Med Term Skeletal part 6

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jdscurlo
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283668
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Med Term Skeletal part 6
Updated:
2014-09-21 14:57:34
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skeletal vocab terms
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fall 2014
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  1. The breaking apart of an intervertebral disk that results in pressure on spinal nerve roots.
    Herniated disk
  2. Pain of the lumbar region of the spine.
    Lumbago

    lumb=lumbar & -ago=diseased condition
  3. The forward slipping movement of the body of one of the lower lumbar vertebrae on the vertebra or sacrum below it.
    spondylolisthesis

    spondyl/o = vertebrae & -listhesis =slipping
  4. A congential defect that occurs during early pregnancy when the spinal canal fails to close completely around the spinal cord to protect it. Some cases are due to the lack of folic acid during early stages of pregnancy.
    Spina bifida

    spina= pertaining to the spine & bifida = split
  5. An abnormal increase in the forward curvature of the lumbar spine.
    Lordosis

    lord = forward curvature of the lumbar spine & -osis = abnormal condition or disease

    also known as swayback
  6. An abnormal lateral (sideways) curvature of the spine.
    scoliosis

    scoli=curved & -osis = abnormal condition or disease
  7. A malformation of the skull due to the premature closure of the cranial sutures.
    craniostenosis

    crani/o = skull & -stenosis = abnormal narrowing
  8. Is a bone disorder of unknown cause that destroys normal bone structure and replaces it with fibrous (scar like) tissue. This leads to uneven growth, brittleness and deformity of the affected bones.
    Fibrous dysplasia
  9. Pain in a bone.
    Ostealgia or osteodynia

    oste = bone & -algia = pain
  10. Abnormal softening of bones in adults. Usually caused by a deficiency of vitamin D, calcium, and or phosphate. Also known as adult rickets
    Osteomalacia
  11. An inflammation of the bone marrow and adjacent bone. The bacterial infection that causes osteomyelitis often originates in another part of the body and spreads to the bone via the blood.
    osteomyelitis

    oste/o =bone & myel =bone marrow & -it is = inflammation
  12. The death of bone tissue due to insufficient blood supply.
    osteonecrosis

    osteo= bone & -necrosis = tissue death
  13. A bone disease of unknown cause. Is characterized by the excessive breakdown of bone tissue followed by abnormal bone formation. The new bone is structurally enlarged but weakened and filled with new blood vessels. Also called osteitis deformans.
    Paget's disease
  14. An inflammation of the periosteum. often associated with shin splints.
    periostitis

    peri= surrounding & ost = bone & -itis = inflammation
  15. A deficiency disease occurring in children . Characterized by defective bone growth, results from a vitamin D deficiency that is sometimes due to insufficient exposure to sunlight.
    Rickets
  16. A condition resulting from the failure of the bones of the limbs to grow to an appropriate length compared to the size of the head and trunk.
    short stature or dwarfism
  17. Any congenital deformity of the foot involving the talus (ankle bones) also known as clubfoot.
    talipes
  18. A rare malignant tumor that originates in a bone.
    primary bone cancer
  19. Becoming progressively worse and life threatening.
    malignant
  20. A tumor that occurs in the bones of the upper arm legs pelvis or rib. The peak incidence for the condition 10-20 years of age.
    Ewing's sarcoma
  21. This term describes tumors that have metastasized (spread) to bones from other organs such as the breasts and lungs.
    secondary bone cancer
  22. A type of cancer that occurs in blood making cells found in the red bone marrow.
    myeloma
  23. A benign bony projection covered with cartilage
    osteochondroma
  24. A marked loss of bone density and an increase in bone porosity that is frequently associated with aging.
    osteoporosis
  25. Thinner than average bone density
    osteopenia

    osteo = bone & -penia = deficiency

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