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* collection of pus
* protein in urine
* induced/increased formation & secretion of urine
- * painful
- * difficult urination
* swelling caused by fluid in tissue space
* a chemical element
- * inflammation of kidney glomerulus. occurs w/infection.
- * (glomerulus = tiny ball of capillaries in cortex of kidney)
* process of fat metabolism. excess ketone bodies in tissue/fluids
* opening or canal
- * urination
- * the act of voiding
* kidney stone
* frequent/excessive urination at night (4am special)
* light colored urine
* excessive thirst
* excessive urination
* xray of kidneys & ureters AFTER injection of raidopaque dye
* pus in urine
* tube leading from the urinary bladder to outside of the body (urethra franklin)
* inflammation of the uretha
* chemical analysis of urine
- * urination
- * condition of urine
* fasting blood sugar
- urinary bladder
- cyst sac of fluid
kidneys are retroperitonal... (retro-per-it-on-al)...
* posterior to abdominal wall
kidneys are enclosed in a tough covering called a _______ that is surrounded by _________.
- * capsule
- * peritoneal fat
2 parts of the kidney:
- * 1 renal cortex (outer layer)
- * 2 renal medulla (inner layer)
a nephron is...
* structural & functional unit of the kidney
6 parts to a nephron...
- NEPHRON CORTEX
- * glomerulus
- * glomerular
- * proximal convoluted tube
- NEPHRON MEDULLA
- * nephron loop
- * distal convoluted tube * collecting duct
average adult urinates 5 - 6 times a day... average output...
* 1200-1500 ml daily
6 FUNCTIONS of the Urinary System:
- * #1 filters body of waste products
- * #2 regulates fluid volume
- * #3 maintains electrolytes in body fluids
- * #4 controls blood pH
- * #5 secretes erythropoietin (stims RBC formation) (ery-thro-poie-tin)
- * #6 secretes renin (controls BP) (re-nin)
24 hour Urine Test
- * discard 1st specimen on 1st day
- * specimen should be refridgerated
urinalysis may detect...
- * cystitis (bladder infection)
- * diabetes
- * nepritis
- * cancer
NORMAL urine is...
- * clear - yellow - golden
- * odorless
- * SG 1.001 - 1.015/ ph 4.6 - 8.0
- * 95% water/ 5 % solutes
ABNORMAL urine is...
- * has blood
- * pus
- * ketone bodies
primary kidney function is...
* eliminate excess water & remove nitrogen waste
- * tube that carries urine from the bladder to outside the body
- * FEMALE @ 5" / MALE @ 7-8" (men can "hold" more)
2 names for a kidney stone...
- * neohrolithiasis
- * renal calculi
- (crystals of uric acid in urine)
* blood in urine
* cloudiness in urine (abnormal)
specific gravity is...
- * comparison of weight of urine to equal amount of water
- (1.00 - 1.025)
- * increased: dehydration/fever
- * decreased: hypothermia/renal failure
cellular cast is...
* cast trap of RBC/WBC or renal tubular epithelial cells
- xray of the:
- * kidneys
- * ureters
- * bladder
examples of an invasive procedure...
- * catheterization
- * cystoscopy
- * condition where products normally found in urine are found in blood
- * (usually results from chronic kidney disease)
- * polyuria (diluted urine)
- * anuria (absence of urine)
- * hemodialysis ( treatment of kidney failure)
- * gout (increased uric acid in blood)
- * cystitis ( inflamed bladder)
- * renal calculi (kidney stone)
- * kidney
- * ureter
- * urinary bladder
- * urethra
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