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The breaking apart of an intervertebral disk that results in pressure on spinal nerve roots.
Pain of the lumbar region of the spine.
lumb=lumbar & -ago=diseased condition
The forward slipping movement of the body of one of the lower lumbar vertebrae on the vertebra or sacrum below it.
spondyl/o = vertebrae & -listhesis =slipping
A congential defect that occurs during early pregnancy when the spinal canal fails to close completely around the spinal cord to protect it. Some cases are due to the lack of folic acid during early stages of pregnancy.
spina= pertaining to the spine & bifida = split
An abnormal increase in the forward curvature of the lumbar spine.
lord = forward curvature of the lumbar spine & -osis = abnormal condition or disease
also known as swayback
An abnormal lateral (sideways) curvature of the spine.
scoli=curved & -osis = abnormal condition or disease
A malformation of the skull due to the premature closure of the cranial sutures.
crani/o = skull & -stenosis = abnormal narrowing
Is a bone disorder of unknown cause that destroys normal bone structure and replaces it with fibrous (scar like) tissue. This leads to uneven growth, brittleness and deformity of the affected bones.
Pain in a bone.
Ostealgia or osteodynia
oste = bone & -algia = pain
Abnormal softening of bones in adults. Usually caused by a deficiency of vitamin D, calcium, and or phosphate. Also known as adult rickets
An inflammation of the bone marrow and adjacent bone. The bacterial infection that causes osteomyelitis often originates in another part of the body and spreads to the bone via the blood.
oste/o =bone & myel =bone marrow & -it is = inflammation
The death of bone tissue due to insufficient blood supply.
osteo= bone & -necrosis = tissue death
A bone disease of unknown cause. Is characterized by the excessive breakdown of bone tissue followed by abnormal bone formation. The new bone is structurally enlarged but weakened and filled with new blood vessels. Also called osteitis deformans.
An inflammation of the periosteum. often associated with shin splints.
peri= surrounding & ost = bone & -itis = inflammation
A deficiency disease occurring in children . Characterized by defective bone growth, results from a vitamin D deficiency that is sometimes due to insufficient exposure to sunlight.
A condition resulting from the failure of the bones of the limbs to grow to an appropriate length compared to the size of the head and trunk.
short stature or dwarfism
Any congenital deformity of the foot involving the talus (ankle bones) also known as clubfoot.
A rare malignant tumor that originates in a bone.
primary bone cancer
Becoming progressively worse and life threatening.
A tumor that occurs in the bones of the upper arm legs pelvis or rib. The peak incidence for the condition 10-20 years of age.
This term describes tumors that have metastasized (spread) to bones from other organs such as the breasts and lungs.
secondary bone cancer
A type of cancer that occurs in blood making cells found in the red bone marrow.
A benign bony projection covered with cartilage
A marked loss of bone density and an increase in bone porosity that is frequently associated with aging.
Thinner than average bone density
osteo = bone & -penia = deficiency