ch 4 vowels

Card Set Information

Author:
brianklein
ID:
284189
Filename:
ch 4 vowels
Updated:
2014-09-28 15:31:32
Tags:
back front
Folders:
no
Description:
back and front vowels
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  1. Height: high
    Advancement: front
    Lip Rounding: unrounded
    Tense/lax: tense
    /i/ ex: fleet, we, teacher, piece
  2. the tongue is raised in the vicinity of the ___ palate for /i/
    hard
  3. the highest and most fronted of all vowels and represents the extreme part of the vowel quadrilateral. It is referred to as on of the ____ vowels
    /i/, point
  4. All of the point vowels
    /i/, /u/, /a/, and /æ/
  5. during the production of /i/, the mandible is ____, because the ____ is in a high position
    raised, tongue
  6. Height: high (lower than /i/)
    Advancement: front
    Lip Rounding: unrounded
    Tense/lax: lax
    /I/ ex: flit, whittle, inside, prince
  7. a vowel is perceived as having an "r" quality or "r-coloring"
    rhotacization
  8. _ colored vowels such as /I/ + /r/ possess an auditory quality known as rhotacization
    r-colored vowels or rhotic diphthong
  9. Height: high-mid
    Advancement: front
    Lip Rounding: unrounded
    Tense/lax: tense
    • /e/ ex: chaotic, gyrate, phonate, mandate
    • /eI/ ex: away, toupee, create, table, braid
  10. /eI/ is an ____ of /e/
    allophone
  11. /eI/ occurs in ____ syllables and at the ___ of words (regardless of stress)
    stressed, ends
  12. The diphthongal allophone is comprised of the onglide /e/ plus the offglide /I/
    /eI/
  13. /e/ generally occurs in ____ syllables
    unstressed
  14. Height: low-mid
    Advancement: front
    Lip Rounding: unrounded
    Tense/lax: lax
    /ɛ/ (epsilon) ex: met, steady, pretend, relish
  15. the vowel of /ɛ often occurs before the consonant ___
    /r/
  16. /ɛr/ is another example of an
    r-colored vowel, or rhotic diphthong
  17. Height: low
    Advancement: front
    Lip rounding: unrounded
    Tense/lax: lax
    /æ/ (ash) ex: trash, thank, jazz, stand, alabama
  18. /æ/ is the ____ of the five front vowels and is one of the four ___ vowels
    lowest, point
  19. the size of the oropharynx is ____ for /æ/ because the tongue body is in an inferior and posterior position
    small
  20. no monosyllables end in ____
    /æ/
  21. Front vowels:
    /i/, /I/, /e/, /eI/, /ɛ/, /æ/
  22. Back Vowels:
    /u/, /ʊ/, /o/, /oʊ/, /ɔ/, /ɑ/
  23. Height: hight
    Advancement: back
    Lip rounding: rounded
    Tense/lax: tense
    /u/ ex: chew, futile, Truman, clue
  24. /u/ and /i/ are the two ____ vowels in English
    highest
  25. all of the back vowels are approximate _____ images of their front vowel counterparts in terms of ____
    mirror, height
  26. because of its extremely high back tongue position, /u/ is considered to be a ______, or corner vowel
    point
  27. /u/ is a ____ vowel, it is found at the ___ of one-syllable words like in through, you, and true
    tense, end
  28. Height: hight (lower than /u/)
    Advancement: back
    Lip rounding: rounded
    Tense/lax: lax
    /ʊ/ (upsilon) ex: could, should, full, stood
  29. open syllables dont end in ____ vowels
    lax
  30. /ʊ/ + /r/ is considered a
    r-colored vowel
  31. when the allograph "oo" is followed by /l/ (as in pool, cool, fool, and tool) the resulting pronunciation may be either ____ or ____ depending on the dialect
    /ʊ/ or /u/
  32. Height: hight-mid
    Advancement: back
    Lip rounding: rounded
    Tense/lax: tense
    • /o/ ex: bodacious, riboflavin, croatian, rotation
    • /oʊ/ ex: cone, bowl, stoic, slower
  33. /oʊ/ is an allophone of ____, because the syllables are either _____ or at the ____ of a word
    /o/, stresses, end
  34. in beLOW vs BELLow one is stressed and the other is not. However both are transcribed as /oʊ/ because this sound ____ both words
    ends
  35. Height: low-mid
    Advancement: back
    Lip rounding: rounded
    Tense/lax: tense
    /ɔ/ (open o) ex: prawn, awl, all, thought, frog
  36. Height: low
    Advancement: back
    Lip rounding: unrounded
    Tense/lax: tense
    /ɑ/ ex: rotten, father, bond, stop
  37. /ɑ/ is a ____ vowel due to the tongue's extremely ___ back articulation position
    point, low
  38. /ɑ/ + /r/ form the ________ vowel /ɑr/
    r-colored. ex: bark, art

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