Sociology

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Mazie
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284379
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Sociology
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2014-09-29 15:35:09
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test 1
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  1. The concept of sociological imagination is advanced by C. Wright Mills. T    F
    T
  2. The term sociology is proposed/coined by Charles Cooley.  T    F
    F
  3. According to Erving Goffman’s dramaturgical metaphor, our daily behaviors are similar to those of actors/actresses. T    F
    T
  4. Emile Durkheim argues that the meanings of collective representations, under many circumstances, are vague. Accordingly, the only way for people to define the boundary of collective representations is through the practice of punishing “antisocial” behaviors. T    F
    F
  5. In sociology, the philosophy of positivism (i.e., empiricism) is first developed by Auguste Comte. T    F
    T
  6. W. E. Dubois, one of the most influential American sociologists in the early 20th century, contributes greatly to the field of racial inequality. T    F 
    T
  7. Erving Goffman generally is considered by modern sociologists as the father of sociology. T    F
    F
  8. Symbolic interactionism is pioneered by Max Weber. T    F
    T
  9. The two notions definition of situation and meaning attachment are utilized by structural functionalists to analyze social phenomena. T    F 
    F
  10. W. E. Dubois is a functionalist. T    F 
    F
  11. For symbolic interactionists, some of the core features of a society include consensus, cooperation, balance, stability, interdependence, and interconnection. T    F
    F
  12. Feminist Sociologists usually are supporters of conflict theory. T    F 
    T
  13. The concept of ruling elites is proposed by Ralf Dahrendorf.  T    F 
    F
  14. By arguing that the society as a whole is similar to human body, Auguste Comte, Herbert Spencer, and Emile Durkheim point out that the society is an organism. Such an argument, to a considerable extent, inspired some American sociologists to propose structural functionalism in the 1950s. T    F 
    T
  15. Both Karl Marx and Ralf Dahrendorf contend that we should not consider the society as an equal and harmonious entity. Instead, the society is made up of two different classes, namely, dominant/ruling and subordinate/powerless classes.  T    F
    T
  16. Sociologically, there is a historical connection between dramaturgical analysis and conflict theory. T    F
    F
  17. Sociologically, there is a historical linkage between systematic analysis and symbolic interactionism. T    F 
    F
  18. Social change is one of the central ideas of functionalism. T    F 
    F
  19. According to symbolic interactionism, our self image is socially constructed. T    F
    T
  20. In dramaturgy terms, classroom is a backstage. T    F 
    F
  21. Both Chicago and Iowa schools are branches of symbolic interactionism. T    F 
    T
  22. Georg Simmel is a conflict theorist-cum-symbolic interactionist. T    F   
    T
  23. The first sociologist who studied suicide systematically is __________. 
    a.  Herbert Spencer
    b.  Karl Marx
    c.  Harriet Martineau
    d.  Emile Durkheim
    e.  C. W. Mills
    D
  24. Sociologically, there is a close linkage between the Chicago school and ________. 
    a.  functionalism
    b.  conflict theory
    c.  symbolic interactionism
    d.  social exchange they
    e.  all of the above 
    C
  25. Which of the following focuses on micro issues and stresses that human actions are not random? 
    a.  structural functionalism
    b.  conflict theory
    c.  symbolic interactionism
    d.  chaotic theory
    e.  phenomenology
    C
  26. Who proposes the concept looking-glass self? 
    a.  Robert Merton
    b.  Herbert Spencer
    c.  Ralf Dahrendorf
    d.  Talcott Parsons
    e.  Charles Cooley
    E
  27. ________’s theory focuses on the analysis of unequal distribution of authority/power.
    a.  Ralf Dahrendorf
    b.  Karl Marx
    c.  C. W. Mills
    d.  Max Weber
    E.  Lewis Coser
    A
  28. Which one in the following is NOT a functionalist/organic advocate? 
    a.  Talcott Parsons
    b.  Robert Merton
    c.  Emile Durkheim
    d.  Ralf Dahrendorf
    e.  Herbert Spencer
    D
  29. Which statement in the following is incorrect? 
    a. functionalists stress that one of the central  features of society is interconnection 
    b. Karl Marx advocates that to change the unequal  class structure of the capitalist societies, the  subordinate class must initiate and/or participate in social revolutions 
    c. Karl Marx argues that the main reason that the exploited workers did not launch revolutions in the capitalist societies is that the workers had false consciousness 
    d. historically, there is a intellectually connection between functionalism and biological analogy 
    e. both functionalism and symbolic   interactionism emphasize that human society   will exhibit certain characteristics, like   consensus and cooperation     
    E
  30. A good theory should be ________. 
    a. valid
    b. reliable
    c. tautological
    d. a and b 
    e. a, b, and c
    D
  31. According to structural functionalism, subsystems sometimes will contribute something unexpected to the whole system. Such a contribution is called ________ function. 
    a.  latent
    b.  positive
    c.  manifest
    d.  negative
    e.  unwanted
    A
  32. Which of the following contributes greatly to the subject of social change in sociology? 
    a.  Robert Merton
    b.  George Mead
    c.  Charles Cooley
    d.  Karl Marx
    e.  Max Weber
    D
  33. Which of the following is NOT a research focus of symbolic interactionism? 
    a.  the meanings of signs
    b.  causes of natural disasters
    c.  the meanings of symbols
    d.  the meanings of gestures
    e.  the meanings of body movements
    B
  34. According to dramaturgical metaphor, ________ will undermine the interaction between social members. 
    a.  discrediting information
    b.  impression management
    c.  competition of resource
    d.  physical appearance
    e.  geographic location
    A
  35. Which issue in the following is a core question for symbolic interactionists? 
    a. How a society is dichotomized?
    b. How a society is divided?
    c. How a society is integrated?
    d. How a society is experienced?
    e. How a society is managed? 
    D
  36. According to T. Parsons= AGIL model, the task of goal attainment will be assigned to ________. 
    a.  family
    b.  law enforcement authority
    c.  the church
    d.  the government
    e.  transnational corporation
    D
  37. ________ argues that humans will use three methods (religious, metaphysical, and scientific) to develop or accumulate knowledge. 
    a.  Herbert Spencer
    b.  Emile Durkheim
    c.  Auguste Comte
    d.  Thomas Hobbes
    e.  Harriet Martineau
    C
  38. Which of the following contributes greatly to social reform/social work? 
    a.  Jane Addams
    b.  George Mead
    c.  Charles Cooley
    d.  Karl Marx
    e.  Max Weber
    A
  39. Which of the following contributes greatly to the development of symbolic interactionism? 
    a. the Harvard school
    b. the Johns Hopkins school
    c. the Chicago school
    d. the Yale school
    e. the Princeton school 
    C
  40. Which of the following is a moral enterprise? 
    a. animal rights movement
    b. gay rights movement
    c. anti-abortion movement
    d. gun control movement
    e. all of the above
    E

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