Medical procedures - phlebotomy and diagnostic testing and lab procedures.txt

Card Set Information

Author:
kelliecook
ID:
28398
Filename:
Medical procedures - phlebotomy and diagnostic testing and lab procedures.txt
Updated:
2010-07-29 19:25:14
Tags:
Extra Medical Procedures
Folders:

Description:
Extra Medical procedures
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user kelliecook on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. the blood lancet is used for the collection of blood specimens by

    A. injection
    B. cutting
    C. skin puncture
    D. suction
    C. skin puncture
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. the standard point of the lancet to be used when collecting blood from a newborn heel is __ in length

    A. 2.4mm
    B. 3.6mm
    C. 4.7mm
    D. 5.5mm
    A. 2.4mm
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. the most important step in the performance of a venipuncture is

    A. selecting the appropriate tourniquet
    B. positvely identifying the patient
    C. selecting the correct needle gauge
    D. selecting the appropriate cleansing agent
    B. positvely identifying the patient
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. when cleansing the venipuncture site, it is good practice to

    A. wipe the site back and forth quickly with an alcohol prep
    B. blow on the alcohol to dry it so it doesn't burn
    C. cleanse the site from the inside out and allow it to air dry
    D. have the patient wave the arm in the air to dry it faster
    C. cleanse the site from the inside out and allow it to air dry
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. to determine the size of the needle remember that the higher the gauge number the ___ needle

    A. larger
    B. longer
    C. smaller
    D. shorter
    C. smaller
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. an instrument called a centrifuge

    A. heats specimens
    B. separates the cellular and liquid portion of the blood
    C. freezes specimens
    D. is used for incubation
    B. separates the cellular and liquid portion of the blood
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. rubber sleeves on an evacuated tube system make it possible for

    A. multiple use
    B. sterilization
    C. slower draw of blood
    D. faster draw of blood
    A. multiple use
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. preparing for a glucose tolerance test __ hours before or during the test, the patient should not eat smoke drink coffee of alcohol

    A. two
    B. one half
    C. one
    D. ten
    D. ten
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. in the evacuated blood collection system the evacuated glass tubes come in different sizes and the stoppers are __ to denote the type of additive or lack of one

    A. serrated
    B. striped
    C. color coded
    D. stamped
    C. color coded
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. during venipuncture to secure the needle during insertion into the tube stopper you need a

    A. holder
    B. tape
    C. sleeve
    D. ball of cotton
    A. holder
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. which needle gauges are most commonly used for venipuncture

    A. 16-18
    B. 21-22
    C. 24-25
    D. 19-20
    B. 21-22
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. when performing a venipuncture the tournquet should be wrapped around the arm about three to four inches from where you are going to __ for a vein

    A. scrape
    B. apply soap
    C. tap
    D. feel
    D. feel
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. when performing a venipuncture if you have the patient ___ the veins will become more prominent

    A. cough
    B. make a fist
    C. hold their breath
    D. take a deep breath
    B. make a fist
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. which of the following is false

    A. veins go different directions
    B. veins give under pressure
    C. veins feel like an elastic tube
    D. veins pulsate
    D. veins pulsate
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. use you index finger when you __ for a vein

    A. inject
    B. scratch
    C.palpate
    D. stick
    C. palpate
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. arterioles are the smallest type of

    A. veins
    B. arteries
    C. bones
    D. tendons
    B. arteries
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. the maximum time a tourniquet should be tied on the upper arm while drawing blood is

    A. 2 minutes
    B. 1 minute
    C. 4 minutes
    D. 3 minutes
    B. 1 minute
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. to cleanse the typical venipuncture site, begin at the intended site of the draw and

    A. cleanse vigorously for 30 seconds
    B. use the lifting motion to move away from the skin
    C. wipe carefully back and forth
    D. work in a circle to the periphery
    D. work in a circle to the periphery
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. the venipuncture site should be cleansed with

    A. a paper towel
    B. an alcohol prep
    C. a damp solution
    D. the back of your hand
    B. an alcohol prep
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. when using a centrifuge make sure equal weights are

    A. opposite each other
    B. side by side
    C. one space apart
    D. liquid
    A. opposite each other
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. the lid to the centrifuge should be kept ___ when in use

    A. ajar
    B. open
    C. lifted
    D. closed
    D. closed
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. when using an evacuated tube for collection of electrolytes use a

    A. blue top tube
    B. lavender top tube
    C. black top tube
    D. red top tube
    D. red top tube
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. when collecting blood for a hematocrit test use a

    A. yellow top
    B. blue top
    C. lavender top
    D. red top
    C. lavender top
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. when collecting blood for cholesterol test use a __ top evacuated tube

    A. blue
    B. yellow
    C. red
    D. lavender
    C. red
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. the primary anticoagulant additive EDTA removes calcium by forming insoluble or un-ionized calcium salts. it has an advantage of preventing platelet clumping and the formation of artifacts, therefore, good for the preparation of

    A. red cell preservation
    B. blood films
    C. background staining
    D. clotting
    B. blood films
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. sodium citrate is an anticoagulant of choice for coagulation studies because it protects certain of the

    A. enzyme inhibitors
    B. red blood cells
    C. white blood cells
    D. pro-coagulants
    D. pro-coagulants
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. the tube to collect whole blood with and additive in it has a __ stopper

    A. red
    B. lavender
    C. green
    D. yellow
    B. lavender
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. the color coding for a stopper of a tube with no additives is (for collection of serum)

    A. black
    B. blue
    C. green
    D. red
    D. red
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. at the location where you are going to feel for a vein wrap the tourniquet around the arm approximately __ above the area

    A. one foot
    B. three to four inches
    C. nine to ten inches
    D. one inch
    B. three to four inches
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. the cephalic, medial cubital, and basilic veins are __ used for venipuncture

    A. seldom
    B. never
    C. dangerous when
    D. primarily
    D. primarily
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. when doing a venipuncture the syringe or tube should be ___ the venipuncture site to prevent back flow

    A. below
    B. moved from side to side
    C. moved in and out
    D. above
    A. below
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. when anticoagulated blood is centrifuged __ goes to the top of the tube

    a. white blood cells
    b. red blood cells
    c. plasma
    d. water
  33. when anticoagulated blood is centrifuged ___ goes to the bottom of the tube

    A. white blood cells
    B. water
    C. red blood cells
    D. plasma
    C. red blood cells
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. when collecting blood by skin puncture on an infant you should use a

    A. 23 ga needle
    B. lancet
    C. 25 ga needle
    D. scalpel
    B. lancet
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. the tube used to collect a blood sample for a complete blood count is

    A. lavender top EDTA
    B. red top no additive
    C. blue top sodium citrate additive
    D. green top lithium heparin additive
    A. lavender top EDTA
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. which of these lab tests monitor anticoagulation therapy

    A. pt and ptt
    B. t3 and t4
    C. abo and rh
    D. hb and hct
    A. pt and ptt
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  37. which one of the following evacuated tubes would be drawn first

    A. gray
    B. lavender
    C. green
    D. red
    D. red
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  38. making sure that a tube is correctly labeled with the patients complete name and identificaion number is part of the facilities ___ plan

    A. quality control
    B. all choices
    C. incident report
    D. exposure control
    A. quality control
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  39. when performing a venipuncture if no blood flows into the tube how would you correct this situation

    A. remove the needle and tourniquet and prepare another site
    B. gently insert the needle a little deeper
    C. all choices could be correct
    D. gently pull the need out just a little
    C. all choices could be correct
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  40. if during a venipuncture a patient has a synocpal episode what would be your best course of action

    A. contiue the draw you nee the specimen
    B. begin cpr and activate 911
    C. remove the needle and tourniquet and lower the patients head and arms
    D. restrain the patient and keep the patient from causing bodily injury
    C. remove the needle and tourniquet and lower the patients head and arms
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  41. the most appropriate site for performing a capillary puncture in a healthy adult is the

    A. earlobes
    B. fingers
    C. great toe
    D. forearms
    B. fingers
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  42. it is very important when performing a capillary stick to do which of the following

    A. not use alcohol to clean the site
    B. to forcefully make the puncture
    C. wipe away the first drop of blood
    d. it is very important to do all of the above
    C. wipe away the first drop of blood
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  43. performing a __ as part of a complete blood count determines the ratio of the volume packed red blood cells to that of whole blood

    A. hemoglobin
    B. hematocrit
    C. differential
    D. glucose
    B. hematocrit
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  44. ___ values are increased in infections and inflammatory diease

    A. glucose
    B. erythrocyte sedimentation rates
    C. hematocrit
    D. cogulation studies
    B. erythrocyte sedimentation rates
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  45. what type of blood samples will be needed to perform a hemoglobin test

    A. no correct answer
    B. edta added
    C. white blood cells
    D. serum only
    B. edta added
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  46. how many hematocrit tubes should be collected from the patient

    A. 2
    B. 1
    C. 5
    D. 3
    A. 2
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  47. what type of blood sample is needed when performing a pku

    A. no correct answer
    B. capillary
    C. either one is acceptable
    D. venipuncture
    B. capillary
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  48. a ___ is a small sterile needle like piece of metal used to make small puncture in the dermis

    A. fleam
    B. lancet
    C. cup
    D. scarificator
    B. lancet
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  49. in drug testing the ___ regulates describe how evidence is to be collected and handled

    A. person in charge
    B. chain of custody
    C. chain of command
    D. local law enforcement
    B. chain of custody
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  50. a(n) ___ requires the patient to be fasting and then blood is taken every hour for a predetermined time

    A. white blood cell count
    B. differential
    C. glucose tolerance test
    D. cholesterol test
    C. glucose tolerance test
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview