Soc: Origins Test

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LaurenCamp29
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283910
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Soc: Origins Test
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2014-09-23 16:29:46
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  1. Particular point of view
    Perspective
  2. View that looks at behavior of groups, not individuals
    Sociological Perspective
  3. Common beliefs or ideas that most people hold true
    Conventional (social) Wisdom
  4. Ability to see the relationship between events in personal life and events in society
    Sociological Imagination
  5. Patterned interaction of people in social relationships
    Social Structure
  6. Scientific study of social structure (human social behavior)
    Sociology
  7. Class owning the means for producing wealth
    Bourgeoisie
  8. One who owns the means for producing wealth
    Capitalist
  9. Social dependency based on a broad consensus of values and beliefs, enforced conformity, and dependence on tradition and family
    ex: Small Town
    Mechanical Solidarity
  10. Social interdependency based on a high degree of specialization
    ex: the City
    Organic Solidarity
  11. Belief that knowledge should be derived from scientific observation
    Positivism
  12. The mindset emphasizing knowledge, reason, and planning
    Rationalization
  13. Ongoing struggle between the bourgeoisie and the proletariat
    Class Conflict
  14. The study of social change
    Social Dynamics
  15. The study of social stability and order
    Social Statics
  16. Theory that societies evolve naturally into the fittest form
    Social Darwinism
  17. The working class
    Proletariat
  18. Understanding social behavior by putting yourself in the place of others
    Verstehen
  19. Set of assumptions accepted as true
    Theoretical Perspective
  20. Anything that stands for something else and has an agreed upon meaning attached to it
    Symbol
  21. Macro-oriented approach emphasizing the role of conflict, competition, and constraint within a society
    Conflict Perspective
  22. Approach that depicts human interaction as theatrical performances
    Dramaturgy
  23. Macro-oriented approach that emphasizes the contributions made by each part of society
    Functionalism
  24. Micro-oriented approach that focuses on the interactions among people based on mutually understood symbols
    Symbolic Interactionism
  25. Intended and recognized consequences of an aspect of society
    Manifest Functions
  26. Negative consequence of an aspect of society
    Dysfunction
  27. Ability to control the behavior of others
    Power
  28. Unintended and unrecognized consequences of an aspect of society
    Latent Functions
  29. What are the 5 Soft Sciences?
    • Anthropology
    • Psychology
    • Economics
    • Political
    • History
  30. Study of fragments from ancient societies to see how they used to work
    Anthropology
  31. Study of mental life and observable behavior
    Psychology
  32. Study of ecosystems
    Economics
  33. Study of Political systems
    Political Science
  34. Study of previous societies and how they worked
    History
  35. What are the 5 Hard Sciences?
    • Chemistry
    • Biology
    • Physics
    • Anatomy
    • Sociology
  36. Scientific discipline that focuses attention on patterns of behavior
    Systematic
  37. Group behavior is primary focus/how groups influences individuals and vice versa
    Human Society
  38. What are the advantages of a Sociological Perspective?
    (3)
    • Sociology and Social Marginality
    • Allows us to notice diversity in America
    • Sociology draws attention to social crisis
  39. Whose favorite course of study was Suicide?
    Dirkheim
  40. Who was more likely to commit suicide?
    • Male protestants who were wealthy and unmarried 
    • -Protestanism and Individualism
  41. Who was less likely to commit suicide?
    • Male Jews and Catholics who were poor and married
    • -being Catholic and Group Orientation
  42. What are the Ethnic/Racial group percentages of who is more or less likely to attend college?
    • Blacks: 60%
    • Whites: 68%
    • Hispanics: 66%
  43. Believes society is often responsible for many of our problems and that we must separate things that have do with personal troubles, biography, social issues, and history
    C Wright Mills
  44. Belief in science began to place the traditional forms of authority
    Scientific Revolution
  45. Industrialism and Capitalism were changing economic patterns
    Economic Revolution
  46. More Democratic values and standards were being adopted
    Political Revolution
  47. Spent life focused on the class conflict, the ongoing struggle between the bourgeoisie (owners) and the proletariat (working) class
    Marx
  48. Frenchman who coined the term sociology and positivism. He fostered the belief that knowledge should be derived from scientific observation.
    Comte
  49. Came up with Social Statics, Social Dynamics, and the terms Sociology and Positivism
    Comte
  50. Came up with the Capitalist
    Marx
  51. Came up with Verstehen and emphasized rationalization
    Weber
  52. Compared parts of the human body to the institutions of society each contributing to one well being/Survival of the Fittest
    Spencer
  53. African American that attended Harvard University who spent the rest of his life addressing the "Negro Problem". He is the founder of the NAACP and the Pan-African Movement.
    W.E.B. Du Bois
  54. Major author who rivaled Charles Dickinson and saw the connection between slavery's abolition and the feminist movement
    Gaskell
  55. Found of the Hull House to improve the lives of immigrants, she also won a Nobel Prize
    Jane Adams
  56. Statement of how and why facts are related
    Theory
  57. Set of fundamental assumptions that guides thinking
    Paradigm
  58. 2 Key Elements of Structural Functionalism?
    • Social Structure
    • Social Function
  59. Refers to the consequences of social patterns for society
    Social Function
  60. Solves the conflict between the thesis and antithesis by reconciling their common truths and forming a new thesis, starting the process over
    Synthesis
  61. An intellectual proposition/existing fact/what we challenge
    Thesis
  62. The negation of the thesis, a reaction to the proposition.
    Anti-Thesis
  63. What are the 3 Perspectives?
    • Structural Functionalism
    • Symbolic Interactionism
    • Conflict Theory
  64. What are the key elements of Conflict Theory?
    (2)
    • Society is structured in ways to benefit a few at the expense of the majority
    • Facts such as sex and race
  65. Created Symbolic Interactionism
    Mead
  66. 3 Key Elements of Symbolic Interactionism
    • Externalization
    • Objectification
    • Internalization
  67. Creation of institutions and rules that govern interaction
    Externalization
  68. People begin to see such arrangements as do not have a human connection
    -Reification
    Objectification
  69. We internalize a socially constructed reality as we learn to adapt to society on our way to becoming a "normal human"
    Internalization

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