Chapter 10 Quiz 1

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Chapter 10 Quiz 1
2014-09-28 18:49:47
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Chapter 10 Quiz 1
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  1. 1. The Renaissance in Italy
       A. the Italian states thrived because of ____ trade; wealth allowed for patronage which lead to cultural Renaissance.
       B. Renaissance-transition from Medieval to ____ times.
    • Eurasian
    • Modern
  2. B. Renaissance
       1. Middle Ages - fragmented ____ society with agricultural economy; ____ dominated thought and culture.
       2. Renaissance was charachterized by a growing ____ consciousness, an urban economy based on organized ____ and capitalism and there was a movement towards secular thought and culture.
       3. Two events sparked the Renaissance
           a. death of Petrarch - the father of ____ and the death of Boccaccio; thereafter civic humanism spread throughout Italy and into ____ Europe.
    • feudal
    • Church
    • national
    • commerce
    • humanism
    • northern
  3. C. The Italian city-state
       1. geography - natural ____ between east and west.
          a. ____ rich cities became powerful city-states that dominated political and economic life.
       2. growth of city-states
          a. propapal and proimperial forces fought and weakened each other allowing for ____ to dominate the state.
          b. 5 major states - Dutch of Milan, Republic of Florence, Venice, the Papal states, and Kingdom of Naples.
       3. Social Class and conflict
          a. "grandi"-old rich; ____ and nobles
          b. "popolo grosso"-____ rich; capitalists and bankers
          c. middle-burgher; guild masters, shop owners and pros
          d. "popolo minuto" - ____
            1. Ciompi Revolt - uprising of the poor fueled by the feuding between old rich and new rich, the ____, and the collapse of the great banking houses- Bandi and Peruzzi
       4. despotism and diplomacy - to ____ internal social conflict and foriegn intrigue from paralyzing the cities, dominat groups hired ____ or despots known as podesta to maintain law and order and allow buisness to flourish
          a. operated through ____  armies known as condottieri
          b. led to the ____ of diplomacy - vreated embassies and had ambassadors.
    • gateway
    • trade
    • oligarchies
    • merchants
    • new
    • lower class
    • black death
    • prevent
    • strongmen
    • mercenary
    • art
  4. D. Humanism-the study of the Latin and ____ classics and of the ancient Church fathers for its own sake and to ____ norms and values
       1. advocated studia humanitatis - liberal arts program of study
          a. the byzantine scholar Manuel Chrysolaras opened up the world of Greek scholarship to Italien humanists by teaching in Florence. ____ coined the term humanitas
          b. this revival in culture was more ____ , had broader interests, had more reference material, and the people involved had far superior technical skills than earlier rebirths.
         c. these intellectuals connected classical and modern thought to end the ____.
       2. Great Humanists
          a. Petrarch - father of humanism; lived around Avignon; wrote Letters to the Ancient Dead, Africa, and lives of Illustrious Men.
          b. ____ - wrote Vita Nuovo and Divine Comedy; along with Petrarch formed the cornerstone of vernacular literature.
          c. Giovanni Boccaccio - wrote Decameron and assembled Greek and Roman ____
    • Greek
    • revive
    • Leonardo Bruni
    • secular
    • Dark Ages
    • Dante Alighieri
    • mythologies