K9 Definitions

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Kristenw
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284640
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K9 Definitions
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2014-12-08 19:52:34
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K9 definitions
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  1. Natural habitat of its causative agent such as soil or water. Cannot shed microorganisms
    Reservoir
  2. Reservoir-like, can clinically infect and shed microorganism that cause disease
    Carrier
  3. Can be any vertebrae, invertebrate, or inanimate object
    Source
  4. Spread of disease following intimate contact with a carrier, or source of infection.
    Contagious infection
  5. Ability to spread from infected to host
    Transmissibility
  6. Transmission between members of same population
    Horizontal transmission
  7. Transmission through generations
    Vertical transmission
  8. Direct physical contact or close contact between host and susceptible individuals
    Direct contract transmission
  9. Transmission involving transfer of infectious organisms from carrier to susceptible host by animate or inanimate intermediates (vehicles or fomites)
    Indirect transmission
  10. Dependent on ability of microorganisms to travel and survive in environment for long periods of times
    Airborne
  11. Spread by arthropods most commonly transmitted through blood
    Vector borne
  12. Transmits infected agent without change in skin, no molts
    Mechanical vector
  13. Transmits infected agent with molting of agent while inside vector
    Biological vector
  14. Vector transfers organism to its offspring in ovary or placenta
    Transovarial
  15. Transfer of etiological agent through milk
    Transmammary
  16. Transfer from molting stages such as nymph to current host
    Transstadial transmission
  17. Present at birth or develops in embryo or fetus in mother before or during pregnancy in uterus/placenta
    Congenital transmission
  18. Condition, disease or disorder that can be passed on from either one or both parents to offspring
    Hereditary transmission
  19. Microorganisms are destroyed by clinical/physical means. All life forms including spores are killed
    Steralization
  20. Immersing objects in disinfectant solution to reduce contamination
    Cold steralization
  21. Cleaning measure intended to prevent disease and promote health
    Sanitation
  22. Destruction of most pathogenic microorganisms but not spores. Used on inanimate objects
    Disinfection
  23. Disinfectives used only on skin
    Antiseptic
  24. Suggested disease not an act of god but from living organisms
    Fracastoro
  25. Provided glass for microscope for direct observation of bacteria
    Leeuwenhoek
  26. Suggested specific disease is caused by a specific organism
    Von Plenciz
  27. Discovered viruses
    Iwanowski
  28. Distinct cause of a disease.
    Etiological agent
  29. Single-celled animal-like
    Protozoa
  30. Non-chlorophyll plants and divided into categories or molds and yeasts.
    Fungi
  31. Unicellular which takes on 3 basic shapes.
    Bacterial
  32. Intracellular parasites, at some point in life cycle must use arthropods.
    Rickettsiae
  33. Resemble rickettsiae
    Chlamydiae
  34. Smallest free-living organisms, no cell wall, resistant to antibiotics.
    Mycoplasma (PPLO)
  35. PPLO
    Pleuro-Pneumonia Like Organisms
  36. Posses DNA or RNA, no enzyme systems, have living cells
    Virus
  37. Trauma, pressure, are examples of what?
    Physical
  38. Toxins, poisons, heavy metals are examples of what?
    Chemical
  39. Parasites, bacteria, viruses, are examples of what?
    Infections
  40. Nutrition, temperature, and hygiene are examples of what?
    Environmental
  41. Due to lack of dietary substances or inability to digest
    Deficiency disease
  42. Includes injuries such as lacerations, fractions, gun shots
    Physical trauma diseases
  43. Substances toxic to living tissues such as ingestion, absorption or inhalation
    Poison diseases
  44. Involves multi-cellular organisms and unicellular organisms
    Metazoan diseases
  45. Virulence
    Dosage
    Route of inoculation
    Agent factors
  46. Immune system antibodies (immunogolbulins)
    • IgA
    • IgG
    • IgM
    • IgE
  47. Vaccine made from killed bacteria
    Bacterin
  48. Other things in vaccines
    • 1) Remnants of cells in which infective agent was cultured
    • 2) Buffers
    • 3) pH indicators
    • 4) Preservatives
    • 5) Adjuvants
  49. Added to vaccines to enhance immune response by causing inflammatory response 
    EX: Aluminium
    Adjuvant
  50. B cell immunity. No memory. Consists of B lymphocytes, plasma cells, and immunoglobulins.
    Humoral  immunity
  51. T cell immnuity. No memory. T lymphocytes go to thymus to recognize unique markers on cells.
    Cell mediated immunity.
  52. Produce inflammatory mediators which regulate chronic inflammation
    Lymphocytes
  53. Modified lymphocytes that produce antibodies
    Plasma Cells
  54. Failure of immune response
    • 1) Maternal antibodies
    • 2) Human error
    • 3) Preexisting infection
    • 4) Time
  55. Why vaccines fail
    • 1) Animals response
    • 2) Handling and administration of vaccine 
    • 3) Maternal antibody
    • 4) Strain in vaccine is different from strain needed
  56. Hypersensitivity reaction which includes hives, facial swelling, shock, etc.
    Anaphylaxis
  57. Lumps formed at vaccination site b/c of reaction of adjuvants
    Granuloma
  58. In cats, grave long-term prognosis.
    Sarcoma
  59. Vaccine antigen and corresponding antibody are deposited in walls of small blood vessels
    Vasculitis
  60. Inflammation of sclera, iris and cornia
    Uveitis
  61. Relationship of antibodies to antigen in ratios. 1:10 (high) 1:100 (low)
    Titer
  62. Patient that is parasitized by etiological agent
    Host
  63. Relationship of various factors which determine frequency and distribution of infectious diseases
    Epizootiology
  64. TVMDL
    Texas Veterinary Medical Diagnostic Laboratory
  65. Development of morbid conditions of a disease
    Pathogenesis
  66. CDC
    • Center for disease control 
    • VET: Ames, Iowa
    • HUMAN: Atlanta, Georgia
  67. Living organism that lives at expense of another microorganism called a host
    Parasite
  68. Signs of a disease that can be visualized with the naked eye
    Symptoms
  69. Signs of disease deduced through tests
    Clinical signs
  70. Inanimate object that maintains presence of etiology to pass along
    Fomite
  71. Prevention of disease
    Prophylaxis
  72. All diseases possible based on symptoms
    Differential diagnosis
  73. Most likely disease based on history of whats been seen lately
    Tentative diagnosis
  74. Absolute identification of disease based on clinical signs
    Definitive diagnosis
  75. Death within 24 hrs
    Peracute disease
  76. Death within 48-72 hours
    Acute disease
  77. Mild clinical signs
    Subacute disease
  78. No clinical signs
    Subclinical disease
  79. Harbors the etiology but never shows symptoms or clinical signs
    Chronic
  80. Disease transmitted to man
    Zoonosis
  81. Attacking many animals in any region at same time
    Epizootic
  82. Present in animal community at all times, occurring in only small numbers
    Enzootic
  83. Chemical releases and interfers with ability of virus to cause disease by preventing replication within host cell
    Interferon
  84. Enzymes activated during infection and binds to invading cells and produced small holes in cell wall
    Complement
  85. 4 kennel cough complexes
    • Canine parainfluenza virus
    • Canine adenovirus type 2
    • Boredetella bronchiseptica
    • Canine corona virus
  86. Canidae
    Coyote, dingo, wolf, fox
  87. Mustelidae
    Ferret, mink, otter, skunk, weasel, etc.
  88. Procyonidae
    Raccoon, kinkajou, red panda
  89. Felidae
    Lion, cheetah, jaguar, etc.
  90. Ursidae
    Bear
  91. Parvo major clinical sign
    Leukopenia
  92. Corona clinical sign
    Increased PCV
  93. Corona major symptom
    Dehydration
  94. Why we use CAV-2 vaccine?
    • 1) Vaccinates for kennel cough
    • 2) Cross vaccinvates for CAV-1 (Hepatitis)
  95. Enteric bacteria
    • 1) Campylobacter
    • 2) Salmonella
  96. Parvo dates
    • 1977-1978 CPV-2
    • 1982 CPV-2a
    • 1984 CPV-2b
    • 2000 Cpv-2c
  97. Dehydration formula
    lb/% dehydrated/500
  98. Maintenance formula over 20 lbs
    1ml/lb/hr
  99. Maintenance formula under 20 lbs
    2ml/lb/hr
  100. Parenteral immunoglobulin
    IgA
  101. Intranasal immunoglobulin
    IgG
  102. 3 areas affected by corneal edema?
    • 1) Sclera
    • 2) Cornea
    • 3) Iris
  103. with CRD watch for..?
    • 1) High protein
    • 2) Elevated BUN
  104. Bubonic meaning?
    Enlarged submandibular lymph nodes
  105. NIH
    National Institute of Health
  106. AVMA
    American Veterinary Medical Association
  107. ALT
    Alanine aminotransferase
  108. ALP
    Alkaline phosphatase

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