SO141 Finals Test

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SO141 Finals Test
2014-09-24 01:11:45

Intro to Sociology
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  1. C. Wright Mills
    • referred to the Sociological perspective as the intersection of biography and history
    • History- Location in broad stream of events
    • Biography- Individual's specific experiences
    • Exteranal influences- experiences become part of thinking and motivation
  2. Karl Marx- Class Conflict
    • Born 1818-1883
    • Engine of Human history is class conflict
    • The bourgeoisie vs the proletariat
    • Marxism not the same as communism
    • Introduced conflict theory
  3. Max Weber & the Protestant Ethic
    • Born 1864-1920
    • Religion and the origin of capitalism
    • Disagreed with Marx's claim that economics is the central force in social change, said that role belongs to religion
    • Weber called this behavior the Protestant ethic; he called their readiness to invest capital in order to make more money the spirit of capitalis
  4. The symbolic interaction approach
    • Symbolic interactionism views symbols, things to which we attach meaning, as the basis of social life.
    • 1. Through the use of symbols, people are able to define relationships to others; to coordinate actions with others, thereby making social life possible; and to develop a sense of themselves.
    • 2. A symbolic interactionist studying divorce would focus on how the changing meanings of marriage, family, and divorce have all contributed to the increase in the rate of divorce in U.S. society.
  5. Research Steps
    • Select Topic
    • Define Problem
    • Review literature
    • Formulate hypothesis
    • Choose research method
    • Collect Data
    • Analyze results
    • Publish results
  6. Globalization
    is the breaking down of national boundaries because of advances in communication, trade, and travel
  7. Reliability
    the extent to which research produces consistent or dependable results
  8. Culture
    the language, beliefs, values, norms, behaviors, and even material objects that characterized a group and are passed from one generation to the next
  9. Language
    a system of symbols that can be combined in a infinite number of ways and can represent not only objects but also abstract thought
  10. Norms
    expectations of "right" behavior
  11. Robin Williams added values to the core values list
    False.  Williams identified 10 values, Henslin updated Williams list with three more
  12. Five interrelate values in American society
    • Leisure
    • self-fulfillment
    • physical fitness
    • youthfulness
    • Environmental concern
  13. Difference between ideal culture and real culture
    Ideal culture is a group's ideal values, norms, and goals.  Real Culture is people's actual behavior which often falls short of their cultural ideals.