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The Bubonic Plague was known as
the black death
time of the black death
Who fought in the hundred years war
France and England
The three great clamities
In the fourteenth century most people
worked the land
what increased the food supply
The plague was so great because of
- economic depression
- bad health
The black death came from
fleas on rats from Asia to Europe through Italy
The plague spread by
going into the lungs then through the air
Most believed the black death by
corruption in the atmosphere
Giovanni Boccaccio's book on the black plague
those who beat themselves free of the plague
Social and Economic consequences
- shrunken labor supply
- decline in value of noble estats
As the number of farms decreased
the number of skilled artisans increased
Who suffered the most
Low wages caused the peasants to
the direct tax on peasants
french peasant uprising
As a result of the plague
- cities grew
- commoners flourished
- kings flourished
- church won revenue and lost power
- nobility lost power
the Hundred years war was a struggle for nation _____ and control for territority
May have been started by the English king _____ , the grandson of Philip the fair, asserting a _____ to the French throne after French king Charles IV died
France was struggling to make the transition from a fuedal state into a centralized _____ _____
France borrowed money from Italian bankers which _____ french currency
English military superiority - _____ and _____
shrewd English _____
Major English Victories
1. capture French king John II the Good at the battle of _____.
2. France governed by the _____ led by Etienne Marcel.
3. Bloody _____ rebelions - the Jacquerie
Peace of Bretigny-Calais-ended Edward's _____ to French thrown and gave English territorial rights in France; Edward renounced _____ to French throne.
French defeat at the _____ of _____
Richard the II _____ puts down peasant rebellion led by John Ball and Wat Tyler
War resumes when Henry V _____ Normandy and takes advantage of French _____ - dutch of Burgundy
Treaty of Troyes - Henry V becomes _____ to the throne of France.
_____ convinces Cahrles VII that God told her to deliever besieged _____ from the English.
She gave a sense of national _____.
After the dutch of _____ made peace with France, English were defeated and left with one coastal enclave
- Joan of Arc
impact of the war
1. France was _____; French nationalism was _____.
2.Burgundy was a major _____ power.
3.England was forced to develop their clothing industry and found new _____ for trade
forbade taxation of clergy without papal approval
Pope Clement V moves papal court to this city
Defender of Peace
argued the pope was a subordinate member of society over which the emperor has supreme authority and temporal peace was the greatest good.
Conciliar Theory of Church Government
A church in which a representative council could effectively regulate the actions of the pope.
The 13th century was
- a powerful political institution governed by it's own laws and courts
- serviced by an efficient bureaucracy
- preoccupied with secular goals
Pope Boniface VIII challenged the monarchs of Europe when he
- supported Scottish resistence in England
- sent a bull, Ausculta fili, to King Philip informing him God has set popes over kings and kingdoms
To make money Pope Clement V sold indulgences to rais money. This led to
the aviginon papacy's reputation for materialism and wealth
The lollards in England looked to the writings of ____ to justify their demands and the Hussites in Bohemia looked to the writings of ____ to justify their demands.