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Pregnancy weight gain recommendations) what is considered as underweight?
Less than 18.5 kg/m2
Pregnancy weight gain recommendations) what is the recommended weight gain for underweight?
Pregnancy weight gain recommendations) what is normal weight considered?
18.5- 24.9 kg/m2
Pregnancy weight gain recommendations) what is the recommended weight gain for normal weight ?
Pregnancy weight gain recommendations) what is considered overweight?
25- 29.9 KG/M2
Pregnancy weight gain recommendations) how much weight should overweight women gain?
Pregnancy weight gain recommendations) how much weight are obese women recommended in gaining?
Pregnancy weight gain recommendations) how much weight should twin pregnancy gain?
Pregnancy weight gain recommendations) weight gain ranges- who should gain at the upper end of the range? (3)
-women who are at the low end of the pre-pregnancy weight range
-very tall women of normal weight
Pregnancy weight gain recommendations) weight gain ranges- who should gain at the low end of th range? (2)
-women whose weight is at higher end of pre-pregnancy weight range
Does adequate weight gain guarantee a healthy sized baby?
No, there are other factors that can affect the size of baby
- -length of gestation
- -maternal health status
- -gravida and parity
Underweight and normal weight women) risk of preterm delivery ad SGA newborns doubles if... (2)
-rate of gain is less than .5 per week in second half of pregnancy
-rate of gain is less than .75 per week in 3rd trimester
Overweight and obese women ) risk of preterm delivery and SGA newborns doubles if...
rate of gain is less than .5 per week in 3rd trimester
Underweight and normal weight women) does gaining more than 1.5 pounds per week add to the birth weight?
No it does not
How many pounds is recommended during the first trimester?
Underweight and normal weight women) at which rate is recommended to gain after the first trimester?
1 pounds per week
Composition of weight gain) how much of the weight does the fetus account for?
3 reasons postpartum weight retention is experienced?
-excessively high weight gain during pregnancy
-weight gain after delivery
-low activity levels
Weight loss following pregnancy) weight retention tends to be _______ ampong women that breastfed
DRI) how many calories should women consume more a day when they are in 2nd trimester?
DRI) how many calories per day should a women consume more during 3rd trimester?
Carbs intake) what percent of calories should come from carbs?
Carbs intake) what should be the minimum intake for carbs per day to meet fetal brains needs for glucose
Protein intake) how many additional grams should be consume per day?
Fat intake) what are the 2 essential fatty acids?
DHA and EPA
Fat intake) 4 benefits that babies have when mother consumed essential fatty acids
-more mature CNS functioning
-decreases risk of preterm delivery
Fat intake) how many miligrams of EPA AND DHA should they consume?
Fat intake) which 3 foods can you find essential fatty acids?
Fish intake) how many oz of fish does FDA recommend that women should eat ?
Less than 12 oz of fish that are lower in mercury
Fish intake) what are 5 most common foods that are. Low in mercury
-canned light tune
Fish intake) which are the 4 fishes that women should not eat due to high levels of mercury?
Fish intake) how many oz of fish should you eat if eating from locate waters?
No more than 6 ozs
Veggie diets) which 6 nutrients are these diets usually low in?
-omega 3 fatty acids
What is folate involved in? (4)
-synthesis of DNA
-critical in conversion of homocysteine to the methione
Deficiency in folate leads to (3)
-Abnormal cell division and tissue formation
-methionine shortage at a crucial stage in fetal development
-high levels of homocysteine will increase chances of risk rupture of placenta, still birth, preterm delivery, pre-eclampsia, LBW, structural abnormalities
What are the 3 major types of congenital abnormalities?
Folate and congenital abnormalities) 3 major types- spina bifida
-spinal cord fails to close which leaves a gap where spinal fluid collect during pregnancy
Folate and congenital abnormalities) 3 major types- acencephaly
Absence of brain or spinal cord
Folate and congenital abnormalities) 3 major types- encephalocele
Profusion of brain through skull
What's RDA for folate?
600 mcg DFE/day
What are upper limits of folate when it is in fortified foods and folic acid supplements?
-1000 mcg fortified foods and folic acids supplements
Is there an upper limit when folate is in its natural form?
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