A substance with a pH value less than 7; a molecule that has a proton that is not orbited by a paired electron.
Excessive amounts of acid in the tissues to the point that tissues are acidotic.
Condition in which the amount of hydrogen atoms in an arterial blood gas sample is below 7.35.
Excessive acid in a body system that can have a profound effect upon the body's uptake, distribution, and the effectiveness of medications administered.
Condition in which the amount of hydrogen atoms in an arterial blood gas sample is above 7.45.
Atoms that lack a proton and therefore want to accept protons from an acid in order to become electrically balanced; a substance with a pH value greater than 7.
Actions taken to render an atom neutral (not to have an electrical charge).
Condition in which the partial pressure of carbon dioxide dissolved in an arterial blood gas sample is greater than 45; increased carbon dioxide levels.
Condition in which the amount of bicarbonate ions in an arterial blood gas sample is greater than 30.
Condition in which partial pressure of oxygen dissolved in the arterial blood gas sample is greater than 100.
Condition in which the partial pressure of carbon dioxide dissolved in an arterial blood gas sample is less than 35.
Condition in which the amount of bicarbonate ions in an arterial blood gas sample is less than 22.
An atom that has a positive or negative charge due to a gained or lost electron.
Acids formed during anaerobic metabolism and amino acids formed by the breakdown/oxidation of proteins.
A measure of the differing degrees of acidity or alkalinity in a substance. The range is from 0 to 14, with 7 being neutral. Values lower than 7 are acids, values higher than 7 are bases, and pure distilled water is neutral.
A fever that makes the body's environment hostile to bacteria.
Acid in the body formed when excess carbon dioxide reacts with water to form carbonic acid (H2CO3) before conversion into bicarbonate, which is the intermediary step in carbon dioxide transport.