World War II not only devastated the countries, cities, peoples, and cultures of Europe, but also destroyed?
European supremacy in world affairs. Beginning in the sixteenth century, the states of Europe dominated much of the world. From the western hemisphere to Africa and throughout Asia, it was the Age of the West. By the end of the nineteenth century, the nations of Europe had "carved up" much of Africa, established spheres of influence in China, and created empires everywhere, not least the British Empire. However, the world wars of the twentieth century weakened European hegemony, and by the end of World War II, Europe had lost its supremacy in world affairs.