Equine Management Test 1

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Hfowler51
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283547
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Equine Management Test 1
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2014-09-19 23:36:48
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Equine
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  1. LVT Assist in Diagnosis/Treatment of what 4 things w/ horses?
    • 1. Respiratory Diseases
    • 2. Digestive Diseases/ colic
    • 3. Lameness
    • 4. Reproductive diseases
  2. LVT Assist with ____ and ____ care in the clinic and field.
    pre-op and post surgery
  3. LVT Assist with _____ (Mare and stallion) exams.
    pre-breeding
  4. LVT Assist with pre-purchase exams which includes what 7 things?
    • 1. age
    • 2. markings
    • 3. Auscultation of lungs
    • 4. heart
    • 5. digestive system
    • 6. test for lameness
    • 7. radiographs
  5. What is EIA?
    Coggins Test
  6. 5 things with Herd Health Work?
    • 1. Vaccinations
    • 2. Deworming/pasture management
    • 3. Sanitation/ventilation
    • 4. Neonatal care
    • 5. Nutrition
  7. 5 origins of Equine
    • 1. Eohippus (Dawn Horse)
    • 2. Mesohippus (Middle horse)
    • 3. Merychippus (Grass eater)
    • 4. Pliohippus (one toed grazer)
    • 5. Equus (True Horse)
  8. Eohippus (____) __ mya
    a. ____ tall
    b.__ toes on front foot- used for walking on bogs
    c.__ toes on hind feet
    d.Teeth were simple ___
    e. ____ not grazer, lived in the ____
    • (dawn horse) 55mya
    • a. 10-20 inc tall
    • b.4 toes on front foot
    • c. 3 toes on hind feet
    • d. Crowns
    • e. Browser, lived in forest
  9. Mesohippus (___) __ mya
    a. __ tall
    b. Each foot had _ toes, ___ toe was largest
    c. ____ not grazer
    d. ___ grew bigger
    • (Middle horse) 35 mya
    • a. 20 in tall
    • b. Each foot had 3 toes, middle
    • c. Browser
    • d.Teeth
  10. Merychippus (____) __ mya
    a. __ tall
    b. ____ toes larger, ended in ___ and bore all the weight
    c. Time of ___ development, thinning of the ____.
    d.Horse started ___, teeth developed high ___ and good ____ for grinding course grass
    • Grass eater) 26mya
    • a. 40 in tall
    • b. Middle, hoof
    • c. mountain, forests
    • d. grazing, crowns and good cementum
  11. Pliohippus (____) _mya
    a. ___- equivalent to horses today
    b. side toes became ___ on side of legs (____)
    c.Teeth changed to adapt to eating ___
    d. eyes ___ for better vision
    • (One-toed grazer) 2-3 mya
    • a. Taller
    • b. bone (splint bones)
    • c. grass
    • d. wider
  12. Equus (___)
    a. Middle toe has terminated into a ____
    b. Teeth high ___, will keep on growing throughout horses life
    • True horse
    • a. stout hoof
    • b. crowned
  13. What are the 3 groups of undomesticated species?
    • 1. zebra of Africa
    • 2. Wild ass of Africa and Asia
    • 3. przhevalski's horse
  14. Horses were used as a ____ source for prehistoric man
    food
  15. Horses became domesticated during what age?
    Bronze
  16. Domestic horses were intro into _____ in about 2000 BC and into ___ about 300 yrs later. These horses were the forerunners of the ____ breeds of the middle east.
    Babylonia; Egypt; Arabian
  17. 2nd Strain of horses domesticated in ___. Heavily built and slower, they are regarded as the early ancestors of the modern ____.
    Europe; draft horses
  18. 3rd strain found in _____. was the prototype of the modern ____.
    the british isles; pony
  19. The first domestic horses intro into the americas were brought by spanish conquistadores in the __ century. The ancestors of these horses are the ____ found in the western US.
    16th; mustangs
  20. ____ a greek historian, soldier and essayist is considered to be the father of horsemanship.
    Xenophon
  21. In the 6th century horseback riding was introduced throughout the Middle east by _____.
    Muslim Missionaries
  22. The Thoroughbred was developed from 3 foundation sires.
    • 1. THe Byerly Turk
    • 2. The Darley Arabian
    • 3. The Godolphin Barb or Arabian
  23. In ___, _____ the first public racecourse built since Roman times was constructed in London.
    1174, Smithfield Track
  24. The _____ was established in 1791
    British Stud Book
  25. The _____ began in 1873.
    American Stud
  26. In ___ the first track in North AMerica was built on _____.
    1665; Long Island
  27. In 1894, the ______ was incorporated in ___.
    Jockey Club; NYC
  28. The equine population has declined in numbers since the development ______ but enthusiast have ensured that the species will endure.
    Mechanical transprotation
  29. Name 5 Light horses (<1300 lbs)
    • 1. Arabian
    • 2. Standard Bred
    • 3. Thoroughbred
    • 4. Morgan Horse
  30. Brought to America by the conquistadores. Used mainly for pleasure trail and endurance.
    AMerican Mustang
  31. Have long graceful neck and proud action. Used as 3 and 5 gaited saddlehorses, harness and pleasure. Developed between 1890 from Thoroughbred, Morgan and Standardbred
    American Saddlebred
  32. height, weight and 5 colors of American Saddlebred
    • 15-16 hands; 1000-1200lbs; 
    • 1. Bay
    • 2. Chestnut
    • 3. Brown
    • 4. Black
    • 5. Grey
  33. Originated in Spain. Used for bullfighting, parade, dressage, and jumping.
    Andulasion
  34. Andulasion: Height, weight and 3 colors
    • 15-16 hands; 1000lbs;
    • 1. White
    • 2. Grey
    • 3. Bay
  35. Originated in US by Nez perce' Native Americans.
    Appaloosa
  36. What 3 things must an Appaloosa have? Height weight?
    • 1.mottled skin
    • 2.white sclera
    • 3.striped hooves
    • 14-16 hands
    • 900-1200lbs
  37. Bred as purebreds by King Solomon since 1600 BC. Imported to America in 1730. Have characteristic dished face, high tail carraige.
    Arabian
  38. Arabian: Height, Weight and 4 colors
    • 14-15 hands
    • 850-1000lbs 
    • 1.Chestnut
    • 2. Bay
    • 3. Gray
    • 4. brown with or without white markings
  39. Oldest domesticated breed
    Arabian
  40. Originated in AMerica during colonial period. Received name from running quarter mile races. Also used in ranch work bc they have inherent "Cow sense".
    American Quarter horse
  41. American Quarter horse: Height, Weight and 8 colors
    • 14-15 hands
    • 1000-1250 lbs
    • 1. Chestnut
    • 2. bay
    • 3. Dun
    • 4. Palomino
    • 5. black
    • 6. brown
    • 7. Roan
    • 8. Gray
  42. Trained to harness race at extraordinary speed without breaking into a gallop. Developed from Thoroughbred, Hackney, arabian and morgan between 1800-1875.
    Standardbred
  43. What are the 2 gaits permitted in harness racing? Difference?
    • 1. Pace
    • 2. Trot
    • Pace is not a natural gait as the trot, so pacers sometimes have to wear a leg harness to hold them to their gait.
  44. Standardbred: Height, Weight and 4 colors
    • 15-16 hands
    • 850-1200lbs
    • 1. Bay
    • 2. Chestnut
    • 3. brown 
    • 4. Black
  45. Originated in England. Versatile breed used for racing, hunter/jumping, dressage eventing.
    Thoroughbred
  46. Thoroughbred: Height, Weight and 6 colors
    • 15.1-16.2 hands
    • 900-1200 lbs
    • 1. Chestnut
    • 2. bay
    • 3. Brown
    • 4. black
    • 5. grey
    • 6. roan
  47. Named after Justin Morgan, the man who brought him to vermont. The breed was est from the 14 hand, 1000lbs horse who gained his popularity by out pulling draft horses and outrunning quarter mile horses. Today they are used as working cow horses, trail, jumping, harness and pleasure.
    Morgan Horse
  48. Morgan Horse: Height, Weight and 4 colors
    • 14-16 Hands
    • 800-1200 lbs
    • 1. Bay
    • 2. Chestnut
    • 3. black
    • 4. Brown
  49. Developed in Kentucky. Used for riding and driving. They excel as show horses and are shown as 3-gaited, 5 gaited and as fine harness horses.
    American Saddlebred
  50. Originated on the plantations of Tennessee between 1890-1935 for plantation owners who needed a horse with an easy gliding gait to carry them to oversee their vast plantations. Their characteristic gait is a smooth running walk.
    Tennessee walking horse
  51. Tennessee Walking Horse: height, weight, and 8 color.
    • 15-16 hands
    • 1000-1200lbs
    • 1. Bay
    • 2. Chestnut
    • 3. Black
    • 4.Brown
    • 5. Roan
    • 6. Grey
    • 7. White
    • 8. golden
  52. Austrian breed developed in 1585. Born __ but develop ___ coat with age. Weight?
    Lipizzaner. Black; White; 1000-1200lbs
  53. Originated in Spain. Small horses with a characteristic "paso" gait kind of a broken pace.
    Paso Fino and Peruvian Paso
  54. Paso Fino and Peruvian Paso: Height, weight, 5 colors
    • 13-15 hands
    • 950 lbs
    • 1. Grey
    • 2. White
    • 3. Bay 
    • 4. Black
    • 5. Chestnut
  55. Name the 5 draft horses
    • 1. Percheron
    • 2. Clydesdale
    • 3. Belgian
    • 4. Shire
    • 5. Suffolk Punch
  56. Originated in France in 1600's. Arabian influence
    Percheron
  57. Percheron: Height, 2 color
    • 16-17 hands
    • 1. Black
    • 2. Grey
  58. Originated in Scotland.
    Clydesdale
  59. Clydesdale: Height,  3 colors
    • 17 hands
    • 1. black
    • 2. brown
    • 3. bay w/ white stockings and growth of long hair called "feathers" on the back of the cannon bones
  60. Native of Belgium. They have great size, strength, endurance and action.
    Belgian
  61. Belgian: Height and weight; usually what color?
    • 16.2 to 17 hands
    • 2000 lbs
    • Chestnut
  62. Developed in England. They are the largest draft horses going up to 18 hands.
    Shire
  63. Shire: Height, weight and 3 colors
    • 18 hands
    • 2000 lbs
    • 1. Black
    • 2. Bay
    • 3. Grey
  64. developed in England,1506 AD. It is the only draft breed that breeds completely true to color.
    Suffolk Punch
  65. Suffolk Punch: Height, Weight and color
    • 16 hands
    • 2000lbs
    • Chestnut
  66. Name the 4 pony breeds
    • 1. Hackney
    • 2. Poney of the AMericas
    • 3. Shetland
    • 4. Welsh
  67. Named after the "hackney" coach they pull. Known for high stepping action. Darley arabian had a considerable influence on this breed.
    Hackney
  68. Hackney: Height, Weight and 3 colors
    • 12-16 hands
    • 600-1200lbs
    • 1. Chestnut 
    • 2. Bay
    • 3. Brown
  69. Originated in Iowa as cross between the shetland and the appaloosa.
    Pony of the AMericas
  70. Pony of the Americas: Height and color
    11.2-13 hands and have appaloosa coloring
  71. Developed in the shetland Isles. Used for pleasure riding and pulling carts.
    Shetland
  72. Shetland: Height, Weight and color
    • 11 hands
    • 300-400 lbs
    • Any color but appaloosa
  73. Originated in Wales. Resemble a small arabian. Popular as childrens mounts. Concave face.
    Welsh
  74. Welsh: height, color
    • 10-14 hands
    • Any color other than Pinto
  75. often used as pack animals; long ears in relation to the head. History dates back to the wild asses of northern africa. 6000 BC.
    Donkey/Burro
  76. Male Donkey
    Jack
  77. Female Donkey
    Jenny
  78. a Stallion (male horse) bred to a jenny porduces this. Smaller and more horse like than the mule. Sterile.
    Hinny
  79. cross between a Mare (female horse) and a jack. More donkey like but larger than the donkey. Sterile. Bred for work.
    Mule
  80. Not a pony. Usually under 36in.
    American Miniature
  81. Brought to AMerica by Spanish in 1530's. 14-16 hands. Any color with white. Any type except Quarter horse.
    Pinto
  82. Any color with white. Quarter horse type.
    paint
  83. Golden color, flaxen mane and tail. 15-16 hands
    Palomino
  84. Wild horse of Africa
    zebra
  85. mixture of yellow and red. It includes shades from light yellowish tan to a rich dark brown shade. Has a black mane and tail, black "points". Points means black hair below knees and hocks, black muzzle and black tips on the ears.
    Bay
  86. Completely black including muzzle, ears, flanks, mane and tail.
    Black
  87. almost black, but has brown hairs on muzzle and flanks
    Brown
  88. basically red. The shades vary from light yellow red to a dark red liver color. Normally the mane and tail are the same shade as the body although they can be lighter. This color of the mane and tail is called flaxen. This color of horse is Never accompanied by a black mane and tail.
    Chestnut or Sorrel
  89. A true __ horse is born that way and remains this color throughout life. pink skin
    White
  90. Variations of Bay. ___ is a variation of dark bay and is a dingy yellow body color. ____ is a variation of light bay and is a light golden yellow. It is characterized by black mane, tail, legs and may or may not have a dorsal stripe
    Dun; Buckskin
  91. Mixture of white hairs and hairs of a basic coat color. This horse is either born chestnut, bay or black and these basic coat color hairs are continuously replaced with white hairs so that the older horses have a white hair coat.
    Gray
  92. Golden color. The mane and tail are white, silver or ivory.
    Palomino
  93. Mixture of white hairs with one or more base colors.
    Roan
  94. White with bay
    Red roan
  95. white with chestnut
    Strawberry Roan
  96. White hairs with black
    Blue Roan
  97. The ___ horse is born this color and does not change as the horse gets older. The head of the ___ horse tends to be more solid in color.
    Roan
  98. Name the 4 color patterns of Paint and Pintos
    • 1. Tobiano
    • 2. OVero
    • 3. Piebald
    • 4. Skewbald
  99. The white crosses over the back and extends downward. (P&P)
    Tobiano
  100. Colored horse with white in legs and belly extending upward. (P&P)
    Overo
  101. Horse with Black coat color and spots. (P&P)
    Piebald
  102. Horse with white and ANY other coat color except Black. (P&P)
    skewbald
  103. 5 requirements for being a paint.
    • 1. White markings above knees or hocks
    • 2. NOT have any appaloosa color or breeding
    • 3. Must be over 14 hands tall
    • 4. Cannot be five gaited or saddle horse type
    • 5. Must be sired by a 
    •     -Reg Paint
    •     -Reg Quarter Horse
    •     -Reg Thoroughbred
  104. ___ horses are spotted horses other than stock type. Breeds such as Arabians, Saddlebreds, Hackneys, Shetlands, etc. can be registered in the ___ registry if they have ___.
    Pinto; Pinto; Spots
  105. Must meet three minimum requirements to be registered in the Appaloosa Registry.
    • 1. Must have striped hooves
    • 2. Must have mottling of skin around muzzle, eyes, genitalia
    • 3. Must have unpigmented sclera
  106. What are the 2 basic spotting patterns?
    • 1. Leopard
    • 2. Blanket
  107. White coat with large dark spots scattered over the body
    Leopard
  108. ____of white hair crosses over the horses croup, loin or back. This white ___ usually contains dark spots.
    Blanket
  109. markings are always ___
    white
  110. marking on horses nose, usually found between the nostrils.
    Snip
  111. found on forehead, can be any shape
    Star
  112. White line down the face
    Stripe
  113. White band down the horses face (covers side of nose)
    Blaze
  114. White on underlip
    White underlip
  115. White from forehead to muzzle, extending aroundthe eyes and often including the entire front of the face.
    Bold, Bald or Apron face
  116. White around the coronary band
    Coronet
  117. White from hoof up to the pastern joint
    Pastern
  118. White from hoof up to the fetlock joint
    Fetlock
  119. White starting at the hoof and going halfway between fetlock and carpus
    Half-Stocking
  120. White starting at the hoof and going 3/4 way between fetlock and carpus
    3/4 Stocking
  121.  White all the way up to the carpus
    Full Stocking

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