Anatomy: Unit 1

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lawrencem
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283531
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Anatomy: Unit 1
Updated:
2016-09-16 10:16:42
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lawrencem anatomy unit introduction physiology
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Use these flashcards to study for the first Unit Test over the introduction to Anatomy and Physiology at Kearney High School
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  1. structures of the body, where they are located and what they are made out of
    anatomy
  2. the function of the structures in the body
    physiology
  3. smallest living thing
    cell
  4. many of the same type of cell performing a similar function
    tissue
  5. many different tissue types performing the same function as a whole
    organ
  6. many different organs working together for a similar function
    organ system
  7. many organ systems working together
    organism
  8. system responsible for producing offspring, includes the ovaries, testes, uterus, vagina, penis
    reproductive
  9. system responsible for transporting gases and nutrients to cells by the heart and blood vessels
    circulatory/cardiovascular
  10. system responsible for transporting lost fluid back to the blood vessels and fighting infections with the tonsils, spleen, thymus, bone marrow, lymph vessels and nodes.
    lymphatic/immune
  11. system responsible for regulation of the other systems by secreting hormones by the pituitary, thyroid, pineal, adrenal and other glands.
    endocrine
  12. system responsible for breaking down the food we eat in the mouth, esophagus, stomach and intestines.
    digestive
  13. system responsible for our first line of defense against pathogens and damage with the skin, hair, nails, sweat and oil glands.
    integumentary
  14. system responsible for movement with the muscles and tendons.
    muscular
  15. system responsible for support, protection, blood cell production, movement and calcium storage in the bones and ligaments.
    skeletal
  16. system responsible for filtering the blood and secreting liquid waste through the kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra.
    urinary/excretory
  17. system responsible for regulating other systems with the brain, spinal cord and nerves.
    nervous
  18. system responsible for gas exchange with the diaphragm, lungs, trachea, larynx and pharynx.
    respiratory
  19. the direction that the palms face in anatomical position
    forward
  20. plane that divides the body into anterior and posterior portions
    frontal/coronal
  21. plane that divides the body into left and right sides
    medial/saggital
  22. plane that divides the body into superior and inferior portions
    transverse
  23. above
    superior
  24. below
    inferior
  25. to the side
    lateral
  26. toward the midline
    medial
  27. surface
    superficial
  28. below the surface
    deep
  29. front
    anterior
  30. back
    posterior
  31. close to the point of attachment on an appendage
    proximal
  32. further from the point of attachment on an appendage
    distal
  33. the part of a negative feedback loop that includes the target range
    set point
  34. the part of a negative feedback loop that takes the body outside the normal range
    stimulus
  35. the part of a negative feedback loop that that detects the change
    receptor
  36. the part of a negative feedback loop that forces the change and is a part of the brain in the human body
    control center
  37. the part of a negative feedback loop that does the change
    effector
  38. the part of a negative feedback loop that returns the body back to normal
    response
  39. maintenance of a stable internal environment
    homeostasis
  40. type of feedback that discourages current behavior
    negative
  41. type of feedback that encourages current behavior
    positive
  42. one layer of cells
    simple
  43. many layers of cells
    stratified
  44. muscle tissue with striations that is voluntarily controlled
    skeletal
  45. muscle tissue with striations that in involuntarily controlled
    cardiac
  46. muscle tissue without striations that is involuntarily controlled
    smooth
  47. tissue type that functions in movement
    muscle
  48. tissue type that functions in control
    nervous
  49. tissue type that functions in protection
    epithelial
  50. tissue type that functions in support
    connective
  51. epithelial tissue that is found in the lining of the respiratory and digestive systems
    columnar
  52. epithelial tissue that is found in the kidney tubules, ducts and small glands as well as the surface of the ovaries
    cuboidal
  53. epithelial tissue that is found in the epidermis of the skin, vagina, esophagus and the mouth
    stratified squamous
  54. epithelial tissue that is found in the air sacs of the respiratory system and the lining of blood and lymph vessels
    simple squamous
  55. epithelial tissue that is found in the urethra and lining of the urinary bladder
    transitional

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