AVA 400 - 455

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AVA 400 - 455
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AVA 400 - 455
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  1. 400 What is the relationship between centrifugal force and the horizontal lift component in a coordinated
    turn?



    Horizontal lift exceeds centrifugal force.



    Horizontal lift and centrifugal force are equal.



    Centrifugal force exceeds horizontal lift.
    B
  2. 401 When airspeed is increased in a turn, what must be done to maintain a constant altitude?



    Decrease the angle of bank



    Increase the angle of bank and/or decrease the angle of attack



    Decrease the angle of attack
    B
  3. 402 During standard-rate turns, which instrument is considered primary for bank?



    Heading indicator.



    Turn and slip indicator or turn coordinator.



    Attitude indicator.
    B
  4. 403 If a half-standard rate turn is maintained, how long would it take to turn 360°?



    1 minute.



    2 minutes.



    4 minutes.
    C
  5. 404 If a standard rate turn is maintained, how long would it take to turn 180°?



    1 minute



    2 minutes



    3 minutes
    A
  6. 405 If a half-standard rate turn is maintained, how much time would be required to turn clockwise from a
    heading of 090° to a heading of 180°?



    30 seconds



    1 minute



    1 minute 3 seconds
    B
  7. 406 During a constant-bank level turn, what effect would an increase in airspeed have on the rate and
    radius of turn?



    Rate of turn would increase, and radius of turn would increase.



    Rate of turn would decrease, and radius of turn would decrease.



    Rate of turn would decrease, and radius of turn would increase.
    C
  8. 407 If a standard rate turn is maintained, how much time would be required to turn to the right from a
    heading of 090° to a heading of 270°?



    1 minute.



    2 minutes.



    3 minutes.
    A
  9. 408 If a standard rate turn is maintained, how much time would be required to turn to the left from a heading
    of 090° to a heading of 300°?



    30 seconds.



    40 seconds.



    50 seconds.
    C
  10. 409 If a half-standard rate turn is maintained, how long would it take to turn 135°?



    1 minute.



    1 minute 20 seconds.



    1 minute 30 seconds.
    C
  11. 410 Rate of turn can be increased and radius of turn decreased by



    Decreasing airspeed and shallowing the bank.



    Decreasing airspeed and increasing the bank.



    Increasing airspeed and increasing the bank.
    B
  12. 411 The displacement of a turn coordinator during a coordinated turn will



    Indicate the angle of bank.



    Remain constant for a given bank regardless of airspeed.



    Increase as angle of bank increases.
    C
  13. 412 (Refer to Figure 8.) What changes in control displacement should be made so that “2” would result in a
    coordinated standard rate turn?



    Increase left rudder and increase rate of turn.



    Increase left rudder and decrease rate of turn.



    Decrease left rudder and decrease angle of bank.
    A
  14. 413 (Refer to Figure 8.) Which illustration indicates a coordinated turn?

    a. 3
    b. 1
    c. 2
    A
  15. 414 (Refer to Figure 8.) Which illustration indicates a skidding turn?

    a. 2
    b. 1
    c. 3
    B
  16. 415 (Refer to Figure 8.) What changes in control displacement should be made so that “1” would result in a
    coordinated standard rate turn?



    Increase right rudder and decrease rate of turn.



    Increase right rudder and increase rate of turn.



    Decrease right rudder and increase angle of bank.
    B
  17. 416 (Refer to Figure 8.) Which illustration indicates a slipping turn?

    a. 1
    b. 3
    c. 2
    C
  18. 417 What pretakeoff check should be made of a vacuum-driven heading indicator in preparation for an IFR
    flight?



    After 5 minutes, set the indicator to the magnetic heading of the aircraft and check for proper alignment
    after taxi turns.



    After 5 minutes, check that the heading indicator card aligns itself with the magnetic heading of the
    aircraft.



    Determine that the heading indicator does not precess more than 2° in 5 minutes of ground operation.
    A
  19. 418 On the taxi check, the magnetic compass should



    Swing opposite to the direction of turn when turning from north.



    Exhibit the same number of degrees of dip as the latitude.



    Swing freely and indicate known headings.
    C
  20. 419 What should be the indication on the magnetic compass as you roll into a standard rate turn to the left
    from an east heading in the Northern Hemisphere?

    a. The compass will initially indicate a turn to the right.




    The compass will remain on east for a short time, then gradually catch up to the magnetic heading of
    the aircraft.



    The compass will indicate the approximate correct magnetic heading if the roll into the turn is smooth.
    C
  21. 420 What should be the indication on the magnetic compass as you roll into a standard rate turn to the right
    from an easterly heading in the Northern Hemisphere?



    The compass will initially indicate a turn to the left.



    The compass will remain on east for a short time, then gradually catch up to the magnetic heading of

    the aircraft.



    The compass will indicate the approximate correct magnetic heading if the roll into the turn is smooth.
    C
  22. 421 What should be the indication on the magnetic compass as you roll into a standard rate turn to the right
    from a south heading in the Northern Hemisphere?



    The compass will indicate a turn to the right, but at a faster rate than is actually occurring.



    The compass will initially indicate a turn to the left.



    The compass will remain on south for a short time, then gradually catch up to the magnetic heading of

    the aircraft.
    A
  23. 422 On what headings will the magnetic compass read most accurately during a level 360° turn, with a bank
    of approximately 15°?



    135° through 225°.



    90° and 270°.



    180° and 0°.
    B
  24. 423 What causes the northerly turning error in a magnetic compass?



    Coriolis force at the mid-latitudes.



    Centrifugal force acting on the compass card.



    The magnetic dip characteristic.
    C
  25. 424 What should be the indication on the magnetic compass when you roll into a standard rate turn to the
    left from a south heading in the Northern Hemisphere?



    The compass will indicate a turn to the left, but at a faster rate than is actually occurring.



    The compass will initially indicate a turn to the right.



    The compass will remain on south for a short time, then gradually catch up to the magnetic heading of

    the aircraft.
    A
  26. 425 What should be the indication on the magnetic compass as you roll into a standard rate turn to the right
    from a westerly heading in the Northern Hemisphere?



    The compass will initially show a turn in the opposite direction, then turn to a northerly indication but
    lagging behind the actual heading of the aircraft.



    The compass will remain on a westerly heading for a short time, then gradually catch up to the actual
    heading of the aircraft.



    The compass will indicate the approximate correct magnetic heading if the roll into the turn is smooth.
    C
  27. 426 What should be the indication on the magnetic compass as you roll into a standard rate turn to the right
    from a northerly heading in the Northern Hemisphere?



    The compass will indicate a turn to the right, but at a faster rate than is actually occurring.



    The compass will initially indicate a turn to the left.



    The compass will remain on north for a short time, then gradually catch up to the magnetic heading of

    the aircraft.
    B
  28. 427 What should be the indication on the magnetic compass as you roll into a standard rate turn to the left
    from a west heading in the Northern Hemisphere?



    The compass will initially indicate a turn to the right.



    The compass will remain on west for a short time, then gradually catch up to th e magnetic heading of

    the aircraft.



    The compass will indicate the approximate correct magnetic heading if the roll into the turn is smooth.
    C
  29. 428 What should be the indication on the magnetic compass as you roll into a standard rate turn to the left
    from a north heading in the Northern Hemisphere?



    The compass will indicate a turn to the left, but at a faster rate than is actually occurring.



    The compass will initially indicate a turn to the right.



    The compass will remain on north for a short time, then gradually catch up to the magnetic heading of

    the aircraft.
    B
  30. 429 Which practical test should be made on the electric gyro instruments prior to starting an engine?



    Check that the electrical connections are secure on the back of the instruments.



    Check that the attitude of the miniature aircraft is wings level before turning on electrical power.



    Turn on the electrical power and listen for any unusual or irregular mechanical noise.
    C
  31. 430 En route at FL290, your altimeter is set correctly, but you fail to reset it to the local altimeter setting of
    30.26" Hg during descent. If the field elevation is 134 feet and your altimeter is functioning properly,
    what will it indicate after landing?



    100 feet MSL.



    474 feet MSL.



    206 feet below MSL.
    C
  32. 431 If both the ram air input and drain hole of the pitot system are blocked, what airspeed indication can be
    expected?



    No variation of indicated airspeed in level flight even if large power changes are made.



    Decrease of indicated airspeed during a climb.



    Constant indicated airspeed during a descent.
    A
  33. 432 If both the ram air input and the drain hole of the pitot system are blocked, what reaction should you
    observe on the airspeed indicator when power is applied and a climb is initiated out of severe icing
    conditions?



    The indicated airspeed would show a continuous deceleration while climbing.



    The airspeed would drop to, and remain at, zero.



    No change until an actual climb rate is established, then indicated airspeed will increase.
    C
  34. 433 What indication should a pilot observe if an airspeed indicator ram air input and drain hole are blocked?



    The airspeed indicator will react as an altimeter.



    The airspeed indicator will show a decrease with an increase in altitude.



    No airspeed indicator change will occur during climbs or descents.
    A
  35. 434 What would be the indication on the VSI during entry into a 500 FPM actual descent from level flight if
    the static ports were iced over?



    The indication would be in reverse of the actual rate of descent (500 FPM climb).



    The initial indication would be a climb, then descent at a rate in excess of 500 FPM.



    The VSI pointer would remain at zero regardless of the actual rate of descent.
    C
  36. 435 If, while in level flight, it becomes necessary to use an alternate source of static pressure vented inside
    the airplane, which of the following should the pilot expect?





    a. The altimeter and airspeed indicator to become inoperative.









    The gyroscopic instruments to become inoperative.



    The vertical speed to momentarily show a climb.
    C
  37. 436 During flight, if the pitot tube becomes clogged with ice, which of the following instruments would be
    affected?



    The airspeed indicator only.



    The airspeed indicator and the altimeter.



    The airspeed indicator, altimeter, and Vertical Speed Indicator.
    A
  38. 437 If while in level flight, it becomes necessary to use an alternate source of static pressure vented inside
    the airplane, which of the following variations in instrument indications should the pilot expect?



    The vertical speed to momentarily show a descent.



    The altimeter to read higher than normal.



    The vertical speed to show a climb.
    B
  39. 438 (Refer to Figure 9.) Identify the system that has failed and determine a corrective action to return the
    airplane to straight-and-level flight.



    Static/pitot system is blocked, lower the nose and level the wings to level-flight attitude by use of attitude
    indicator.



    Vacuum system has failed, reduce power, roll left to level wings, and pitchup to reduce airspeed.



    Electrical system has failed, reduce power, roll left to level wings, and raise the nose to reduce

    airspeed.
    A
  40. 439 (Refer to Figure 10.) What is the flight attitude? One instrument has malfunctioned.



    Climbing turn to the right.



    Climbing turn to the left.



    Descending turn to the right.
    A
  41. 440 (Refer to Figure 11.) What is the flight attitude? One system which transmits information to the
    instruments has malfunctioned.



    Level turn to the right.



    Level turn to the left.



    Straight-and-level flight.
    C
  42. 441 What is the correct sequence in which to use the three skills used in instrument flying?



    Aircraft control, cross-check, and instrument interpretation.



    Instrument interpretation, cross-check, and aircraft control.



    Cross-check, instrument interpretation, and aircraft control.
    C
  43. 442 What are the three fundamental skills involved in attitude instrument flying?



    Instrument interpretation, trim application, and aircraft control.



    Cross-check, instrument interpretation, and aircraft control.



    Cross-check, emphasis, and aircraft control.
    B
  44. 443 What is the third fundamental skill in attitude instrument flying?



    Instrument cross-check.



    Power control.



    Aircraft control.
    C
  45. 444 What is the first fundamental skill in attitude instrument flying?



    Aircraft control.



    Instrument cross-check.



    Instrument interpretation.
    B
  46. 445 What effect will a change in wind direction have upon maintaining a 3° glide slope at a constant true
    airspeed?



    When ground speed decreases, rate of descent must increase.



    When ground speed increases, rate of descent must increase.



    Rate of descent must be constant to remain on the glide slope.
    B
  47. 446 The rate of descent required to stay on the ILS glide slope



    Must be increased if the ground speed is decreased.



    Will remain constant if the indicated airspeed remains constant.



    Must be decreased if the ground speed is decreased.
    C
  48. 447 To remain on the ILS glidepath, the rate of descent must be



    Decreased if the airspeed is increased.



    Decreased if the ground speed is increased.



    Increased if the ground speed is increased.
    C
  49. 448 The rate of descent on the glide slope is dependent upon



    True airspeed.



    Calibrated airspeed.



    Ground speed.
    C
  50. 449 The glide slope and localizer are centered, but the airspeed is too fast. Which should be adjusted
    initially?



    Pitch and power.



    Power only.



    Pitch only.
    B
  51. 450 During a precision radar or ILS approach, the rate of descent required to remain on the glide slope will



    Remain the same regardless of ground speed.



    Increase as the ground speed increases.



    Decrease as the ground speed increases.
    B
  52. 451 The gyroscopic heading indicator is inoperative. What is the primary bank instrument in unaccelerated
    straight-and-level flight?



    Magnetic compass.



    Attitude indicator.



    Miniature aircraft of turn coordinator.
    A
  53. 452 What instruments are considered supporting bank instruments during a straight, stabilized climb at a
    constant rate?



    Attitude indicator and turn coordinator.



    Heading indicator and attitude indicator.



    Heading indicator and turn coordinator.
    A
  54. 453 What instruments are primary for pitch, bank, and power, respectively, when transitioning into a
    constant airspeed climb from straight-and-level flight?



    Attitude indicator, heading indicator, and manifold pressure gauge or tachometer.



    Attitude indicator for both pitch and bank airspeed indicator for power.



    Vertical speed, attitude indicator, and manifold pressure or tachometer.
    A
  55. 454 What is the primary bank instrument once a standard rate turn is established?



    Attitude indicator.



    Turn coordinator.



    Heading indicator.
    B
  56. 455 As power is increased to enter a 500 feet per minute rate of climb in straight flight, which instruments
    are primary for pitch, bank, and power respectively?



    Attitude indicator, heading indicator, and manifold pressure gauge or tachometer.



    VSI, attitude indicator, and airspeed indicator.



    Airspeed indicator, attitude indicator, and manifold pressure gauge or tachometer.
    A

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