SOC101 Ch 3

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  1. Ageism
    prejudice and discrimination against people on the basis of age, particularly against older people.
  2. agents of socialization
    the persons, groups, or institutions that teach us what we need to know in order to participate in society.
  3. anticipatory socialization
    the process by which knowledge and skills are learned for future roles.
  4. ego
    according to Sigmund Freud, the rational, reality-oriented component of personality that imposes restrictions on the innate pleasure-seeking drives of the id.
  5. gender socialization
    the aspect of socialization that contains specific messages and practices concerning the nature of being female or male in a specific group or society.
  6. generalized other
    George Herbert Mead’s term for the child’s awareness of the demands and expectations of the society as a whole or of the child’s subculture.
  7. id
    Sigmund Freud’s term for the component of personality that includes all of the individual’s basic biological drives and needs that demand immediate gratification.
  8. looking-glass self
    Charles Horton Cooley’s term for the way in which a person’s sense of self is derived from the perceptions of others.
  9. Mass Media
    composed of large-scale organizations that use print or electronic means to communicate with large numbers of people.
  10. peer group
    a group of people who are linked by common interests, equal social position, and (usually) similar age.
  11. racial socialization
    the aspect of socialization that contains specific messages and practices concerning the nature of one’s racial or ethnic status.
  12. role-taking
    the process by which a person mentally assumes the role of another person in order to understand the world from that person’s point of view.
  13. self-concept
    the totality of our beliefs and feelings about ourselves.
  14. significant others
    those persons whose care, affection, and approval are especially desired and who are most important in the development of the self.
  15. social devaluation
    a situation in which a person or group is considered to have less social value than other individuals or groups.
  16. socialization
    the lifelong process of social interaction through which individuals acquire a self-identity and the physical, mental, and social skills needed for survival in society.
  17. sociobiology
    the systematic study of how biology affects social behavior.
  18. superego
    Sigmund Freud’s term for the conscience, consisting of the moral and ethical aspects of personality.
  19. resocialization
    the process of learning a new and different set of attitudes, values, and behaviors from those in one’s background and experience.
  20. norms
    established rules of behavior or standards of conduct.
Card Set
SOC101 Ch 3
Vocabulary words from sociology textbook chapter 3
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