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What are the basic characteristics of fungi?
- Tough cell walls (chitin or cellulose)
- Most need air (except yeast)
- Can grow in dry conditions though it isn't always preferred
- Often do well at lower pH than bacteria or other organisms
- Are food or used to make food
- Some are PATHOGENIC
Nearly all plants depend on symbiotic fungi, known as _?_, which help their roots absorb minerals and water from the soil.
_?_ are nonfilamentous, unicellular fungi that are typically spherical or oval.
The visible body of a fungus is called a _?_.
The thallus consists of long filaments of cells joined together called _?_.
What is the role of hyphae?
To produce spores
A mass of hyphae is known as _?_.
What scientist discovered the mold penicillium?
What are the three main groups of fungi?
What group of fungi is known as the "sac fungi" and have spores that form like beads on a chain?
What group of fungi has spores produced in round structures that stand on stalks?
_?_ include but, rusts, and smuts, have a highly visible thallus which contains a basidiocarp.
What is the so-called "imperfect fungi"?
_?_ is a disease caused by a fungus.
What are systemic mycoses?
Diseases caused by fungi that live in soil and can also affect major organs and systems.
What are cutaneous mycoses?
Diseases common in tropical areas and can degrade keratin and live in skin cells, hair shafts and nails.
_?_ is a fungus that causes a cutaneous mycosis.
_?_ causes an infection of skin, hair or nails.
What is the genus name for the disease that causes "ringworm" of the scalp?
What is an opportunistic pathogen?
A microorganism that does not ordinarily cause a disease but can become pathogenic under certain circumstances.
Some fungi, most notably the pathogenic species, exhibit _?_ or two forms of growth (mold or yeast).
What is the genus name for the dimorphic fungus belonging to the fungi group, Ascomycetes that mimics TB and is spread by bird guano?
What is the genus name for the dimorphic fungus belonging to the fungi group, Ascomycetes that infects the lungs and is also known as the "desert" disease?
What is the genus name for the dimorphic fungus belonging to the fungi group, Basidiomycetes that infects lungs, can spread to brain and can be spread by bird guano?
What is the genus name for the dimorphic fungus belonging to the fungi group, Ascomycetes that resembles a protozoan and infects lungs?
What is the genus name for the dimorphic fungus belonging to the fungi group, Ascomycetes that can lead to oral thrush (common symptom in patients with AIDS) and a yeast infection?
What is the genus name for the dimorphic fungus belonging to the fungi group, Ascomycetes that normally grows on cellulose of dead plants but can also be found in water-damaged walls of homes?
What is the genus name for the dimorphic fungus belonging to the fungi group, Zygomycetes that is the cause of bread mold?
What are some economic effects of fungi?
- Saccharomyces in beer, wine, bread
- Production of enzymes
- Drugs: Taxomyces produces taxol; Penicillium produces antibiotic penicillin
- Control of pests
- Destruction of crops
_?_ is a combination of fungus and algae or cyanobacteria, usually an ascomycete and can colonize barren rocky environments.