ARC 2 Test 1

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tigre671
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283717
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ARC 2 Test 1
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2014-09-21 17:31:51
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Test 1
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  1. Renaissance
    14th-17th c. Rebirth of society and culture after bubonic plague. Less emphasis on religion (although still heavy) and more on science, art, architecture, and engineering.
  2. Single Point Perspective
    Perspective drawings. Focuses on one vanishing point. Used in art and for architectural drawings. Pioneered by Brunelleschi.
  3. Duomo
    Ya Know, a cathedral
  4. *Florence Cathedral
    • Brunelleschi, Florence Italy, 1418
    • -I read Ross King's book on it
    • -Dome was revolutionary
    • -Held up b/c 2 layers, ribs, lantern on top as anchor, herringbone pattern, chain harness
  5. Foundling Hospital
    • Brunelleschi, Florence, 1419
    • -Designed with perspective
  6. San Lorenzo Stairhall, Laurentian Library
    • Florence, 1558, Michelangelo
    • -Books chained to location
    • -Tall spaces filled in with stairs
    • -Impressive yet not very functional
    • -First time stairs are seen as ceremonial
  7. Facade of Santa Maria Novella
    • Florence, 1460, Alberti
  8. Sant' Andrea
    • Alberti, Mantua, 1466
    • -Not free standing
    • -Cruciform shape
    • -Barrel vaulting with coffering
    • -Very proportional
    • -Clerestory windows
    • -Viewer's perspective sees the altar
  9. Palazzo Medici
    • Florence, 1444, Michelozzo
    • -Turns in on itself like a fortress
    • -Becomes less fortified and more refined looking as it acends
    • -Built at a time when powerful Italian families were fighting
  10. Tempietto
    • Rome, 1508, Bramante
    • -Considered most perfect building of high renaissance
    • -Alberti's principals of beauty
    • -Round
    • -Designed as a small shrine
    • -St. Peter believed to be crucified here
    • -It is a Tholos (Round temple)
  11. Alberti's Principals of Beauty
    • -Beauty is harmony with all the parts in a body so that nothing can be added, subtracted, or altered without ruining it
    • -Circle (golden ratio) used as measure for perfection
    • -Pavements should have lines that are coordinated based on music and geometry
    • -Churches as sacred and should be temple like. Clerestory windows to be used so that outside world cannot be seen
  12. Balustrade
    • Mini column-like objects that make up the railing on a staircase or balcony
  13. Quions
    • Protruding bricks on corners of buildings
  14. Greek Cross Plan
    • Short Cross
  15. Central Plan Church
    • Planned around a center instead of being cross shaped
  16. Giant Order
    • Columns usually spanning two or more stories. Much bigger in scale
  17. Broken Pediment
    • Pediment has a break
  18. Mannerism
    Playful art that breaks the rules
  19. Palazzo de Té
    • Mantua, 1526
    • -Suburban retreat for a prominent intellect
    • -Each facade different
    • -Roof painting invokes high ceilings
    • -Example of mannerism
    • -Sliding triglyphs
    • -Massive keystones
    • -Vacant indents where windows should be
  20. Villa Capri
    • Vicenza 1550 Palladio
    • -On top of a hill
    • -Idea: what you see from a window
    • -Uses greek architectural concepts: natl. elements, Can be seen from 360 degrees, does not take up as much space as possible
  21. San Giorgio Maggiore
    • Venice 1610 Palladio
    • -Part of a Benedictine monastery
    • -Facade faces the heart of Venice
    • -Taller nave and narrow side isle
    • -Stucco is used but arranged to look expensive
  22. Piazza del Popolo
    • Rome 1667 Rainaldi
    • -Main piazza with a large central obelisk and three main roads
  23. Capella Coronado w/ St. Teresa in Ecstasy
    • 1645 Bernini
    • -Invokes emotion
    • -Heavily decorated interior
  24. St. Andrea al Quirinale
    • Rome 1658 Bernini
    • -Large entrance and small structure
    • -Arm like walls embracing entrance
    • -Oval plan, not circular because space was narrow
    • -Side chapels diagonally placed, not at 90 degree angles
    • -Intricate interior decorations
  25. *S. Carlo alle Quatro Fontane
    • Rome 1634 Borromini
    • -Ive been here
    • -Oval oculus
    • -Designed to make spectator's eye wander
    • -Unity of painting/sculpture/architecture
  26. S. Lorenzo
    • Turin 1668 Guarini
    • -Baroque forms
    • -uses lots of ovals
    • -islamic architecture influence
    • -Niches in chapel
  27. Vaux-le-Vicomte
    • Paris 1656, Le Brun and Fouquet
    • -Classical luxurious French design
    • -Built to glorify power
    • -Tall roof
    • -Lavish gardens
    • -double shelled dome
    • -Lavish decorations inside
    • -Known most for gardens
    • -meant to show man's power over nature
    • -Gardens designed to be seen from a terrace and appear to go to infinity
  28. Louvre
    • Paris, 1527. Le Vau, Le Brun, Claude Perrault
    • -Originally a Royal residence
    • -East Facade kind uses elements of a greek temple
    • -Uses classical architecture in new ways
    • Louvre:
    • East Facade:
  29. Classical Baroque
    More of a French taste in architecture
  30. Enfalade
    A series of rooms with doorways aligned. Provides a view across all rooms when doors are open.
  31. Hôtel
    Town house
  32. Château de Chambord
    • 1519, Cortona. In France
  33. *Palais de Versailles
    • Versailles, 1661, Le Vau, Le Brun. Gardens by André le Nôrte
    • -Home of Louis XIV b/c he was better protected from peasant uprisings here
    • -King brings in a Menagere (Zoo w/ animals from captured countries)
    • -Main palace are is raised
    • -Rooms inside buildings start from least important w/ bedroom at the core
  34. Hall of Mirrors
    • 1680, Mansart, in Versailles
    • -240 ft long
    • -17 large glass areas
    • -Glass expensive in these times
    • -Divine light of Apollo
    • -Had a salon of peace and a salon of war
  35. Gesamtkunstwerk
    Total work of art
  36. Vasari on Michelangelo
    "Measure and proportion should be kept in one's eyes"
  37. Capitaline Hill
    • Rome, 1537, Michelangelo
  38. *New St. Peter's
    Rome, 1506, Bramante, Raphael, Sangallo, Michelangelo, Bernini

    • -Tomb of St. Peter here
    • -Bramante wanted to represent Tempieto and Pantheon
    • -Construction began on west end while old St. Peter's still stood
    • -Sangallo brought in to solve technical problems that Raphael couldn't
    • -Used rubble from Roman forum in construction
    • -Sangallo dies, Michelangelo brought in
    • -Michelangelo's structures thicker & better reinforced
    • -Requests drawings from Florence Cathedral for dome
    • -Double shelled dome
    • -Maderno adds nave, it is similar to Basillica of constantine
    • -Bernini built the theater. Bronze statue inside is taken from bronze that was on the Pantheon
  39. Piazzo S. Pietro
    • Rome, 1656, Bernini
    • -Area where the Pope addresses everyone
    • -Arms 240m wide
    • -254 columns
    • -Moved the obelisk from Roman Circus to here
  40. *San Lorenzo
    • Florence, 1421, Brunelleschi
    • Medici Family Church
    • -Very Large
    • -Cruciform shape

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