Advanced Interpersonal Communication Exam 1

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daniellerenee20
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283752
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Advanced Interpersonal Communication Exam 1
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2014-09-21 22:03:04
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Communication Studies 410
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Exam 1
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Advanced Interpersonal Communication Exam 1
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  1. Ontology
    • A model of the world and its components
    • (World View Ch 4)
  2. Explanation
    • A perception on how the world works
    • (World View Ch 4)
  3. Futurology
    • A prediction about where the world is going
    • (World View CH 4)
  4. Ethical Standards
    • A moral code, telling you what you should and should not do
    • (World View CH 4)
  5. Methodology
    • A theory of action that tells you how to attain your goals
    • (World View CH 4)
  6. Etiology
    • A story about how the world began
    • (World View CH 4)
  7. Epistemology
    • Acquiring Knowledge 
    • What is true or false
    • (World View CH 4)
  8. Paradigm
    • -Shared belief system for how the world functions and what is true
    • -An Ideology of Generalized Truth
    • (CH 4, 62)
  9. Dominant Paradigm
    • Gives us a false sense of absolute truth and certainty
    • (CH 4, 62)
  10. Paradigm Shift
    • Adopting a new set of beliefs
    • Overarching belief system is finally challenged
    • (CH 4, 62)
  11. Social Identity
    • An integral part of your self concept, which is formed by way of your public an personal group membership.
    • (Ch 4)
  12. Interpersonal Interactions
    • A way to look at what is happening between two people who are having an intimate conversation & their identities are not driven or shaped by any common group, category or membership association.
    • (Ch 4)
  13. Intergroup interactions
    • Occurs on those occasions when the disclosure is between two or more people who are in the same group or social category.  Remaining within boundaries of accepted group think and group speak in public or small groups.
    • (Ch 4)
  14. Sallience
    • A Social characteristic is important or significant in relative terms.  What this point means is that we create our identity on the basis of our comparisons whit others in a way that is relevant or salient in a given situation.
    • (Ch 4)
  15. Enculturation
    • Leaning native traditions secondary to our cultural orientation.
    • (Ch 4)
  16. Monochronic Cultures
    • Time is limited
    • Used, Lost or Wasted
    • (Ch 4)
  17. Polychronic
    • No time constraint
    • Time is perennial & bountiful
    • (Ch 4)
  18. Honeymoon phase
    • Feelings and thoughts of rapture & bliss as the foreigner is apt to notice all sorts of new customs a & interesting things about the resident culture.
    • (Culture Shock CH 4)
  19. Crisis Phase
    • Feeling apprehensive angst, fear and anger when confronting the new standard of resident culture
    • (Culture Shock CH 4)
  20. Adjustment Phase
    Slow and gradual acclimation to the new "normal" that is vitally necessary to operate effectively while sojourning in the resident culture.(Culture Shock CH 4)
  21. Adaptive Phase
    • Embracing a new bicultural or symbicultural or symbiotic identity.  The foreigner no longer considers himself visiting but begins to actively integrate elements of the resident culture into their personal self concept
    • (Culture Shock CH 4)
  22. Social Identity Theory
    • A person's social identity is that part of an individuals self concept that comes from their membership to a social group.
    • (Ch 4)
  23. Ingroup
    Personal Identification and affiliation with a certain social group (Ch 4)
  24. Outgroup
    • A group outside your social sphere or network
    • (Ch 4)
  25. Positive Distinctiveness
    • Cultivating positive feelings about your group by comparing it favorably with other groups
    • (Ch 4)
  26. Minimal Group Paradigm
    • Shows that placing people into two or more distinct groups can produce ingroup preference & outgroup intolerance
    • (Ch 4)
  27. Outgroup Homogeneity
    • Causes us to narrow down & perceive outgroup members as "being cut from the same cloth & more like each other than they really are.
    • (Ch 4)
  28. Stereotypes
    • Drawn from some distortion of truth.
    • Ignorant, preconceived beliefs & opinions that are based solely on the individuals social groups.
    • (Ch 4)
  29. Prejudice
    • Default position judgment or opinion of someone shaped before you know all the facts about that person of their group.
    • (Ch 4)
  30. Discrimination
    • An unjust, one sided & bigoted treatment of other people based on their perceived behavior or group affiliation.
    • (Ch 4)
  31. Linguistic Intergroup Bias
    • Our scale of abstraction & degree to which our language is descriptive can convey biases that we transmit inadvertently when attempting to communicate about a group.
    • Ingroup inherently good
    • Outgroup can be good under certain circumstances
    • (Ch 4)
  32. Egocentrism
    • We grow accustomed to our own perception, beliefs, attitudes& values that we mistakenly believe our views as accurate & and above others views.
    • (Ch 4)
  33. Ethnocentrism
    • Leads us to view which other cultures slanted culture frame of reference, reflecting a false sense of superiority.
    • (Ch 4)
  34. Empathy
    • Occurs when you experience concern because you have lived through a similar emotional reaction as an other person.
    • (Ch 4)
  35. Platinum Rule
    • States that you do  unto other as they would have done unto themselves.  
    • World view as a third party and imagine how they wish to be communicated to.
    • (Ch 4)
  36. Positivist Tradition
    • Discovering, Verifying, and Observing Communication as an Object that exists Independently of Free Will
    • Used in Traditional Social Scientific Research & Speech.
    • (Ch 2)
  37. Positivist Language and Determinism
    • Deterministic Positioning
    • -Relating Social behavior to External Forces
    • -Karma, I couldn't help it, that’s just how I am…
    • -Responses are Predictable or Determined.
    • (Ch 2)
  38. Humanistic Tradition
    • Based on Choice and Free Will
    • -Believes:
    • We Achieve Goals with Intent
    • We Behave with Purpose
    • We are, what we are, because of the choices we make
    • (Ch 2)
  39. Humanistic Scholars
    • Examine Choices
    • Interpreting Significance Expression, Accounts & Stories
    • (Ch 2)
  40. Teleological Position
    • Explains Communication Behavior
    • -Communication Changes
    • -Shifts Happen Quickly Unexpected
    • -Choices can be made at any moment
    • Believes Interpersonal Behavior
    • -Caused by Intent, Motive or Volition
    • -NOT Caused by External Forces
    • How People Choose to Create Meaning
    • (Ch 2)
  41. Constructivism
    • We Create the Communication Process while Speaking and Interacting
    • Co-Created Relationship
    • -Relying on your communication as well as the others
    • -Others Influence your Reaction
    • -A Language Game that entails Going with the Flow to sustain Shared Meaning
    • -Conversation Atmosphere
    • (Ch 2)
  42. Social Construction
    • Developing Social Norms
    • -Natural, Accepted and Real
    • -Sustained by Dominant Social GroupsCreating a Static Reality
    • Misplaced Concretes
    • Creating Social Realities
    • -Text Jargon and Slang
    • -Developing Shared Meaning
    • (Ch 2)
  43. Epistemology
    • Analyzing How We Know What We know
    • -What is considered?
    • -How do we gather information about communication?
    • -Is this acceptable data?
    • -How do we know what we are observing?
    • -What type of Research are we using Subjective, Objective or a combination of both?
    • (Ch 2)
  44. Objective Stance
    • Independent Observers
    • Separating the Knower from the Known
    • Using Scientific Methods
    • -Statistical Data is used to find Evidence to Support Claims
    • (Ch 2)
  45. Modernism
    • Believes Universal Truths Exist
    • -Deciphering what is Normal, Natural or Inherent
    • Inherent Patterns in Social Life
    • The Golden Standard
    • Detached Observation
    • (Ch 2)
  46. Subjective Stance
    • “It is the Theory that Determines what we Observe”
    • Social Reality is Relative
    • -We cannot separate what we know from who we are
    • -We carry a particular viewpoint
    • -Creating meaning is Influenced by Interactions
    • -Our Perceptions and What we See are Inseparable
    • -Dependant upon Interpretation, Perception or World View
    • (Ch 2)
  47. Post Modernism
    • No Universal Truths, No Single Standard, No Natural Order
    • Multiple Realities Exist Simultaneously and are stained by Dominant Social Groups
    • -Telling and Retelling of Narratives
    • -Illusion of a Concrete Reality
    • Critical Theory
    • (Ch 2)
  48. Post Modern Dilemma
    • Extreme Relativity can be Problematic
    • -Ethical Conduct, Welfare or Moral Status
    • Lacking the Notion of  Order
    • Disregarding Responsibility for Unethical behavior using Perspective or Justification though Stories
    • (Ch 2)
  49. Post Modern Condition
    • Crisis of Meaning
    • -What do events in relationships mean?
    • -Is social life ultimately meaningless?Developing Meaning
    • -Based upon Perspective
    • -Meaning is not an Object
    • -Existed before and Independent of you
    • -Significance is created by Expressing Uniqueness through Experience in Relationship to Others
    • (Ch 2)
  50. Axiology
    • Values in Communication Research
    • -What do researchers hold in high regard?
    • -What is most important in the Study of Relationships?
    • Issues of Value
    • -Should we remain Objective, Free from Values?
    • -Or Should we Allow Values to Influence Us?
    • (Ch 2)
  51. Objectivity
    • The Absence of Value
    • -Free From Values and Bias
    • -Not Participating in the Research Process
    • -Detached Observation Studying our Relationships as Independent Observers
    • -Using the Scientific Method
    • (Ch 2)
  52. Emancipation
    • Presence of Value
    • -Subjectivity
    • -We are always Attached, Involved or Participating
    • -Working on our Conscious or Unconscious Bias
    • Interpreting the Dynamics of Power
    • -Dysfunctional Relationships, Stigmatism, Oppressed
    • -To Cultivate a Culture of Liberation & Freedom
    • (Ch 2)

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