Different types of atoms that bind to create substances
Identical atoms that bind to create substances (the periodic table lists the basic elements)
Define: Inorganic compounds
Comprised of molecules that do not contain carbon atoms (inorganic compounds found in the body cells and tissues are water, salt, acids, and bases.)
Define: Organic Compounds
Comprised of molecules that do contain carbon and generally contain hydrogen as well (true building blocks of the cell. Examples include, Carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids.)
Charged particle of matter (positively or negatively charged)
Compound containing charged particles (ions) that conducts an electrical current.
Electrolyte compound that releases hydrogen ions (H+) when dissolved in water; a compound with a pH below 7.
Substance whose molecule or ion is capable of combining with a proton (hydrogen ion) to form a new substance; alkaline; substance having a high number of hydroxide ions (OH-) and with a pH above 7.
The simplest sugar used and stored by the body. It serves as the richest source of energy for cellular activities.
Molecular compound containing a mixture of hydrogen, carbon, and oxygen atoms; breaks down into the simple sugar glucose, which is used by the body to produce energy.
Group of organic compounds made of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms. Occurring in different ratios and arrangements. The body uses it form important cellular structures as well as hormones.
Organic molecule made of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen; breaks into amino acids.
Serve as the building blocks for structural framework of all cells and tissues.
Define: Amino acids
Molecular building block of protein.
Define: Nucleic acids
Very large complex molecules that differ from proteins due to the presence of phosphorus in addition to the carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen atoms. Found in the nucleus of the cells (DNA and RNA)