chapter 25 glossary

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deamon
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283889
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chapter 25 glossary
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2014-09-23 11:30:12
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paramedic
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  1. Acid
    A substance with a pH value less than 7; a molecule that has a proton that is not orbited by a paired electron.
  2. Acid load
    Excessive amounts of acid in the tissues to the point that tissues are acidotic.
  3. Acidemia
    Condition in which the amount of hydrogen atoms in an arterial blood gas sample is below 7.35.
  4. Acidosis
    Excessive acid in a body system that can have a profound effect upon the body's uptake, distribution, and the effectiveness of medications administered.
  5. Alkalemia
    Condition in which the amount of hydrogen atoms in an arterial blood gas sample is above 7.45.
  6. Base
    Atoms that lack a proton and therefore want to accept protons from an acid in order to become electrically balanced; a substance with a pH value greater than 7.
  7. Buffered
    Actions taken to render an atom neutral (not to have an electrical charge).
  8. Hypercapnia
    Condition in which the partial pressure of carbon dioxide dissolved in an arterial blood gas sample is greater than 45; increased carbon dioxide levels.
  9. Hypercarbia
    Condition in which the amount of bicarbonate ions in an arterial blood gas sample is greater than 30.
  10. Hyperoxia
    Condition in which partial pressure of oxygen dissolved in the arterial blood gas sample is greater than 100.
  11. Hypocapnea
    Condition in which the partial pressure of carbon dioxide dissolved in an arterial blood gas sample is less than 35.
  12. Hypocarbia
    Condition in which the amount of bicarbonate ions in an arterial blood gas sample is less than 22.
  13. Ions
    An atom that has a positive or negative charge due to a gained or lost electron.
  14. Metabolic acids
    Acids formed during anaerobic metabolism and amino acids formed by the breakdown/oxidation of proteins.
  15. pH scale
    A measure of the differing degrees of acidity or alkalinity in a substance. The range is from 0 to 14, with 7 being neutral. Values lower than 7 are acids, values higher than 7 are bases, and pure distilled water is neutral.
  16. Pyrexia
    A fever that makes the body's environment hostile to bacteria.
  17. Respiratory acid
    Acid in the body formed when excess carbon dioxide reacts with water to form carbonic acid (H2CO3) before conversion into bicarbonate, which is the intermediary step in carbon dioxide transport.

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