NEW_SAT_Vocab_Cards_Day_15.txt

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Yleana_2014
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284103
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NEW_SAT_Vocab_Cards_Day_15.txt
Updated:
2014-09-25 16:29:27
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Day 15
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  1. copious
    • Part Of speech: adjective
    • DEFINITION: large in quantity or number; in plentiful supply; filled with abundance
    • SENTENCE: The feast included copious amounts of chocolate in bars, mousse, and cake, and everyone felt a bit over-full afterward.
    • SYNONYMS: bountiful, ample, rich
    • ANTONYMS: lacking, meager, scarce
  2. abstemious
    • Part Of speech: adjective
    • DEFINITION: marked by restraint, esp. in consumption of food and alcohol; temperate in eating and drinking
    • SENTENCE: Olga became so abstemious that her friends began to worry for her health.
    • SYNONYMS: temperate, frugal, moderate
    • ANTONYMS: greedy, gluttonous, intemperate
  3. malodorous
    • Part Of speech: adjective
    • DEFINITION: having an unpleasant or foul odor; smelling bad
    • SENTENCE: The skunk's malodorous smell is a defensive weapon that repels predators and can be detected up to a mile away.
    • SYNONYMS: noxious, rancid, putrid
    • ANTONYMS: aromatic, fragrant, perfumed
  4. tedious
    • Part Of speech: adjective
    • DEFINITION: long, slow, tiresome, and filled with boredom; wordy so as to cause weariness or boredom
    • SENTENCE: Everyone thought the speaker's lecture was long and tedious until he came to the part about an ancient sex ritual, which made everyone pay rapt attention.
    • SYNONYMS: annoying, laborious, tiring
    • ANTONYMS: entertaining, exciting, interesting
  5. entomology
    • Part Of speech: noun
    • DEFINITION: the branch of zoology dealing with insects; the scientific study of insects
    • SENTENCE: Dee had wanted to study entomology since she was a child, when she had become fascinated with stick bugs and praying mantises.
    • SYNONYMS: n/a
    • ANTONYMS: n/a
  6. foreshadow
    • Part Of speech: verb
    • DEFINITION: to show or indicate beforehand; to suggest or indicate that something will happen
    • SENTENCE: The teacher used her first lesson, which was fun and easy, to try to foreshadow some of the more difficult topics that would come up that semester.
    • SYNONYMS: foretell, predict
    • ANTONYMS: un-prophetic
  7. subplot
    • Part Of speech: noun
    • DEFINITION: A secondary or subordinate plot in fiction or drama, esp. one that is related to but less important than the main story
    • SENTENCE: Kieran became so obsessed with the more exciting and funny subplot of the novel he was writing that it quickly took the spotlight and became the main plot of the book
    • SYNONYMS: cabal, parenthesis
    • ANTONYMS: n/a
  8. memoir
    • Part Of speech: noun
    • DEFINITION: a written account in which someone, esp. a celebrity or politician, describes past experiences; a written account of something or someone usually based on personal experience
    • SENTENCE: Politicians may often have interesting topics on which to write a memoir, but because they have their own agendas, their accounts of events are usually tinged with party politics.
    • SYNONYMS: account, chronicle, reminiscence
    • ANTONYMS: n/a
  9. anecdote
    • Part Of speech: noun
    • DEFINITION: A short account of an interesting or humorous incident
    • SENTENCE: Gary's anecdote about an injured cat was funny to Marty, but Kaitlyn, Christie, and Joe felt bad for the cat and didn't laugh.
    • SYNONYMS: episode, narration, sketch
    • ANTONYMS: n/a
  10. eulogy
    • Part Of speech: noun
    • DEFINITION: A laudatory (praising) speech or written tribute, especially praising someone who is dead
    • SENTENCE: Pam was so particular about what kind of writing she liked that she wrote her own eulogy, to be read at her funeral, so that no one could mess up such an important moment.
    • SYNONYMS: paean, tribute, accolade
    • ANTONYMS: criticism, denunciation, disapproval
  11. allusion
    • Part Of speech: noun
    • DEFINITION: An indirect or brief reference to a person, event, place, etc. that assumes a common knowledge with the reader/listener; a statement that refers to something without mentioning it directly
    • SENTENCE: After her allusion to what gifts she would like for her birthday, Rosaline was disappointed when she got earrings and fuzzy socks instead of a cookbook and some music.
    • SYNONYMS: quotation, connotation, implication
    • ANTONYMS: reality
  12. catalyst
    • Part Of speech: noun
    • DEFINITION: Something that provokes or triggers events or change; something that causes activity in something/someone else without itself being effected
    • SENTENCE: Everyone had a hard week, so the comet in the sky on Friday proved just the right catalyst for a joyful celebration to forget the week's troubles.
    • SYNONYMS: motivation, stimulant, agitator
    • ANTONYMS: block, hindrance
  13. caustic
    • Part Of speech: adjective
    • DEFINITION: Describing something that hurts or burns, literally or figuratively; in language, harshly sarcastic
    • SENTENCE: Erynn's caustic remarks on Amir's painting made Amir so mad that he punched right through Erynn's canvass, and both of them had to apologize.
    • SYNONYMS: abrasive, acerbic, astringent
    • ANTONYMS: bland, kind, nice, sweet
  14. synthetic
    • Part Of speech: adjective
    • DEFINITION: Produced artificially and unnaturally, by combining two or more substances
    • SENTENCE: Natural fibers like wool are often warmed than synthetic materials, which proves that nature knows how to make effective insulation.
    • SYNONYMS: manufactured, plastic
    • ANTONYMS: genuine, real, natural
  15. precipitate
    • Part Of speech: verb
    • DEFINITION: To cause an event to happen; to hasten the occurrence of, or cause to happen prematurely
    • SENTENCE: The discovery of Soviet missiles in Cuba in 1962 precipitated the tense 13 day standoff between the US and the Soviet Union now called the Cuban Missile Crisis.
    • SYNONYMS: accelerate, expedite, hasten, trigger
    • ANTONYMS: halt, hinder, stop, cease
  16. relief
    • Part Of speech: noun
    • DEFINITION: prominence, vividness, or distinctness due to contrast, as elevation of a land surface; the projection of a figure or part from the ground or plane on which it is formed
    • SENTENCE: Relief maps of the USA show rises in the mountains in the east and west.
    • SYNONYMS: n/a
    • ANTONYMS: n/a
  17. currency
    • Part Of speech: noun
    • DEFINITION: General acceptance or use, prevalence; the fact or state of being widely accepted and circulated
    • SENTENCE: The belief that coaches should treat their players with respect is gaining currency, but many coaches still rely on yelling to motivate their players.
    • SYNONYMS: prevalence, circulation, exposure
    • ANTONYMS: obsolete, passe
  18. negotiate
    • Part Of speech: verb
    • DEFINITION: To successfully travel through, around, or over an obstacle/terrain
    • SENTENCE: To get through the obstacle course, contestants had to negotiate a pit of mud, a huge rope ladder, and a long balance beam, among other things.
    • SYNONYMS: agree, haggle, mediate
    • ANTONYMS: contend, disagree
  19. cavalier
    • Part Of speech: adjective
    • DEFINITION: having an arrogant attitude/haughty disregard for others; treating serious things with offhand disdain or dismissal
    • SENTENCE: Marie Antoinette's cavalier attitude caused her people to feel great hatred toward her.
    • SYNONYMS: condescending, curt, haughty
    • ANTONYMS: humble, reticent
  20. sanction
    • Part Of speech: noun
    • DEFINITION: An official approval for an action; an official action taken to force another country to follow international law; a penalty or reward
    • SENTENCE: College Board imposes strict sanctions on students who forget to turn off cell phones off during the SAT.
    • SYNONYMS: approval, allowance, consent
    • ANTONYMS: denial, disapproval, opposition
  21. compromise
    • Part Of speech: verb
    • DEFINITION: To reduce the quality or value of something; to jeopardize or place at risk
    • SENTENCE: During the earthquake, Hugh felt that any move he could make might compromise his safety, and so he opted to stay in his room and wait.
    • SYNONYMS: accommodation, pact, accord, arrangement
    • ANTONYMS: denial, disagreement, contest
  22. channel
    • Part Of speech: verb
    • DEFINITION: To direct or guide along a desired course
    • SENTENCE: Tony worked hard to channel his creative energies into building a high-tech suit of armor.
    • SYNONYMS: carry, convey, siphon, transmit
    • ANTONYMS: hold, keep
  23. scathing
    • Part Of speech: adjective
    • DEFINITION: Harshly critical or bitterly severe, as a remark
    • SENTENCE: Critics gave the play a scathing review, saying that the violence was unwarranted and the love between the characters terribly fake.
    • SYNONYMS: biting, caustic, harsh, scorching, searing
    • ANTONYMS: calm, gentle, mild, nice, kind
  24. elan
    • Part Of speech: noun
    • DEFINITION: A vigorous spirit; a great energy, style, or enthusiasm
    • SENTENCE: Diego was so filled with elan when he reached the top of the enormous mountain that he tried to run with his backpack on, tripped, and had to be air lifted out of the national park with a sprained ankle.
    • SYNONYMS: animation, flair, panache
    • ANTONYMS: apathy, lethargy
  25. didactic
    • Part Of speech: adjective
    • DEFINITION: Designed or intended to teach and instruct, esp. overmuch; made to impart a moral lesson
    • SENTENCE: Most of the class loved George Orwell's "1984," but Julian found it heavy-handed and didactic, and thought that Orwell was just mad at government.
    • SYNONYMS: edifying, enlightening
    • ANTONYMS: uninstructive

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