Nursing labs

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Author:
Anonymous
ID:
284696
Filename:
Nursing labs
Updated:
2014-10-02 08:40:01
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NormalLabValues
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nursing
Description:
nursing lab values
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  1. Arterial Blood Gases
    pH, pCO2, HCO3-, PO2, SaO2
  2. pH
    7.35-7.45
  3. PCO2
    35-45 mm Hg
  4. HCO3−
    22-26 mm Hg
  5. PO2
    80%-100%
  6. SaO2
    96%-100%
  7. Renal Function Studies
    • Blood urea nitrogen (BUN)
    • Creatinine
  8. Blood urea nitrogen
    (BUN) 8-25 mg/dL
  9. Creatinine
    0.6-1.3 mg/dL
  10. Hepatobiliary
    • Alanine aminotransferase (ALT)
    • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST)
    • Bilirubin
  11. Alanine aminotransferase (ALT)
    10-40 units/L
  12. Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) 1
    0-30 units/L
  13. Bilirubin, direct (conjugated):
    0-0.3 mg/dL
  14. Bilirubin, indirect (unconjugated):
    0.1-1 mg/dL
  15. Bilirubin, total:
    lower than 1.5 mg/dL
  16. Cholesterol
    • Total 
    • High-density lipoprotein (HDL) 
    • Low-density lipoprotein (LDL)
  17. Total:
    140-199 mg/dL
  18. High-density lipoprotein (HDL):
    30-70 mg/dL
  19. Low-density lipoprotein (LDL):
    less than 130mg/dL
  20. Triglycerides
    Lower than 200 mg/dL
  21. Protein
     6-8 g/dL
  22. Albumin
    3.4-5 g/dL
  23. Pancreatic
    • Amylase
    • Lipase
  24. Amylase
    25-151 units/L
  25. Lipase
    10-140 units/L
  26. Ammonia
    10-80 mcg/dL
  27. Glucose
    70-110 mg/dL
  28. Hemoglobin A1c
    • 4%-5.9%: nondiabetic
    • 7% or lower: good diabetic control
    • 7% to 8%: fail diabetic control
    • Higher than 8%: poor diabetic control
  29. Erythrocyte Studies
    • Hemoglobin 
    • Hematocrit
  30. Hemoglobin
    • Female: 12-16 g/dL
    • Male: 14-18 g/dL
  31. Hematocrit
    • Female: 35%-47%
    • Male: 42%-52%
  32. Coagulation Studies
    • Platelets 
    • Activated partial thromboplastin time(aPTT)
    • Prothrombin time (PT) 
    • International normalized ratio (INR)
  33. Platelets
    150,000-400,000 cells/mm3
  34. Activated partial thromboplastin time(aPTT)
    • To anticoagulate with Heparin 
    • 23-34 sec
    • Goal= 1.5-2.5 times normal
    • Therapeutic= 46-80 secs
  35. Prothrombin time (PT)
    • normal= 12-15 sec
    • to anticoagulate with Coumadin
    • Therapeutic Goal= 18-37
    • 1.5-2.5 times normal
  36. International normalized ratio (INR)
    • Normal=1
    • To anticoagulate with Coumadin
    • Therapeutic goal= 2-3
    • 2-3 times normal
  37. Electrolyte Values
    • Potassium 
    • Sodium 
    • Chloride 
    • Bicarbonate (venous)
  38. Potassium
    3.5-5.0 mEq/L
  39. Sodium
    135-145 mEq/L
  40. Chloride
    98-107 mEq/L
  41. Bicarbonate (venous)
    22-29 mEq/L
  42. White Blood Cell and DifferentialCount
    • White blood cells
    • Neutrophils
    • Bands
    • Eosinophils
    • Basophils
    • Lymphocytes
    • Monocytes
  43. WBC
    4,000-10,000 cells/mm3
  44. Neutrophils
    1,800 - 7,800 cells/mm3
  45. Cardiac Markers
    • Creatine kinase (CK):
    • CK-MB found in the heart and rises when heart muscle is damaged
    • CK-MM  found in your skeletal muscle and heart
    • CK-BB  found mostly in your brain
    • Troponin I
    • Troponin T
    • Myoglobin
    • Natriuretic peptides:
    • Atrial natriuretic peptides (ANP)
    • Brain natriuretic peptides (BNP)
    • C-type natriuretic peptides (CNP)
  46. Elements
    • Magnesium 
    • Phosphorus
    • Calcium
  47. Magnesium
    1.6-2.6 mg/dL
  48. Phosphorus
    2.7-4.5 mg/dL
  49. Calcium
    8.6-10 mg/dL

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