Chapter 9: General Survey Measurement Vital Signs
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The _?_ is a study of whole person and covers general health state and any obvious physical characteristic; launched the moment the nurse first encounters patient.
What are the 6 key examples of objective data used to launch a general study?
- Physical Appearance
- Body Structure
- Vital Signs
Age, sex, facial features, skin color, and level of consciousness are all examples of _?_.
What are the characteristics in assessing body structure?
- Body build contour
- Obvious physical deformities
Gait, foot placement, and range of motion all have to do with patient's _?_.
What are examples of a person's behavior?
- Facial expressionMood and affect (how person comes across)
- Personal Hygiene
What are forms of measurement?
- Body mass index
- Waist-to-hip ratio
What are the basic vital signs taken on a patient?
- Blood Pressure
What are the five common ways of taking temperature?
- Forehead (used on children more)
The normal oral temperature range in a resting person is _?_.
The normal rectal temperature range in a resting person is _?_.
Normal temperature is influenced by four factors:
- Diurnal cycle
- Menstrual cycle in women
_?_ is the amount of blood every heart beat pumps into aorta.
What are the pulses assessed on the body?
- Posterior tibial
- Dorsalis pedis
Assessing pulse includes:
In resting adult, normal heart rate range is _?_.
60-100 beats per minute (bpm)
Rate normally varies with _?_ and _?_.
_?_ is the condition where there is a rapid heart rate of over 100 beats per minute.
_?_ is one irregularity commonly found in children and young adults; heart rate varies with respiratory cycle, speeding up with inspiration and slowing to normal with expiration.
_?_ of pulse is strength of heart's stroke volume.
Pulse force recorded using a _?_.
Three-point scale (some institutions use four)
With normal _?_, artery feels springy, straight, and resilient.
Normal respiration rates for an adult person at rest range from _?_.
12-20 breaths per minute
_?_ is force of blood pushing against side of its container, blood vessel.
What is systolic pressure?
What is diastolic pressure?
The pressure forcing blood into tissues, averaged over cardiac cycle is known as _?_.
Average blood pressure in young adult is _?_.
Blood pressure varies normally with many factors including:
Level of blood pressure determined by five factors and they are:
Blood pressure is measured with _?_ and _?_.
What are the three ways blood pressure can be taken?
What are the two additional techniques in obtaining vital signs?
_?_ is the measurement of oxygen saturation.
Pulse oximeter is a noninvasive method to assess _?_ (SpO2).
Healthy person with no lung disease and no anemia normally has a SpO2 of _?_.
In many situations, pulse and blood pressure measurement are enhanced by using a an electronic device, _?_.
What is the main reason the Doppler technique is used?
What are the two abnormalities in blood pressure?
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