called Vedas.
    • 320-500
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    Lived in Mexico and Central America. May have come from Asia to America on land bridge (now Bering Strait). For centuries....
  17. St. Augustine Of Hippo
    Born in North Africa, his mother Monica, christian. His Father Patricius, Pagan. They sent him to ....
  18. The Holy Bible and the Vulgate by Jerome XXX
    Jerome translated the Bible into Latin. In 393, church officials standardised the books of the.......
  19. St. Patrick Missionary to Ireland XXX
    Patrick was born c. 389 in a region of Great Britain (under roman rule). He was not Irish .....
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    The Huns were nomadic people who invaded Europe from somewhere in central Asia. Short, thick people with flat noses and pig eyes. Parents scarred their children's faces to tolerate pain. Relied on....
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    Rome Ruled....
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    The Dark Ages, or the early middle ages, ordinary homes dark, damp, drifty, made of wood, house fires often because ....
  23. King Arthur and the Knights of the Round Table
    c. 600 B.C. - a group of people called the celts lived in Europe. Were known for being artistic.....
  24. Justinian I and Theodora Rulers of the Byzantine Empire
    Byzantine Empire - Eastern Roman Empire, Byzantine named after Byzantium, the ancient city renamed......
  25. Columba, Missionary to Scotland
    Columba was born in Ireland, went to monasteries and set up a few of his own across....
  26. Early Japan and Prince Shotoku
    Japan : an archipelago in the Pacific Ocean....
  27. Gregory The Great
    Gregory I - Gregory the Great, Pope - "visible head" of the catholic church. Catholics believe Peter to be the first pope. They say there has always been a .....
  28. The Sui and Tang Dynasties of China
    When the Han Dynasty collapsed in A.D. 221, there was no strong family to replace them. States fought for 370 years....
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               and the Birth of Islam                      

    Muslims - Moslems - followers of Islam, started by Mohammed - born in Mecca, a city in the Arabian Peninsula, grew..........
  30. The Spread Of Islam
    After Mohammed's death in 632, his teachings were growing in appeal.......
  31. Wu Zetian The Empress of China
    At birth given name Wu Zhao, at age 14 renamed Mei-Niang (meaning "charming or sultry lady"), but she renamed herself Wu Zetian ( meaning "ruler of the sky".) Born in a noble family, at age 14 recruited to be Emperor Li Shi Min to be his concubine. When Wu Zetian was 27, Li Shi Min died.....
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    The Epic of Beowulf is the oldest English poem in existence, composed in early 700's in the Anglo-Saxon language by an unknown author. The story takes place in Sweden and Denmark in......
  33. Al-Andalus 
    "The Ornament of the World"
    In Medieval Spain
    Southern Spain in the middle ages.....
  34. St. Boniface Apostle to Germany
    Winfrid: Born in.....
  35. The Iconoclast Controversy
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  37. Charlemange
  38. The Thousand and One Nights: Tales of Arabia
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  40. The Vikings: Their families, their homes, and their faith
  41. Methodius and Cyril, Missionaries to the Slavs
  42. Alfred the Great, King of England
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The Mystery Of History Volume II A- The Early Church.txt
c. A.D. 33 to 476
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