Western Civilization 1

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Author:
DianaKarlova
ID:
283570
Filename:
Western Civilization 1
Updated:
2014-10-13 00:07:01
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History True False
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History
Description:
Western Civilizations True False Questions
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  1. Although the Hebrew people lived in Mesopotamia, other cultures had little influence on their life and literature.
    False
  2. The Hebrew exodus from Egypt happened after their Babylonian captivity.
    True
  3. Saul led the Hebrew people out of Egypt.
    False
  4. After King Solomon the kingdom split and became two separate kingdoms: Judah and Israel
    True
  5. The Kingdoms of Israel and Judah were able to withstand the attacks of the Assyrians and the Chaldeans (Babylonians)
    False
  6. One of the greatest achievements of Solomon was the construction of the Temple in Jerusalem.
    True
  7. The first five books of the Hebrew scriptures are called the Torah.
    True
  8. Although the Hebrew people lived in the Middle East, their literature (sacred writings) did not incorporate any themes or stories from their Middle Eastern Neighbors.
    False
  9. According to the prophet Amos, ritual action was far more important than the care of the poor and outcast.
    False
  10. The people of Israel considered the individual to be the center piece and culmination of God's creation.
    True
  11. The Minoan civilization was located on the Island of Crete.
    True
  12. The Minoan culture was characterized by strong military defenses with little to indicate it was a civilization that had time for leisure or the arts.
    False
  13. For Homer, a Greek should strive to reach Arete.
    True
  14. In this funeral oration for those who died in the Peloponnesian War, Pericles reminded those listening of the importance of democracy and how Athens differed from other city whose government favors only the few.
    True
  15. The story line of the Iliad deals with the Greek invasion of Italy and its battle against the earliest phases of the Roman empire.
    False
  16. Sparta was primarily a land power, gaining its food from the surrounding countryside while Athens tended to obtain its livelihood by means of trade.
    True
  17. Cleisthenes argued that Athenian democracy would be more successful if the customary divisions of society such as tribes and clans where dissolved and persons developed a stronger case for civic pride.
    True
  18. Women had more right and privileges in Sparta than they did in Athens.
    True
  19. Cleisthenes was one of the oligarchs who worked against democracy.
    True
  20. Ostracism refers to the annual vote which enabled the voting citizens of Athens to identify one person that they thought was a risk to the city.
    True
  21. The early Egyptians had to constantly battle against the changing character of their physical environment.
    False
  22. The pharaoh Akhenaton attempted to create a monotheist religion in Egypt.
    True
  23. The early Egyptians believed that Pharaoh was both a man and a god.
    True
  24. The Hyskos were allies to the Egyptians.
    False
  25. The Egyptians created a form of writing called cuneiform.
    False
  26. The Egyptians believed in a total of four different gods.
    False
  27. As compared to their Mesopotamian neighbors, the Egyptians made little advance in the area of mathematics and medicine.
    False
  28. People in the Middle East perceived natural phenomenon as direct intervention of divine powers.
    True
  29. Religion dominated all aspects of life of Near Eastern Society.
    True
  30. The Phoenicians are credited with creating the first real alphabet.
    True
  31. Tool making was one of the characteristics of the Paleolithic era.
    True
  32. Paleolithic people were not able to speak a language. Language development only occurred in the Neolithic period.
    False
  33. Social stratification, that is, a more highly organized society with various social ranks was more characteristic of Neolithic society than a Paleolithic society.
    True
  34. During the year 2012 about 15% of homes in the United States were not food secure.
    True
  35. The region of Mesopotamia is located between the Nile and Zambezi rivers in North Africa.
    False
  36. There are important similarities between the Epic of Gilgamesh and the story of Noah and the Ark.
    True
  37. Although Mesopotamians were tremendous builders, they made no advancements in mathematics.
    False
  38. For most persons in Mesopotamia, the gods cared little for humanity and were very difficult to appease.
    True
  39. Greek philosophers favored divine explanations for physical occurrences.
    False
  40. The first theoretical philosophers in human history emerged in the sixth century B.C. in the Greek cities of Ionia in Asia Minor.
    True
  41. Democritus argued that creation of everything was the result of the gods.
    False
  42. Pythagoras did not search for one physical thing as the basis of all creation; instead he argued that mathematical relationships were the underlying principle of all things created.
    True
  43. Sophrosyne may be understood as the Greek idea of moderation and self discipline.
    True
  44. The Sophists argued in favor of the presence of universal truths and against the idea that truth and knowledge is all relative.
    False
  45. Socrates was more concerned about questions of morality and ethics than he was of questions dealing with exact substance that was common for all matter.
    True
  46. The "Allegory of the Cave" was created by Aristotle.
    False
  47. Plato did not consider democracy the best form of government.
    True
  48. Aristotle demonstrated a far greater interest in biology and natural sciences than did Plato.
    True
  49. Greek Philosophy and art placed a great emphasis on the individual.
    True
  50. Greek dramatists saw an inner logic to the universe and called it Fate or Destiny. When people were stubborn or ignorant they were punished.
    True
  51. Sappho was a poet.
    True
  52. Hubris was considered by the Greek playwrights as overweening pride or arrogance.
    True
  53. According to Aeschylus, the Persian were successful in their military campaigns because they displayed aerte.
    False
  54. Sophocles was a great Athenian general who lead the charge against Persians.
    True
  55. Aristophanes was a write of Comedies.
    True
  56. In Lystrata, the women of Athens attempt too stop the war by no longer working in the kitchen
    False
  57. The Greeks wrote history in a similar way as did the Egyptian and the Hebrews.
    False
  58. Pindar frequently wrote poems in honor of athletes and their skills.
    True
  59. The Etruscans learned much about architectural styles, road construction and sanitation from the Romans.
    False
  60. The Etruscan civilization was located to the North of what is today the city of Rome.
    True
  61. The Etruscan civilization had little effect on the Roman civilization.
    False
  62. In the early years of the Roman Republic the plebeians controlled most of the land and exerted a strong influence on the army.
    False
  63. The Struggle of Orders was a conflict between the Particians and the Plebians.
    True
  64. Roman citizens, like the Jews, considered law to be given by the gods and its basis in divine inspiration.
    False
  65. The Punic Wars were fought between the Romans and the Macedonians.
    False
  66. The Second Punic War came after the first Punic war.
    True
  67. Hannibal fought on the side of the Romans.
    False
  68. Tiberius Gracchus worked for land reform.
    True
  69. After Octavians forces defeated those of Antony and Cleopatra, there was a continuous rode of assaults by various generals against Octavian which led to internal fighting for the next forty years.
    False
  70. Octavian Augustus removed all appearances of democracy from the Roman government.
    False
  71. The reign of Augustus signified the end of the end of the Roman Republic and the beginning of the Roman Empire.
    True
  72. To prevent the renewal of civil war and to safeguard borders of the Empire, Augustus reformed the army.
    True
  73. Octavian August's brief reign was one of the reasons for the instability of Rome after his reign.
    False
  74. In 70 A.D. the Jewish people led a successful revolt against the Romans.
    False
  75. Ostia was the port city of Rome.
    True
  76. Galen advanced methods of architecture and engineering, especially his use constructions of domes such as the Parthenon.
    False
  77. Seneca, Epictus, and Marcus Aurelius were all stoic philosophers.
    True
  78. According to Ptolemy the sun revolved around the earth.
    True

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