AVA 172 - 228

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AVA 172 - 228
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AVA 172 - 228
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  1. 172 En un mapa meteorológico y en una carta de vuelo, un frente ocluido se representa por?



    Una linea de color púrpura, triángulos y semicirculos colocados sobre éste.



    Una linea azul y triángulos alternos colocados a lo largo de éste.



    Una línea de color rojo y semicirculos colocados a lo largo de éste.
    A
  2. 173 En el tropico el mayor peligro para una aeronave en vuelo cerca o dentro de una CB es?



    Los rayos y el granizo.



    La turbulencia.



    La mala visibilidad.
    B
  3. 174 What conclusion(s) can be drawn from a 500 millibar Constant Pressure Chart for a planned flight at FL
    180?



    Winds aloft at FL 180 generally flow across the height contours.



    Observed temperature, wind, and temperature/dew point spread along the proposed route can be

    approximated.



    Upper highs, lows, troughs, and ridges will be depicted by the use of lines of equal pressure.
    B
  4. 175 (Refer to Figure 4) What is the height of the tropopause over Kentucky?



    FL390.



    FL300 sloping to FL 400 feet MSL.



    FL340.
    C
  5. 176 Which meteorological conditions are depicted by prognostic chart?



    Conditions existing at the time of the observation.



    Interpretation of weather conditions for geographical areas between reporting stations.



    Conditions forecast to exist at a specific time shown on the chart.
    C
  6. 177 (Refer to figure 5, SFC-PROG.) The chart symbols shown in the Gulf of Mexico at 12Z and extending
    into AL, GA, SC and northern FL indicate a



    Tropical storm.



    Hurricane.



    Tornado originating in the Gulf of Mexico.
    A
  7. 178 What flight planning information can a pilot derive from constant pressure charts?



    Clear air turbulence and icing conditions.



    Levels of widespread cloud coverage.



    Winds and temperatures aloft.
    C
  8. 179 (Refer to figure 4.) What is the maximum wind velocity forecast in the jet stream shown on the high
    level Significant Weather Prognostic Chart over Canada?



    80.



    103.



    130.
    C
  9. 180 A prognostic chart depicts the conditions





    a. Existing at the surface during the past 6 hours.



    Which presently exist exist from the 1.000-milibar through the 700-milibar level.



    Forecast to exist at a specific time in the future.
    C
  10. 181 (Refer to figure 6.) What is the meaning of the symbol depicted as used on the U.S. Low-Level
    Significant Weather Prog Chart?



    Showery precipitation (e.g. rain showers) embedded in an area of continuous rain covering half or more
    of the area.



    Continuous precipitation (e.g. rain showers) covering half or more of the area.



    Showery precipitation (e.g. thunderstorms/rain showers) covering half or more of the area.


    A
  11. (Refer to figure 5, SFC-400MB.) The U.S. Low Level Significant Weather Surface Prog Chart at 00Z
    indicates that northwestern Colorado and eastern Utah can expect



    Moderate or greater turbulence from the surface to FL 240.



    Moderate or greater turbulence above FL 240.



    No turbulence is indicated.

    A
  12. 183 (Refer to figure 7.) What weather conditions are depicted within the area indicated by arrow E?



    Occasional cumulonimbus, 1/8 to 4/8 coverage, bases below 24.000 feet MSL, and tops at 40.000 feet
    MSL.



    Frequent embedded thunderstorms, less than 1/8 coverage, and tops at FL370.



    Frequent lighting in thunderstorms at FL370.
    A
  13. 184 (Refer to figure 7.) What weather conditions are depicted within the area indicated by arrow D?



    Forecast isolated thunderstorm, tops at FL 440, more than 1/8 coverage.



    Existing isolated cumulonimbus clouds, tops above 43.000 feet with less than 1/8 coverage.



    Forecast isolated embedded cumulonimbus clouds with tops at 43.000 feet MSL, and less than 1/8

    coverage.
    C
  14. 185 (Refer to figure 7.) What weather conditions are predicted within the area indicated by arrow C?



    Light turbulence at FL 370 within the area outlined by dashes.



    Moderate turbulence at 32.000 feet MSL.



    Moderate to sever CAT has been reported at FL 320.
    B
  15. 186 (Refer to figure 7.) What information in indicated by arrow A?



    The height of the tropopause in meters above sea level.



    The height of the existing layer of CAT.



    The height of the tropopause in hundreds of feet above MSL.
    C
  16. 187 (Refer to figure 7.) What weather conditions are depicted within the area indicated by arrow F?



    1/8 to 4/8 coverage, occasional embedded thunderstorms, maximum tops at 51.000 feet MSL.



    Occasionally embedded cumulonimbus, bases below 24.000 feet with tops to 48.000 feet.



    2/8 to 6/8 coverage, occasional embedded thunderstorms, tops at FL 540.
    B
  17. 188 A ceiling is defined as the height of the



    Highest layer of clouds or obscuring phenomena aloft that covers over 6/10 of the sky.



    Lowest layer of clouds that contributed to the overall overcast.



    Lowest layer of clouds or obscuring phenomena aloft that is reported as broken or overcast.
    C
  18. 189 What significant sky condition is reported in this METAR observation? METAR KBNA 1250Z 33018KT
    290V360 1/2SM R31/2700FT +SNBLSNFG VV0008 00/M03 A2991RMK RERAE42SNB42



    Runway 31 ceiling is 2700 feet.



    Sky is obscured with vertical visibility of 800 feet.



    Measured ceiling is 300 feet overcast.
    B
  19. 190 The body of a Terminal Aerodrome Forecast (TAF) covers a geographical proximity within a



    5 nautical mile radius of the center of an airport.



    5 statute mile radius from the center of an airport runway complex.



    5 to 10 statute mile radius from the center of an airport runway complex.
    B
  20. 191 Which primary source should be used to obtain forecast weather information at your destination for the
    planned ETA?



    Area Forecast.



    Radar Summary and Weather Depiction Charts.



    Terminal Aerodrome Forecast (TAF).
    C
  21. 192 A “VRB” wind entry in a Terminal Aerodrome Forecast (TAF) will be indicated when the wind is



    3 knots or less.



    6 knots or less.



    9 knots or less.
    A
  22. 193 When the visibility is greater than 6 SM on a TAF it is expressed as



    6PSM.



    P6SM.



    6SMP.
    B
  23. 194 What is the forecast wind at 1800z in the following TAF? KMEM 091740Z 1818 00000KT 1/2SM RAFG
    OVC005=



    Calm.



    Unknown.



    Not recorded.
    A
  24. 195 From which primary source should you obtain information regarding the weather expected to exist at
    your destination at your estimated time of arrival?



    Weather Depiction Chart.



    Radar Summary and Weather Depiction Chart.



    Terminal Aerodrome Forecast.
    C
  25. 196 Which is true regarding the use of airborne weather-avoidance radar for the recognition of certain
    weather conditions?



    The radarscope provides no assurance of avoiding instrument weather conditions.



    The avoidance of hail is assured when flying between and just clear of the most intense echoes.



    The clear area between intense echoes indicates that visual sighting of storms can be maintained when

    flying between the echoes.
    A
  26. 197 When is the wind-group at one of the forecast altitudes omitted at a specific location or station in the
    Winds and Temperature ALOFT Forecast (FD)? When the wind



    Is less 5 knots.



    Is less 10 knots.



    At the altitude is within 1.500 feet of the station elevation.
    C
  27. 198 When are severe weather watch bulletins (WW) issued?



    Every 12 hours as required.



    Every 24 hours as required.



    Unscheduled and issued as required.
    C
  28. 199 SIGMETs are issued as a warning of weather conditions potentially hazardous.



    particularly to light aircraft.



    to all aircraft.



    only to light aircraft operations.
    B
  29. 200 A pilot planning to depart at 1100z on an IFR flight is particularly concerned about the hazard of icing.
    What sources reflect the most accurate information on icing conditions (current and forecast) at the
    time of departure?



    Low-level Significant Weather Prognostic Chart, and the Area Forecast.



    The Area Forecast, and the Freezing Level Chart.



    Pilot weather reports (PIREPs), AIRMETs, and SIGMETs
    C
  30. 201 Cual es la cantidad de octas de nubes cuando se reporta BKN?



    De 3 a 5.



    De 5 a 7.



    De 1 a 2.
    B
  31. 202 Una expresión “Aproximación Visual”:



    La puede solicitar el piloto o ser iniciada por el controlador



    La ordena el controlador



    Cancelo plan instrumentos, continuo plan visual
    A
  32. 203 Una autorización de salida en plan IFR debe contener en su orden:



    Limite, Vía, Mantenga y Restricciones



    Vía, Mantenga, Limite y Restricciones



    Restricciones, Limite, Mantenga, Vía
    B
  33. 204 La respuesta radar de un respondedor en MODO 3/A código 2000 es:



    Vuelo militar en misión especial



    Vuelo VFR en Colombia



    Solicito asignación de código
    C
  34. 205 Una aeronave llegando a Cali con FL240 y estima el VOR de CLO a las 22:20, recibe la siguente
    autorización: "Autorizado al VOR de CLO, descienda y mantenga 15,000 FT, hora prevista de
    aproximación 22:35", al tener una falla de comunicación....



    Inciar el descenso sobre el VOR de CLO a las 22:35 desde FL240 siempre y cuando haya colacionado
    la autorización.



    Inciar el descenso sobre el VOR de CLO a las 22:35 desde 15000 FT siempre y cuando haya
    colacionado la autorización.



    Inciar el descenso sobre el VOR de CLO a las 22:20 desde FL240 siempre y cuando haya colacionado
    la autorización.
    A
  35. 206 En la fraseología normalizada, en la autorización a la espera en un fijo no debe faltar:



    tiempo de alejamiento y EAT



    Tiempo de alejamiento y ETA



    Nombre de radioayuda y EAT
    B
  36. 207 Si estamos volando en espacio aéreo Clase A, esperamos:



    Autorizaciones para IFR



    Autorizaciones IFR e información VFR



    Información de aeronaves en VFR
    A
  37. 208 En el contenido de una autorización IFR debemos colacionar:



    Solo los SID ́s, niveles y restricciones



    Con decir RECIBIDO es suficiente



    Toda la autorización
    C
  38. 209 Bajo que situación un piloto puede cambiar su plan de vuelo IFR a VFR





    a. Cuando lo solicite el controlador









    Si esta volando en espacio aéreo Clase A



    Si esta volando en espacio aéreo Clase D
    C
  39. 210 De una aeronave secuestrada con flaps abajo después de aterrizar significa:



    Déjenme solo, no intervengan



    La situación esta desesperada



    Pueden subir, situación controlada
    B
  40. 211 Durante una aproximación por referencia visual, se espera que:



    El piloto asume la navegación pero la separación VFR/IFR la hace ATS



    El control ceda su responsabilidad al piloto por ser vuelo VFR



    El piloto es responsable de la separación con otros tránsitos IFR y VFR
    A
  41. 212 what designed airspace associated with an airport becomes inactive when the tower at that airport is
    not in operation?



    Class D, which then becomes Class C.



    Class D, which then becomes Class E.



    Class B.
    B
  42. 213 En el espacio aéreo CTR se:



    Organiza el tránsito en el círculo de aeródromo



    Establecen secuencias de aproximación por instrumentos



    Provee separación de aeronaves en ruta
    B
  43. 214 La máxima velocidad de una aeronave categoría A en un circulo de espera a 12.000 es:(OACI)



    170 Kts



    230 kts



    240 kts
    B
  44. 215 En una aproximación IFR, se llama FAF al punto donde una aeronave:



    Inicia la aproximación intermedia



    Esta alineada con la pista para aterrizar



    Efectúa la espera en fijo primario
    B
  45. 216 Si un vuelo IFR nocturno se realiza en una FIR, será un vuelo:



    NO controlado



    Controlado como todo IFR



    Controlado si las condiciones son IMC
    A
  46. 217 Si una aeronave militar intercepta una aeronave civil en vuelo y le hace la siguiente señal: Baja tren de
    aterrizaje y mantiene luces de aterrizaje encendidos, esto significa:



    Sígame



    Prosiga



    Aterrice aquí
    C
  47. 218 Un piloto esta en la obligación de notificar a los servicios ATS respecto a la hora estimada a un punto
    de notificación, cuando exista una diferencia del que aparece en el plan de vuelo actualizado de
    (minutos):

    a. 1
    b. 2
    c. 3
    C
  48. 219 Una aeronave aproximando a Bogota con 170000 FT y estimando el VOR de BOG a las 09:32 UTC,
    recibe la siguente autorización: "Autorizado al VOR de BOG, descienda y mantenga 13000 FT, hora
    prevista de aproximación 09:55", luego sufre falla de comunicación


    Inciar el descenso sobre el VOR de BOG a las 09:55 desde 13000 FT siempre y cuando haya
    colacionado la autorización y esté IMC.



    Iniciar descenso y aproximación tan pronto como se le presente la falla.



    Aterrizar en el aeródromo adecuado mas cercano si esta en condiciones VMC.
    A
  49. 220 Vat is defined as speed at threshold based on 1.3 times stall speed in the landing configuration as:



    Maximum certificated landing mass



    Minimum certificated landing mass



    Maximum certificated takeoff mass
    A
  50. 221 La prioridad máxima de aterrizaje para aeronaves es?



    Aeronaves VIP1.



    Aeronaves ambulancia.



    Aeronaves en emergencia.
    C
  51. 222 What is the maximum indicated airspeed allowed in the airspace underlyning Class B airspace?



    156 Knots.



    200 Knots.



    230 Knots.
    B
  52. 223 Straight departure is one in which the initial departure track is within:



    5° of the alignment of the runway center line



    15° of the alignment of the runway center line



    25° of the alignment of the runway center line
    B
  53. 224 For IFR operations off established airways, ROUTE OF LIGHT portion of an IFR plane should list VOR
    navigational aids which are no more than



    40 miles apart



    70 miles apart



    80 miles apart
    C
  54. 225 The initial approach segments, commences at... and ends at...



    IF and FAF



    IAF and IF



    IF and OM
    B
  55. 226 Flight procedures for racetrack and reversal procedures are based on average achieved bank angle of:



    30° Bank angle



    25° Bank angle, or the bank angle giving a rate of turn of 3°/second, wichever is less.



    45° bank angle
    B
  56. 227 While maintaining a constant heading, a relative bearing of 15° doubles in 6 minutes. The time to the
    station being used is



    3 minutes



    6 minutes



    12 minutes
    B
  57. 228 The optimum Glide Path angle of an ILS is:



    4.0°



    3.0°



    1.5°
    B

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