SOCY 151- Chapter 7
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the recognized violation of cultural norms
the violation of a societies formally enacted criminal law
attempts for society to regulate people's thoughts and behavior
the organization that respond to alleged violations of the law
criminal justice system
the idea the deviance and conformity result not so much from what people do as from how others respond to those actions
a powerfully negative label that greatly changes a person's self-concept and social identity
the transformation of moral and legal deviance into a medical condition
medicalization of deviance
crime committed by people of high social position in the course of their occupation
the illegal actions of a corporation or people acting on its behalf
a business supplying illegal goods or services
a criminal at against a person or a person's property by an offender motivated by racial or another bias
crimes that direct violence or the threat of violence against others; also known as violent crimes
crimes against the person
crimes that involve theft of property belonging to others; also known as property crimes
crimes against property
violations of law in which there are no obvious victims
a legal negotiation in which a prosecutor reduces a charge in exchange for a defendant's guilty plea
an act of moral vengeance by which society makes the offender suffer as much as the suffering caused by the crime
the attempt to discourage criminality through the use of punishment
a program for reforming the offender to prevent later offenses
rendering an offender incapable through imprisonment or permanently by execution
later offenses by people previously convicted of crimes
correctional programs operating within a society at large rather than behind prison walls
Explain explanations of deviance and realize socials ones are what this class is about.
- - deviance varies according to cultural norms
- - people become deviant as others define them that way
- - both norms and the way people define rule-breaking involve social power
recognize that deviance is a normal necessary and even a functional element of society.
- - deviance affirms cultural values/norms
- - responding to deviance clarifies moral boundaries
- - responding to deviance promotes social unity
- - deviance encourages social change
What theory supports that deviance varies according to cultural norms?
structural functional theory
What theory supports that people become deviant as other define them that way?
symbolic interaction theory
What theory supports that both norms and the way people define rule-breaking involve social power?
What are Merton's four types of deviance?
- 1. Innovation
- 2. Ritualism
- 3. Retreatism
- 4. Rebellion
What is an example of a primary deviance?
Skipping school once
What is an example of a secondary deviance?
skipping school constantly
What is an example of a stigma?
dropping out of school completely
When something goes from bad to sick
medicalization of deviance
What 4 types of social controls did Hirschi's assert that conformity arises from?
- 1. attachment
- 2. commitment
- 3. involvement
- 4. belief
What would you like to do?
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