Soc: Origins Test
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Particular point of view
View that looks at behavior of groups, not individuals
Common beliefs or ideas that most people hold true
Conventional (social) Wisdom
Ability to see the relationship between events in personal life and events in society
Patterned interaction of people in social relationships
Scientific study of social structure (human social behavior)
Class owning the means for producing wealth
One who owns the means for producing wealth
Social dependency based on a broad consensus of values and beliefs, enforced conformity, and dependence on tradition and family
ex: Small Town
Social interdependency based on a high degree of specialization
ex: the City
Belief that knowledge should be derived from scientific observation
The mindset emphasizing knowledge, reason, and planning
Ongoing struggle between the bourgeoisie and the proletariat
The study of social change
The study of social stability and order
Theory that societies evolve naturally into the fittest form
The working class
Understanding social behavior by putting yourself in the place of others
Set of assumptions accepted as true
Anything that stands for something else and has an agreed upon meaning attached to it
Macro-oriented approach emphasizing the role of conflict, competition, and constraint within a society
Approach that depicts human interaction as theatrical performances
Macro-oriented approach that emphasizes the contributions made by each part of society
Micro-oriented approach that focuses on the interactions among people based on mutually understood symbols
Intended and recognized consequences of an aspect of society
Negative consequence of an aspect of society
Ability to control the behavior of others
Unintended and unrecognized consequences of an aspect of society
What are the 5 Soft Sciences?
Study of fragments from ancient societies to see how they used to work
Study of mental life and observable behavior
Study of ecosystems
Study of Political systems
Study of previous societies and how they worked
What are the 5 Hard Sciences?
Scientific discipline that focuses attention on patterns of behavior
Group behavior is primary focus/how groups influences individuals and vice versa
What are the advantages of a Sociological Perspective?
- Sociology and Social Marginality
- Allows us to notice diversity in America
- Sociology draws attention to social crisis
Whose favorite course of study was Suicide?
Who was more likely to commit suicide?
- Male protestants who were wealthy and unmarried
- -Protestanism and Individualism
Who was less likely to commit suicide?
- Male Jews and Catholics who were poor and married
- -being Catholic and Group Orientation
What are the Ethnic/Racial group percentages of who is more or less likely to attend college?
- Blacks: 60%
- Whites: 68%
- Hispanics: 66%
Believes society is often responsible for many of our problems and that we must separate things that have do with personal troubles, biography, social issues, and history
C Wright Mills
Belief in science began to place the traditional forms of authority
Industrialism and Capitalism were changing economic patterns
More Democratic values and standards were being adopted
Spent life focused on the class conflict, the ongoing struggle between the bourgeoisie (owners) and the proletariat (working) class
Frenchman who coined the term sociology and positivism. He fostered the belief that knowledge should be derived from scientific observation.
Came up with Social Statics, Social Dynamics, and the terms Sociology and Positivism
Came up with the Capitalist
Came up with Verstehen and emphasized rationalization
Compared parts of the human body to the institutions of society each contributing to one well being/Survival of the Fittest
African American that attended Harvard University who spent the rest of his life addressing the "Negro Problem". He is the founder of the NAACP and the Pan-African Movement.
W.E.B. Du Bois
Major author who rivaled Charles Dickinson and saw the connection between slavery's abolition and the feminist movement
Found of the Hull House to improve the lives of immigrants, she also won a Nobel Prize
Statement of how and why facts are related
Set of fundamental assumptions that guides thinking
2 Key Elements of Structural Functionalism?
- Social Structure
- Social Function
Refers to the consequences of social patterns for society
Solves the conflict between the thesis and antithesis by reconciling their common truths and forming a new thesis, starting the process over
An intellectual proposition/existing fact/what we challenge
The negation of the thesis, a reaction to the proposition.
What are the 3 Perspectives?
- Structural Functionalism
- Symbolic Interactionism
- Conflict Theory
What are the key elements of Conflict Theory?
- Society is structured in ways to benefit a few at the expense of the majority
- Facts such as sex and race
Created Symbolic Interactionism
3 Key Elements of Symbolic Interactionism
Creation of institutions and rules that govern interaction
People begin to see such arrangements as do not have a human connection
We internalize a socially constructed reality as we learn to adapt to society on our way to becoming a "normal human"
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