NEW_SAT_Vocab_Cards_Day_14.txt

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Yleana_2014
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284102
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NEW_SAT_Vocab_Cards_Day_14.txt
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2014-09-25 16:28:46
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vocab Day 14 sat
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  1. stock
    • PART OF SPEECH: adjective
    • DEFINITION: Describing a traditional, stereotypical, or formulaic character in a play, novel, or film.
    • SENTENCE: No matter how much depth Peter attempted to give his antagonist, he couldn't seem to write outside of the stock character mold in which the bad guy twirls his mustache and laughs menacingly.
    • SYNONYMS: trite, typical, stereotyped
    • ANTONYMS: novel, original, unusual
  2. esoteric
    • PART OF SPEECH: adjective
    • DEFINITION: Characterized by knowledge that is old, obscure, or only known to a small group of specialists
    • SENTENCE: Even Professor Savory, an Egyptologist, struggled with the esoteric questions on very specific moments in Ancient Egyptian lore and traditions.
    • SYNONYMS: abstruse, cryptic, hidden
    • ANTONYMS: straightforward, evident, lucid
  3. arcane
    • PART OF SPEECH: adjective
    • DEFINITION: complicated or mysterious, and therefore known to very few people
    • SENTENCE: Randall is full of arcane information he gets watching quiz shows, reading factbooks, and doing random searches on the internet.
    • SYNONYMS: obscure, esoteric, mysterious
    • ANTONYMS: clear, popular, evident
  4. bent
    • PART OF SPEECH: noun
    • DEFINITION: direction taken, as guided by one's interests or a strong tendency; a strong inclination, interest, or ability
    • SENTENCE: Picasso's artistic bent guided him to painting and experimentation, leading him to becoming one of the most distinguished painters of modern times.
    • SYNONYMS: inclination, knack, proclivity
    • ANTONYMS: n/a
  5. court
    • PART OF SPEECH: verb
    • DEFINITION: To attempt to gain the favor, preference, or support of a person or group
    • SENTENCE: Candidates from both political parties are working hard to court young voters.
    • SYNONYMS: woo, solicit, pursue
    • ANTONYMS: disregard, ignore, slight
  6. oblivious
    • PART OF SPEECH: adjective
    • DEFINITION: Lacking conscious awareness; without memory or mindful attention;
    • SENTENCE: Even with all the commotion around her, Cynthia remained oblivious.
    • SYNONYMS: unmindful, unaware, ignorant
    • ANTONYMS: conscious, mindful, understanding
  7. temper
    • PART OF SPEECH: verb
    • DEFINITION: To soften or moderate, and make something less severe or extreme
    • SENTENCE: Virginia successfully persuaded Greg to temper his anger and discuss what was frustrating him.
    • SYNONYMS: assuage, alleviate, abate, moderate, mitigate
    • ANTONYMS: aggravate, agitate, worsen
  8. pedestrian
    • PART OF SPEECH: adjective
    • DEFINITION: lacking vitality or innovation; normal and not in any way new, exciting, or unusual
    • SENTENCE: When movie stars have reputations for being quick to anger, Darius keeps the questions pedestrian in his interviews to prevent any arguments.
    • SYNONYMS: trite, banal, hackneyed
    • ANTONYMS: novel, new, innovative
  9. verbose
    • PART OF SPEECH: adjective
    • DEFINITION: characterized by the use of too many words; using more words than are needed
    • SENTENCE: Though Helen is verbose in her opinions, she talks for so long people often wonder if she is actually saying anything.
    • SYNONYMS: wordy, long winded, chatty
    • ANTONYMS: laconic, terse, mute
  10. garrulous
    • PART OF SPEECH: adjective
    • DEFINITION: excessively talkative, esp. on trivial matters; rambling, wordy, or diffuse of speech
    • SENTENCE: I love how garrulous my boyfriend is, but sometimes I just wish he would stop talking about the weather.
    • SYNONYMS: talkative, rambling, wordy
    • ANTONYMS: close-mouthed, laconic, quiet
  11. loquacious
    • PART OF SPEECH: adjective
    • DEFINITION: talking or tending to talk much or freely; liking to talk and talking smoothly and easily
    • SENTENCE: Cynthia gets the feeling that Alex thinks she's too garrulous sometimes.
    • SYNONYMS: chatty, voluble, wordy
    • ANTONYMS: terse, concise, reserved
  12. taciturn
    • PART OF SPEECH: adjective
    • DEFINITION: reserved or uncommunicative of speech; tending to be quiet and not speaking frequently
    • SENTENCE: Rod was usually taciturn, which is why everyone was surprised when he gushed on the subject of ancient Norse mythology.
    • SYNONYMS: aloof, reticent, reserved
    • ANTONYMS: outgoing, loquacious, garrulous
  13. quiescent
    • PART OF SPEECH: adjective
    • DEFINITION: the state or period of inactivity and repose; tranquil or motionless
    • SENTENCE: Volcanos can look quiescent and then erupt almost without warning.
    • SYNONYMS: dormant, inert, still
    • ANTONYMS: active, lively, alert
  14. provisional
    • PART OF SPEECH: adjective
    • DEFINITION: existing or accepted for the present time, but likely to be changed; temporary and likely to be replaced
    • SENTENCE: Before allowing younger people to drive by themselves, states will often issue a provisional driver's license.
    • SYNONYMS: temporary, momentary, interim
    • ANTONYMS: permanent, finished
  15. provisional
    • PART OF SPEECH: adjective
    • DEFINITION: existing or accepted for the present time, but likely to be changed; temporary and likely to be replaced
    • SENTENCE: Before allowing younger people to drive by themselves, states will often issue a provisional driver's license.
    • SYNONYMS: temporary, momentary, interim
    • ANTONYMS: permanent, finished
  16. lurid
    • PART OF SPEECH: adjective
    • DEFINITION: causing shock or disgust, esp. using violent, sexual, or unpleasant images or words; vivid in color, esp. making something unnatural or unpleasant
    • SENTENCE: Two newspaper publishers tried to outdo each other by publishing sensational headlines and grotesquely lurid stories.
    • SYNONYMS: offensive, disgusting, atrocious
    • ANTONYMS: enjoyable, calming, everyday
  17. pugnacious
    • PART OF SPEECH: adjective
    • DEFINITION: showing a readiness or desire to fight or quarrel; having a belligerent or combative nature
    • SENTENCE: Groups of more pugnacious Americans will demand that the president declare war on any country for any slight offense to the US.
    • SYNONYMS: belligerent, aggressive, bellicose
    • ANTONYMS: cooperative, nice, tame
  18. truculent
    • PART OF SPEECH: adjective
    • DEFINITION: easily annoyed or angered and likely to argue; fierce, brutal, or savagely harsh in nature
    • SENTENCE: Desmond has always been truculent, but since befriending Marco, he has become friendly and easygoing.
    • SYNONYMS: aggressive, quarrelsome, touchy
    • ANTONYMS: forgiving, accepting, unconcerned
  19. propitiate
    • PART OF SPEECH: verb
    • DEFINITION: to make somebody pleased or less angry by giving or saying something desired; to regain the favor or goodwill
    • SENTENCE: Rachelle would have done anything to propitiate her furious mother, except apologize for her actions.
    • SYNONYMS: please, appease, reconcile
    • ANTONYMS: incite, insult, inflame
  20. perfunctory
    • PART OF SPEECH: adjective
    • DEFINITION: Something performed in a spiritless, mechanical, and routine manner
    • SENTENCE: Paula assumed that her parents were fighting because of their perfunctory kiss one morning, but really they were just tired.
    • SYNONYMS: mundane, automatic, mechanical
    • ANTONYMS: thoughtful, careful, attentive
  21. aplomb
    • PART OF SPEECH: noun
    • DEFINITION: Self-assurance or confidence, esp. on display in a difficult situation; imperturbable self-possession, poise, or assurance
    • SENTENCE: He finished the rigorous physical tests with aplomb, impressing all of his instructors.
    • SYNONYMS: self-possession, dignity, confidence
    • ANTONYMS: distress, discomfort,
  22. opacity
    • PART OF SPEECH: noun
    • DEFINITION: difficult to understand or explain; impenetrably dense and obscure
    • SENTENCE: The opacity of the texts of many laws makes it hard for them to be implemented well or easily.
    • SYNONYMS: ambiguity, inscrutability, obscurity
    • ANTONYMS: clarity, obviousness, plainness
  23. craven
    • PART OF SPEECH: adjective
    • DEFINITION: having or showing a complete lack of courage; contemptibly fainthearted or cowardly
    • SENTENCE: Though she was utterly craven in physical sports, Joel was attracted to Emma for her charm, intelligence, and huge breadth of knowledge.
    • SYNONYMS: cowardly, scared, intimidated
    • ANTONYMS: brave,
  24. venal
    • PART OF SPEECH: adjective
    • DEFINITION: willing to sell one's influence, esp. doing dishonest things in return for money; corrupt, dishonest, and open to bribery
    • SENTENCE: Venal police officers are just as harmful to a country's justice system as lawmakers who are prejudiced or governed by special interests.
    • SYNONYMS: bribable, corruptible, dirty
    • ANTONYMS: incorruptible
  25. licentious
    • PART OF SPEECH: adjective
    • DEFINITION: sexually unrestrained, both legally and morally; promiscuous and unprincipled in sexual matters
    • SENTENCE: What some people might consider to be just flirty behavior might seem to others to be totally licentious and immoral.
    • SYNONYMS: concupiscent, lewd, salacious, wanton
    • ANTONYMS: frigid, undersexed
  26. noxious
    • PART OF SPEECH: adjective
    • DEFINITION: harmful or injurious to health or physical well-being; constituting a harmful or corrupting influence on mind or behavior
    • SENTENCE: China's lax environmental policies and repressive political system are noxious to its citizens' physical and moral well-being.
    • SYNONYMS: noisome, unhealthy, sickly
    • ANTONYMS: visceral, emotional

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