LAB EXAM 1
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1. What is anatomical position?
2. Why is anatomical position used?
- a person stands erect with feet flat on the ground, toes pointing forward, and eyes facing forward
- the palms face anteriorly with the thumbs pointed away from the body
- 2. Globally used visual reference point
2. Parietal Serosa
3. Visceral Serosa
- 1. serous (watery) membrane, serous cavities contain a thin layer of serous fluid, this fluid is produced by both serous membranes
- fluid allows visceral organs to slide with little friction across the cavity walls
- 2. the part of a serosa that forms the outer wall of the cavity
- 3. inner wall, covers the visceral organs
Frontal (coronal) Plane
extends vertically and divides the body into anterior and posterior parts
Transverse (horizontal) Plane
- runs horizontally from right to left, dividing the body into superior and inferior parts
- a transverse section is called a cross section
1. Sagittal Planes
2. Median Plane or Midsaggital Plane
- 1. extends vertically, dividing the body into right and left parts
- 2. the specific sagittal plane that lies exactly in the midline
- 3. all other sagittal planes, offset from the midline
cuts made along any plane that lies diagonally between the horizontal and the vertical
between a more medial and lateral structure
Visceral organs (Viscera)
an internal organ of an animal
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