1050: wk2 PPT2 for Exam 1

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Author:
xiongav
ID:
284294
Filename:
1050: wk2 PPT2 for Exam 1
Updated:
2014-09-28 17:59:29
Tags:
NURS
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Description:
Age, Culture, & Gender
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  1. Children: Absorption.

    Affected by? (5)
    • 1) Age
    • 2) disease process
    • 3) dosage form
    • 4) route
    • 5) substances (food, other drugs)
  2. Children: Distribution.

    Affected by? (3)
    • 1) More water than fat
    • 2) immature liver function.
    • 3) immature BBB
  3. Children: Metabolism.

    Affected by? (1)
    immature liver
  4. Children: Excretion.

    Affected by? (1)
    immature renal system.
  5. Children.

    Why are adverse effects often more severe & more likely to occur?
    immature body systems.
  6. Are med errors more dangerous in children or older adults?
    Children. They have IMMATURE body systems.
  7. Older adults/Geriatrics: Absorption.

    Are disease process more likely or age-related changes more likely to alter absorption?
    Disease processes
  8. Older adults/Geriatrics: Distribution.

    Affected by? (8)
    • 1) Changes in body wt.
    • 2) Poor nutrition.
    • 3) dehydration
    • 4) inactivity
    • 5) extended bed rest
    • 6) More fat than muscle and decreased body water
    • 7) low protein = at risk for adverse effects
    • 8) BBB efficiency declines
  9. Older adults/geriatrics: Metabolism.

    Affected by?
    Liver's efficiency of metabolism decline w/ age.
  10. Older adults/geriatrics: Excretion.

    Affected by? (1)
    Renal efficiency declines.
  11. What are the main barriers (2) to health care for diversity?
    Language and economics.
  12. Differences in ethnicities and genetics.

    Black Americans
    Chinese Americans
    Mexican Americans
    • B: less responsive to beta blockers
    • C: different metab. of beta blockers, anti-depressants, & analgesics.
    • M: Need lower dose of antidepressants due to variations in metab.
  13. Why do IM drugs peak faster in men than in women?
    Men have more vascular muscles.

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