Exam 2

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Author:
dtarasov
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284715
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Exam 2
Updated:
2014-11-01 14:52:48
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exam2 GIS Fall2014
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Description:
Terms and concepts for the second exam in Fundamentals of Geographic Information Science (GEOG 5500).
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  1. Common map elements are:
    1. Title
    2. Body
    3. Legend
    4. North arrow
    5. Scale bar
    6. ___________
    7. Neatline
    A. Copyright information
    B. Compilation date
    C. Quad number
    D. Acknowledgment
    D. Acknowledgment
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. Less common map elements are:
    1. ___________
    2. Projection name
    3. Inset/location map
    4. Data quality information
    A. Graticule/grid
    B. Scale bar
    C. Neatline
    D. Title
    A. Graticule/grid
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. Maps are classified into general reference or ____________ and qualitative or quantitative.
    A. Multi-reference
    B. Thematic
    C. Special reference
    D. Subject-specific
    B. Thematic
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. _______ is the quality that distinguishes one color from another, such as red from blue.

    A. Chroma
    B. Value
    C. Shade
    D. Hue
    D. Hue
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. ________ is the dominant wavelength of light making up a color.
    A. Hue
    B. Chroma
    C. Value
    D. Shade
    A. Hue
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. __________ is the lightness or darkness of a color, with black at the lower end and white at the higher.
    A. Value 
    B. Shade
    C. Chroma
    D. Hue
    A. Value
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. _________ refers to the richness or brilliance of a color.
    A. Saturation
    B. Chroma
    C. Intensity
    D. Any of the above
    D. Any of the above
  8. _______ is better suited for qualitative data, whereas _______ is better for quantitative data.
    A. Saturation; chroma
    B. Hue; value and chroma
    C. Value; hue and chroma
    D. Value; saturation and intensity
    B. Hue; value and chroma
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. The ________________ classification method groups data values into classes of increasingly larger intervals.
    A. Natural breaks
    B. Quantile
    C. Jenks optimization
    D. Geometric interval
    D. Geometric interval
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. Another name for the quantile classification method is _____________.
    A. Natural breaks
    B. Equal frequency
    C. Equal interval
    D. Geometric interval
    B. Equal frequency
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. This classification method uses a computing algorithm to minimize differences between data values in the same class and to maximize differences between classes.
    A. Geometric interval
    B. Natural breaks
    C. Both B and C
    D. Jenks optimization
    C. Both B and C
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. How many typographic points are there in an inch?
    A. 74
    B. 72
    C. 64
    D. 84
    B. 72
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. True or false: both cathode ray tubes and liquid crystal displays have pixels made up of red, green, and blue.
    A. True
    B. False
    A. True
  14. The __________ is the average of the squared deviations of each data value about the mean.
    A. P-value
    B. Z score
    C. Variance
    D. Standard deviation
    C. Variance
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. ArcGIS uses _______ for query expressions.
    A. Python
    B. SQL
    C. VisualBasic
    D. C++
    B. SQL
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. In an overlay, the layer that may be a point, line, or polygon is called the _______ layer, and the layer that is a polygon is called the _________ layer.
    A. Intersection; overlay
    B. Overlay; polygon;
    C. Intersection; polygon
    D. Input; overlay
    D. Input; overlay
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. _________ preserves all features from the input layers, whereas _________ preserves only the features that are within the area extent common to the inputs.
    A. Union; identity
    B. Union; intersect
    C. Intersect; union
    D. Intersect; symmetrical difference
    B. Union; intersect
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. ___________ preserves all features except those that are common to both inputs.
    A. Identity
    B. Union
    C. Intersect
    D. Symmetrical difference
    D. Symmetrical difference
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. ______________ preserves only the features within the area extent of the layer defined as the input layer; the other layer is the identity layer.
    A. Intersect
    B. Symmetrical difference
    C. Union
    D. Identity
    D. Identity
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. With nearest neighbor analysis, the ratio is less than _ if the point pattern is more clustered than random.
    A. 0.5
    B. 0
    C. 2
    D. 1
    B. 0
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. With Moran's I, how does one calculate the expected value E(I)?
    A. E(I) = square root of (n-1)
    B. E(I) = -1/(n-1)
    C. E(I) = 1/square root of (n-1)
    D. E(I) = (n-1)/-1
    B. E(I) = -1/(n-1)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. If the pattern is random, Moran's I is close to ____; if the points are spatially correlated, it is greater than ___.
    A. E(I); 1
    B. E(I); E(I)
    C. 0; E(I)
    D. 1; E(I)
    B. E(I); E(I)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. What is the local version of Moran's I called?
    A. LISA
    B. Ripley's K-function
    C. Local G-statistic
    D. G-statistic
    A. LISA
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. What does the L in LISA stand for?
    A. Local
    B. Linear
    C. Latent
    D. Limited
    A. Local
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. What spatial statistic measures the clustering of high and low values in a data set?
    A. LISA
    B. G-statistic
    C. Moran's I
    D. Ripley's K-function
    B. G-statistic
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. True or false: with raster analysis, the output cell size should be the same as, or smaller than, the largest cell size among the input rasters.
    A. True
    B. False
    B. False
  27. The main source of errors with raster data is/are

    A. Georeferencing errors
    B. Quality of the cell values
    C. Digitizing errors
    D. Editing errors
    B. Quality of the cell values
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. A focal operation is also called a(n) ________ operation.

    A. Zonal
    B. Analytical
    C. Neighborhood
    D. Reclassifying
    C. Neighborhood
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. A _________ operation works with groups of cells of same values or like features.

    A. Zonal
    B. Local
    C. Focal
    D. Neighborhood
    A. Zonal
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. True or false: the thickness of a zone is the radius (in cells) of the largest circle that can fit inside the zone. 
    A. True
    B. False
    A. True
  31. True or false: the median, majority, minority, and variety statistics can be calculated if the input raster is a floating-point raster.
    A. True
    B. False
    B. False
  32. In the United States, raster data are usually available by the USGS ______-scale quadrangle.
    A. 1:24,000
    B. 1:18,000
    C. 1:32,000
    D. 1:16,000
    A. 1:24,000
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. _________ is a raster data generalization method similar to resampling but done by means of calculating the mean, median, sum, minimum, or maximum of the input cells that fall within the output cell.
    A. Reclassification
    B. Block operation
    C. Aggregate
    D. Slicing
    C. Aggregate
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. True or false: a vector-based buffering operation can create more accurate zones than a raster-based physical-distance operation.
    A. True
    B. False
    A. True
  35. A ________ operation is a neighborhood operation that moves by rectangles (blocks) and assigns the calculated value to all block cells in the output raster.

    A. Zonal
    B. Block
    C. Local
    D. Focal
    B. Block
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. 1 arc-second (30-meter) DEMs have a vertical accuracy of ___________ meters.

    A. +/- 7
    B. +/- 30
    C. +/- 7 to 12
    D. +/- 7 to 15
    D. +/- 7 to 15
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  37. 1/3 arc-second (10-meter) DEMs have a vertical accuracy of _________ meters.

    A. +/- 30
    B. +/- 7
    C. +/- 7 to 15
    D. +/- 7 to 12
    B. +/- 7
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  38. DEMs made from LIDAR data can have a vertical accuracy of about __ centimeters.

    A. 30
    B. 9
    C. 15
    D. 25
    C. 15
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  39. The _____________ algorithm builds TINs from elevation rasters such that all points in the raster are within a specified tolerance of the TIN's facets.

    A. Contouring
    B. Breakline
    C. Base contour
    D. Maximum z-tolerance
    D. Maximum z-tolerance
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  40. In triangles formed by ________ triangulation, all nodes are connected to the nearest neighbors to form triangles, and all triangles are as equiangular as possible.

    A. Breakline
    B. Delaunay
    C. Base contour
    D. Maximum z-tolerance
    B. Delaunay
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  41. True or false: the sun's azimuth runs in a clockwise direction.

    A. True
    B. False
    A. True
  42. The appearance of a 3-D view is controlled by the viewing angle, ___________, the viewing distance, and the z-scale.

    A. Vertical profile
    B. Base contour
    C. Hypsometric tinting
    D. Viewing azimuth
    D. Viewing azimuth
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  43. ______________ is the ratio between the vertical scale and the horizontal scale.

    A. Z-scale
    B. Profile scale
    C. Hypsometric scale
    D. Contour scale
    A. Z-scale
  44. At the ________, aspect starts at 0 degrees.

    A. West
    B. South
    C. North
    D. East
    C. North
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  45. __________ analysis requires 2 input datasets: a point layer with one or more viewpoints and a DEM or a TIN for the land surface.

    A. Curvature
    B. Viewshed
    C. Aspect
    D. Watershed
    B. Viewshed
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  46. True or false: a line-of-sight operation can be repeated using each cell in the elevation raster as a target, although an algorithm has been proposed that first screens out invisible cells.

    A. True
    B. False
    A. True
  47. A viewshed map with more than one viewpoint is called a(n) __________ viewshed map.

    A. overlapping
    B. pluralistic
    C. cumulative
    D. multiple
    C. cumulative
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  48. Apart from the viewpoint's elevation, the viewing azimuth, the viewing radius, and tree height, other parameters of viewshed analysis include 

    A. Vertical viewing angle limits
    B. Curvature of the Earth
    C. Building height
    D. All of the above
    D. All of the above
  49. True or false: the D8 is not the default flow direction method in ArcGIS.

    A. True
    B. False
    B. False
  50. Which of the following methods partitions flow from a cell into 2 adjacent cells?

    A. D∞
    B. Neither
    C. Both
    D. D8
    A. D∞
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  51. A point of interest for which a watershed is calculated, such as a dam or a gauge station, is called a(n)

    A. outlet
    B. both A and C
    C. pour point
    D. sink
    B. both A and C
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  52. True or false: the D8 is a multiple-flow direction method.

    A. True
    B. False
    B. False
  53. A higher flow-accumulation threshold will result in a __________ stream network and _________ internal watersheds than a lower threshold.

    A. denser; more
    B. less dense; fewer
    C. less dense; more
    D. denser; fewer
    B. less dense; fewer
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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